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Chapter 17. Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance . Quick Review: Renaissance: Rebirth of classical Greek and Roman thinking Why Italy: Thriving city Wealthy merchant class Classical heritage of Greece and Rome. Q1: How did the merchant class in northern Italy influence the Renaissance? .

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chapter 17
Chapter 17

Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance

Quick Review:

Renaissance: Rebirth of classical Greek and Roman thinking

Why Italy:

Thriving city

Wealthy merchant class

Classical heritage of Greece and Rome

Q1: How did the merchant class in northern Italy influence the Renaissance?

answer
Answer:
  • Dominated political life
  • Merit based, not inherit social status

FOCUS: individual acheivement

chapter 171
Chapter 17

Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance

Q 2: In what ways did literature and the arts change during the Renaissance?

answer1
Answer:

Literature & Art

Classics led to humanism, history, literature, philosophy

Enjoy life without offending God

Led to a secular society (Here and now)

Lit: Vernaclular

Machiavelli

Art: 3D, Realist

Donatello, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo

chapter 172
Chapter 17

The Northern Renaissance

Q1: What did northern European rulers do to encourage the spread of Renaissance ideas

answer2
Answer
  • Hired artists from Italy

Follow up Question: Why did the artists leave? Italy sounds like a pretty cool place to live at this time.

chapter 173
Chapter 17

The Northern Renaissance

Quick Review

Christian Humanists: Church needs to inspire people to live Christian lives

Italian Ren: Revive classical thought

Q2: How were the Christian humanists different from the humanists of the Italian Renaissance?

answer3
Answer

Reform society through education

1440: Gutenburg…THE PRINTING PRESS

Decreased the cost of books which allowed for increase in distribution of books

legacy of the renaissance
Legacy of the Renaissance
  • Great Artistic change
  • Great social change: Church to the Individual
  • Increase education through books
chapter 174
Chapter 17

Luther leads the Reformation

Lots of review:

Reasons for weak church:

Renaissance idea of individual

Printing press spread secular ideas

Merchants resented paying church taxes

Church leadership was accused of being corrupt

Q1: Why did the Holy Roman emperor go to war against Protestant German princes?

answer4
Answer
  • They threatened the church and followed the ideas of Lutheranism

Who was Martin Luther? 95 Thesis

chapter 175
Chapter 17

The Reform Continues

Quick Review:

Calvin was Swiss (studied under Huldrych Zwingli and Luther)

Luther was Germany

Q1: In what ways was John Calvin’s church different from the Lutheran Church?

answer5
Answer
  • Calvin brings order to the faith Luther began
  • He focused on the relationship between God…salvation…and man.
chapter 176
Chapter 17

The Reformation Continues

Q1: What are three legacies of the Reformation?

answer6
Answer
  • Expansion of Protestant churches and new denominations
  • Increased role of education by both Catholics and Protestants
  • Increase of development of the nation-state
  • Questioning authority which laid groundwork to the Enlightenment
chapter 18
Chapter 18

The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire

Q1: Why were the Ottomans such successful conquerors?

answer7
Answer
  • Warrior tradition
  • Highly effective social structure
  • Efficient and enforced government with code of law
  • Freedom of religion
chapter 181
Chapter 18

The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire

Q2: Why was Selim’s capture of Mecca, Medina, and Cairo so significant?

answer8
Answer

They represented great cities and now they fell under the power of the Ottomans.

chapter 19
Chapter 19

Europeans Explore the East

Q1: What factors helped spur European exploration?

answer9
Answer
  • Battle for Empire
  • Renaissance Technology and ideas
  • Expansion of trade (trade with East)
  • THE THREE G’s

GOD, GOLD, GLORY

chapter 191
Chapter 19

Europeans Explore the East

Q2: Why were the Dutch so successful in establishing a trading empire in the Indian Ocean?

answer10
Answer

They were a leading sea power and by 1600 had the largest fleet of ships in the world.

chapter 192
Chapter 19

China Limits European Contacts

Q1: Why did China undergo widespread industrialization?

answer11
Answer

Do to all the European exploration to the East, China was forces to industrialize to keep up as a trade partner.

By the 1500s China’s official trade policy reflected isolationism. I wonder why?

chapter 193
Chapter 19

China Limits European Contacts

Q2: What did Christian missionaries bring to China?

answer12
Answer

Knowledge of European science and technology, but Christianity did not take root.

chapter 194
Chapter 19

Japan Returns to Isolation

Q1: Why was the time between 1467 and 1568 called the period of the “Warring States”?

answer13
Answer

The centralized government fell to the decentralized territory lords or samurais. Civil war dominated this time.

chapter 195
Chapter 19

Japan Returns to Isolation

Q2: What was the difference between the Confucian ideal of society and the real society of Japan?

answer14
Answer

Confucian: agriculture centered society/farmers

Real society: commerce/merchants

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