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TRANSITIONAL MARKERS. Formality Levels for transition Words and Expressions. transition Words and Expressions. Compiled by Ms. Terri Yueh. time. To clarify chronological order Sentence connector First, second, third, fourth, ….. Next, last, finally,….

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Transitional markers

TRANSITIONAL MARKERS

Formality Levels for transition Words and Expressions

transition Words and Expressions

Compiled by Ms. Terri Yueh


time

To clarify chronological order

  • Sentence connector

    First, second, third, fourth, …..

    Next, last, finally,….

    First of all, meanwhile, after that, since then,

  • subordinator

    Before, after, while, until as soon as,

  • phrases

    The first (+N.), the second (+N) before the (+N),

    in the year, since the (+N)


Importance
Importance

  • To indicate order of importance:

  • Ascending order, Descending order, Equal importance

  • Sentence connector

    More important, most important,

    above all

  • phrases

    The most important (+N)


Cause effect
Cause & Effect

To introduce reasons

  • Coordinator for

  • Subordinator Because, since, as

  • Phrases Because of, as a result of, as a consequence of, due to, to result from, the result of, the effect of A on B,

    the consequence of,

    To introduce results

  • Sentence connector Accordingly, as a result,

    as a consequence, therefore, thus, consequently, hence,

  • Coordinator so,

  • Phrases the cause of the reason for, to result in, to cause, to have an effect on, to affect


Comparison contrast
Comparison & Contrast

To introduce a comparison

  • Sentence connector Similarly, likewise, also, too

  • Coordinator and

  • Subordinator as, just as

  • Phrases like, just as, just like (+N),

    be alike, Be similar (to), be the same as,

    both…and, not only…but also,

    to compare to, to compare with,

    In like manner,

    To introduce contrast (strong opposition)

  • Sentence connector However, in contrast,

    in (by) comparison, on the other hand, on the contrary

  • Coordinator but,

  • Subordinator while, whereas

  • Phrases to be different from, to differ from,

    To be dissimilar, to be unlike, to compare with,


Alternative concession
Alternative & Concession

To introduce an concession

  • Sentence connector however, nevertheless,

    nonetheless, still

  • Coordinator but, yet

  • Subordinator although, though, even though

  • Phases despite + N, in spite of + N

    To introduce an alternative

  • Sentence connector Otherwise

  • Coordinator Or

  • Subordinator If, unless


Transitional markers formality levels

TRANSITIONAL MARKERSFormality Levels

Formality Levels for transition Words and Expressions

Formality Levels

Compiled by Ms. Terri Yueh


Addition
addition

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

    also, first, second, etc.

  • More formal

    additionally, besides, further, furthermore

    in addition, last but not least, next,

    not only… but also, too,

  • Most formal

    equally important, moreover, similarly


Cause effect1
Cause & Effect

reasons or results

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

    for, because, then, therefore

  • More formal

    As a result, for this reason, since, thus

  • Most formal

    according, as a consequence of, due to,

    to result from, consequently, hence


time

To clarify chronological order

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

    after a while, after that, also, at last, currently, earlier

    now, since then,eventually, finally, first, second, etc.

    In the future, in the past, next, last, finally

  • More formal

    afterward, at the same time, first of all, meanwhile

    formerly, immediately, in the meantime, later

  • Most formal

    concurrently, previously, simultaneously, subsequently


Example
example

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

    for example

  • More formal

    for instance, in other words

  • Most formal

    as an example, as an illustration, to exemplify


Comparison
comparison

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

    also, like, too

  • More formal

    both . . . and, neither. . . nor,

    in the same way, compared to, likewise, as well as

  • Most formal

    by comparison, in common with,

    similarly, in like manner


Contrast
contrast

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

    however

  • More formal

    instead, nevertheless, on the other hand

  • Most formal

    conversely, in contrast to, in opposition to,

    on the contrary,otherwise,still whereas


Summary conclusion
summary--conclusion

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

    finally, therefore

  • More formal

    after all, all in all, at last, briefly

    consequently, last, on the whole, in sum, thus

  • Most formal

    accordingly, as a consequence, in brief, in short

    in closing, in conclusion, in summary

    to conclude, to summarize


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