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TRANSITIONAL MARKERS. Formality Levels for transition Words and Expressions. transition Words and Expressions. Compiled by Ms. Terri Yueh. time. To clarify chronological order Sentence connector First, second, third, fourth, ….. Next, last, finally,….

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transitional markers

TRANSITIONAL MARKERS

Formality Levels for transition Words and Expressions

transition Words and Expressions

Compiled by Ms. Terri Yueh

slide2
time

To clarify chronological order

  • Sentence connector

First, second, third, fourth, …..

Next, last, finally,….

First of all, meanwhile, after that, since then,

  • subordinator

Before, after, while, until as soon as,

  • phrases

The first (+N.), the second (+N) before the (+N),

in the year, since the (+N)

importance
Importance
  • To indicate order of importance:
  • Ascending order, Descending order, Equal importance
  • Sentence connector

More important, most important,

above all

  • phrases

The most important (+N)

cause effect
Cause & Effect

To introduce reasons

  • Coordinator for
  • Subordinator Because, since, as
  • Phrases Because of, as a result of, as a consequence of, due to, to result from, the result of, the effect of A on B,

the consequence of,

To introduce results

  • Sentence connector Accordingly, as a result,

as a consequence, therefore, thus, consequently, hence,

  • Coordinator so,
  • Phrases the cause of the reason for, to result in, to cause, to have an effect on, to affect
comparison contrast
Comparison & Contrast

To introduce a comparison

  • Sentence connector Similarly, likewise, also, too
  • Coordinator and
  • Subordinator as, just as
  • Phrases like, just as, just like (+N),

be alike, Be similar (to), be the same as,

both…and, not only…but also,

to compare to, to compare with,

In like manner,

To introduce contrast (strong opposition)

  • Sentence connector However, in contrast,

in (by) comparison, on the other hand, on the contrary

  • Coordinator but,
  • Subordinator while, whereas
  • Phrases to be different from, to differ from,

To be dissimilar, to be unlike, to compare with,

alternative concession
Alternative & Concession

To introduce an concession

  • Sentence connector however, nevertheless,

nonetheless, still

  • Coordinator but, yet
  • Subordinator although, though, even though
  • Phases despite + N, in spite of + N

To introduce an alternative

  • Sentence connector Otherwise
  • Coordinator Or
  • Subordinator If, unless
transitional markers formality levels

TRANSITIONAL MARKERSFormality Levels

Formality Levels for transition Words and Expressions

Formality Levels

Compiled by Ms. Terri Yueh

addition
addition
  • Basic form for informal and formal use

also, first, second, etc.

  • More formal

additionally, besides, further, furthermore

in addition, last but not least, next,

not only… but also, too,

  • Most formal

equally important, moreover, similarly

cause effect1
Cause & Effect

reasons or results

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

for, because, then, therefore

  • More formal

As a result, for this reason, since, thus

  • Most formal

according, as a consequence of, due to,

to result from, consequently, hence

slide10
time

To clarify chronological order

  • Basic form for informal and formal use

after a while, after that, also, at last, currently, earlier

now, since then,eventually, finally, first, second, etc.

In the future, in the past, next, last, finally

  • More formal

afterward, at the same time, first of all, meanwhile

formerly, immediately, in the meantime, later

  • Most formal

concurrently, previously, simultaneously, subsequently

example
example
  • Basic form for informal and formal use

for example

  • More formal

for instance, in other words

  • Most formal

as an example, as an illustration, to exemplify

comparison
comparison
  • Basic form for informal and formal use

also, like, too

  • More formal

both . . . and, neither. . . nor,

in the same way, compared to, likewise, as well as

  • Most formal

by comparison, in common with,

similarly, in like manner

contrast
contrast
  • Basic form for informal and formal use

however

  • More formal

instead, nevertheless, on the other hand

  • Most formal

conversely, in contrast to, in opposition to,

on the contrary,otherwise,still whereas

summary conclusion
summary--conclusion
  • Basic form for informal and formal use

finally, therefore

  • More formal

after all, all in all, at last, briefly

consequently, last, on the whole, in sum, thus

  • Most formal

accordingly, as a consequence, in brief, in short

in closing, in conclusion, in summary

to conclude, to summarize

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