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FOCUSED CONTENTS. Convergence of NHM with other schemes. Planting Material Sub-Plan. Baseline/Bench Mark Survey of Horticulture Sector. Schedule of Operation-Pert-Chart. Identification of Production Clusters with Marketing Linkage. Training Plan and Training Calendar.

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FOCUSED CONTENTS

  • Convergence of NHM with other schemes.

  • Planting Material Sub-Plan.

  • Baseline/Bench Mark Survey of Horticulture Sector.

  • Schedule of Operation-Pert-Chart.

  • Identification of Production Clusters with Marketing Linkage.

  • Training Plan and Training Calendar.

  • Organic Farming with Certification.

  • Road Map for Implementation of NHM (2009-10 to 2011-12)

  • Future Vision.


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CONVERGENCE WITH OTHER SCHEMES - 1

  • I. Issues –

  • Gaps in many activities to achieve the objective of the scheme.

  • Insufficient money for optimum utilization of the scheme.

  • II. Approach –

  • Gap filling through convergence of funds of various other schemes with NHM.

  • Technical support for planning, selection of area and execution of works especially with Forest and Agriculture Department.

  • III. Status



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Planting Material Sub-plan - 1

  • I. Issues –

  • Good quality seeds and genuine planting material biggest limiting factor in the success of plantation.

  • Timely supply and distribution of planting material / other inputs.

  • Dependence on external agencies and private suppliers.

  • II. Approach –

  • Optimum utilization of capacity of the departmental nurseries.

  • Forehand planning.

  • III. Status


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Planting Material Sub-plan - 2

REQUIREMENT OF PLANTING MATERIAL FOR AREA EXPANSION OF CROPS IN 2009-10 -

* District wise planting material production and availability in department nurseries is given for three years under planting material sub-plan .


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BASELINE/BENCH MARK SURVEY OF HORTICULTURE SECTOR-1

  • I. Issues –

  • Total cultivable land 65,52,000 ha.

  • Area under horticulture 7.39% (4,84,695 ha.) in 2007-08.

  • Within 5 years 100% increase in area.

  • Limited scope for further area expansion in future.

  • II. Approach –

  • To increase in productivity of land and to lift up average yield of horticulture crop by genetic improvement and high application of inputs.

  • To increase in crop intensity.

  • If credit is not constraint CBR is in favor of crop diversification towards vegetables and fruits. If markets are brought closer to farm gate and post-harvest losses are minimized then CBR of horticulture is become more than CBR of cereals.

  • Production diversification and supply chain efficiency are key issues to reap the maximum benefits.

  • III. Status


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BASE LINE/BENCH MARK SURVEY OF HORTICULTURAL SECTOR-2

  • Diversification in the cropping pattern away from food grains towards horticulture and more towards vegetables and fruits.

  • Due to huge domestic demand (because absence of pulses in food bowl), in-spite of being one of the largest producer of vegetable, does not have much of marketable volume. Besides this there are supply constraints and huge post-harvest losses, which leads to lower actual available produce.

  • Chili, Cabbage, Kundru (Coccinia indica), Banana & Papaya are major crops of export to outside of state.





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Schedule of operation-pert-chart - 1

  • I. Issues –

  • Timely procurement and distribution of planting material and inputs.

  • Timely plating operations.

  • Timely monitoring.

  • II. Approach –

  • Forehand planning.

  • Capacity building and up-gradation of local knowledge.

  • III. Status



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IDENTIFICATION OF PRODUCTION CLUSTERS WITH MARKETING LINKAGE - 1

  • I. Issues –

  • Intensive input regime and large labour inputs.

  • Absence of price regulatory mechanism like agriculture crop.

  • Absence of market information system.

  • Poor credit facilities and exploitative traditional market system of horticulture crops.

  • Practically no exclusive horticulture market / mandi in the state.

  • II. Approach –

  • Establishment of well equipped and modern markets / mandis.

  • Introduction of parallel / in-addition market system with forward and backward linkages to the existing traditional system.

  • Perfect market information system.

  • Set-up of price regulatory mechanism with government intervention.

  • III. Status


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IDENTIFICATION OF PRODUCTION CLUSTERS WITH MARKETING LINKAGE - 2

FRUIT AND VEGETABLE MARKETS -

(Rs. in Lakhs)


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IDENTIFICATION OF PRODUCTION CLUSTERS WITH MARKETING LINKAGE - 3

Future Market System

Growers

Growers Association

Competitive Market Price

Backward Linkage

Collection Centre

Big Bazaar, Super Bazaars', Community Hostels, Educational Institutions, Hospitals, Canteens of various Organizations/Institutions, Factories, other Food retail chains etc

Forward Linkage

Terminal Market

Open Auction

Wholesalers

No Place for middle man/commission agents


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TRAINING PLAN AND TRAINING CALENDAR - 1 - 3

  • I. Issues –

  • Lack of awareness both in the farmers and departmental frontline staff towards modern trends and new technologies in the field of horticulture.

