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Nutrition. Presenter: Kevin Pappas Grade 10. Overview. What is nutrition? Calories Food Groups Essential Nutrients Fiber Food Labels What can you do?. What is Nutrition?.

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Presenter kevin pappas grade 10

Nutrition

Presenter: Kevin Pappas

Grade 10


Overview
Overview

  • What is nutrition?

  • Calories

  • Food Groups

  • Essential Nutrients

  • Fiber

  • Food Labels

  • What can you do?


What is nutrition
What is Nutrition?

  • The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and for replacement of tissues.

  • Be mindful of what you are eating

  • Why should you care?


Nutrition good vs bad
Nutrition: Good vs. Bad

  • Good Nutrition

    • More energy

    • Prevent illness/disease

    • Weight management

  • Bad Nutrition

    • Feeling lethargic

    • Increase chance of illness/disease

    • Poor weight management

BUY HEALTHY FOODS!


Calories

ENERGY

Calories

  • Unit of measurement for energy

  • We need calories to survive

  • Consume them in food and drink

  • How many do we need?


Calories1
Calories

  • About 2000-2500 calories per day

  • Calories can be burned through exercise

  • Our bodies burn calories during rest

  • 3500 calories = 1 pound of body fat


Food groups
Food Groups

  • Grains

  • Fruits

  • Vegetables

  • Meat

  • Dairy

  • Fats


Six essential nutrients

We need these to live!

Six Essential Nutrients

  • Carbohydrates

  • Fats

  • Proteins

  • Vitamins

  • Minerals

  • Water


Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates

  • Carbohydrates turn into glucose

  • Glucose is used for energy

  • 45%-65% of diet

  • 1 gram=4 calories

  • 2 types:

    • Simple Carbohydrate - sugars

    • Complex Carbohydrate – starch, fiber, grains



Fats

  • 20%-35% of diet

  • 1 gram=9 calories

  • Unhealthy Fats

    • Trans Fat, Saturated Fats, Cholesterol

  • Healthy Fats

    • Polyunsaturated Fats, Monounsaturated Fats



Protein
Protein

  • Found in every cell, organ, and tissue

  • Gets broken down

  • Protein we consume serve as replacements

  • Made of amino acids

  • 10%-35% of diet

  • 1 gram=4 calories



Vitamins minerals
Vitamins & Minerals

Organic Materials

  • Vitamins

  • Many kinds:

    • Vitamin A, B6, B12, D, E, K

  • Minerals

  • Many kinds:

    • Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium

  • Eat a balanced diet to fulfill daily requirements

Inorganic Materials


Water
Water

  • Body is made up of 60% water

  • Drink 64 oz per day

  • Water:

    • Maintains body temperature

    • Maintains joint function

    • Flushes wastes


Fiber
Fiber

  • Found in fruits, vegetables, grains, oats, nuts

  • Improves digestive health

  • Two types:

    • Soluble Fiber

    • Insoluble Fiber

  • Consume 25-30 grams per day

EAT YOUR FIBER!


Food labels
Food Labels

  • Important to be able to read

  • Often read incorrectly

  • Focus on serving size and servings

  • %DV=Percentage of Daily Value


Food labels1
Food Labels

  • How many calories in whole bag?

    • 620 calories

  • How many grams of protein in 2 oz?

    • 4 grams

Read Carefully


What can you do

You are what you eat!

What Can YOU Do?

  • Tips for a healthier diet:

    • Increase fruit and vegetable intake

    • Stay away from saturated and trans fat

    • Drink low-fat milk

    • Switch to 100% whole grain/whole wheat bread

    • Drink 100% juice

    • Avoid soda and energy drinks

    • Track your diet:

      • http://www.fitday.com/


Resources
Resources

  • "Nutrition for Everyone: Basics | DNPAO | CDC." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 06 Mar. 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/basics/>.



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