  • Weak extension linkage in the department and highly de-motivated staff.

  • Little risk taking attitude of farmers.

  • II. Approach –

  • Skill up-gradation and improvement of local traditional knowledge.

  • Capacity building through training especially to women to act as a group and for value addition, processing and marketing of horticulture produce.

  • Training for on-farm soil testing with the help of readymade kits.

  • Revival of local traditions and rituals in the field of IPM, INM and Organic Farming.

  • Training for resource persons identified from farmers, local NGOs and staff both within state and outside the state.

  • III. Status



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ORGANIC FARMING WITH CERTIFICATION - 1 - 3

  • I. Issues –

  • Fruits and vegetables production activities are largest user of plant protection products per hectare (almost 10-20 kg. per ha. which accounts about 25% share of global pesticide market) and most of these products are environmentally unsafe and climatologically hazardous.

  • Fruit and vegetables, mostly, consumed as raw. Thus biological contamination and pesticide residue are serious concern.

  • II. Approach –

  • To motivate the farmers for organic farming and bring it to logical conclusion of certification.

  • Prioritization of the area of default organic cultivation of horticulture crops to make it organic cultivation by design.

  • Training in IPM and Composting area and free provision for safe and eco-friendly bio-inputs for demonstration purpose with access to information how to produce them.

  • III. Status


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ORGANIC FARMING WITH CERTIFICATION - 2 - 3

  • IDENTIFICATION OF AREA & CROPS FOR ORGANIC CULTIVATION (2008-09) -

  • Setting-up of model organic private farm clusters (10 districts 500 ha. area).

  • Farmers training programs on production and quality control of organic inputs (100 training programs, 10 days each with 20 participants per course).

  • Field demonstration-cum-farmers fair on organic inputs (10 districts, 100 demonstrations).



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Future Vision - 3

I. Issues –

To achieve higher production with concentrated efforts to make production hub.

Approach – Focus on agro–climatic zone specific selection of horticultural crops.


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Future Vision - 3

II. Issues –

Fragmented land holdings and low productivity rate of horticulture crops.

Approach – Introduction of hi-tech technologies (2008-09).


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Future Vision - 3

  • III. Issues –

  • Huge gap between demand and supply of planting material / seeds.

  • Authenticity and quality of planting material / seeds supplied by other agencies is generally doubtful.

  • Timely availability and reliability is not sure.

  • Under and inefficient utilization of departmental nurseries.

    Approach – Up-gradation and modernization of departmental nurseries.

  • Out of 111 nurseries 61 nurseries have been proposed for technological up-gradation and modernization to bridge the gap between demand and supply. (10 nurseries have already been taken-up in 2008-09)

  • Establishment of 16 new nurseries in 10 districts. (04 nurseries are already in the process of establishment, 2008-09)

  • Capacity building of nursery staff, especially gardeners. (Training calendar has been chalked-out)


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Future Vision - 3

  • IV. Issues –

  • High post harvest losses (50-60% in tomato and leafy vegetables).

  • No access to energy and user friendly emerging technology for PHM like hurdle technology, cold air system, hydro-cooling, pre-cooling technology etc.

  • Technical know-how for low cost environment friendly on-farm cooling and storage technology for PHM.

  • Huge investment is required for PHM in form of govt. assistance / grant / subsidy. Current scheme can not meet the objectives.

  • Approach – Development of Post-Harvesting infrastructure and Management

  • Proposed activities for 2009-10.

  • 14 cold storages in 11 districts.

  • 860 zero energy cool chambers in 8 districts.

  • 60 pack house in 4 districts.

  • Establishment of entire cold chain units at 10 major production clusters as follows –

Cold Chain unit -


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Issues in Supply Chain Efficiency - 3

  • Non availability of good quality of seeds and other inputs.

  • Inadequate irrigation.

  • Lack of soil testing facility.

  • Inefficiency in pest management.

  • Capital and credit availability constraint.

  • Lack of information about modern technical know-how.

  • Huge post-harvest losses.

  • Poor market intelligence and market infrastructure.

  • Poor cold chain.

  • High transportation cost.

  • Non-standardization of weights and measures.

  • Little attention towards grading, value-addition and packaging.

  • Efficient integration of entire supply chain








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YEAR WISE BUDGET PROVISION SANCTION, RECEIVED AMOUNT & EXPENDITURE UNDER NHM

(Rs. in Lakhs)








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PROCESSING AND VALUE ADDITION 2008-2009

Units established in the state -


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PROCESSING AND VALUE ADDITION 2008-2009

POSSIBILITIES OF PROCESSING UNITS TO BE ESTABLISHED IN CHHATTISGARH -



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