Key ideals and principles in the united states constitution
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Key Ideals and Principles in the United States Constitution. Preamble’s Basic Goals. To form a more perfect union. The states work together as one unified nation, not as separate nations. To establish justice. The justice system requires that the law be applied fairly to every American.

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Key Ideals and Principles in the United States Constitution

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Key ideals and principles in the united states constitution

Key Ideals and Principles in the United States Constitution


Preamble s basic goals

Preamble’s Basic Goals

To form a more perfect union

The states work together as one unified nation, not as separate nations.

To establish justice

The justice system requires that the law be applied fairly to every American.

To ensure domestic tranquility

The government can ensure domestic tranquility, or peace and order at home.

To provide for the common defense

To protect citizens against foreign attack, the national government can raise armies and navies. However, the military is under civilian, or nonmilitary, control.

To promote the general welfare

The national government promotes the general welfare, or the well-being of all its citizens.

To secure the blessing of liberty

A major goal of the Constitution is to protect the liberty, or freedom, of Americans.

Preamble—opening statement


Basic outline of the constitution

Article I

Describes the legislative branch. Establishes powers and limits on Congress.

Article II

Describes the executive branch. Establishes powers and limits of the President.

Article III

Describes the judicial branch. Establishes powers and limits of the courts.

Article IV

Explains relations between the states. Requires states to honor one another’s laws. Sets out a system for admitting new states.

Article V

Provides a process for amending the Constitution.

Article VI

Says the Constitution is the “supreme law of the land.” No state law may violate the Constitution.

Basic Outline of the Constitution


Seven basic principles of government

Seven Basic Principles of Government

Popular Sovereignty

The principle that government gets its authority from the people, therefore people have a right to change or abolish their government.

Limited Government

The principle that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it. Everyone, no matter how important, must obey the law.

Separation of Powers

The idea of limiting government power by dividing it among different branches of government.

Checks and Balances

Each branch of government has power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches.

Federalism

The principle of dividing power between the federal government and the states.

Republicanism

A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to carry out their will.

Individual Rights

Individual rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury.


Popular sovereignty

Popular Sovereignty

The people hold the ultimate authority

A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them


Seven basic principles of government1

Seven Basic Principles of Government

Popular Sovereignty

The principle that government gets its authority from the people, therefore people have a right to change or abolish their government.

Limited Government

The principle that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it. Everyone, no matter how important, must obey the law.

Separation of Powers

The idea of limiting government power by dividing it among different branches of government.

Checks and Balances

Each branch of government has power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches.

Federalism

The principle of dividing power between the federal government and the states.

Republicanism

A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to carry out their will.

Individual Rights

Individual rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury.


Limited government

Limited Government

  • Framers wanted to guard against tyranny

  • Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution

  • The Constitution tells how leaders who over step their power can be removed

    • Impeachment


Seven basic principles of government2

Seven Basic Principles of Government

Popular Sovereignty

The principle that government gets its authority from the people, therefore people have a right to change or abolish their government.

Limited Government

The principle that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it. Everyone, no matter how important, must obey the law.

Separation of Powers

The idea of limiting government power by dividing it among different branches of government.

Checks and Balances

Each branch of government has power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches.

Federalism

The principle of dividing power between the federal government and the states.

Republicanism

A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to carry out their will.

Individual Rights

Individual rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury.


Separation of powers

Separation of Powers

  • No one holds “too much power”

    • Developed by Montesquieu

  • Legislative branch makes the laws

    • Senate and House of Representatives

  • Executive branch carries out the laws

    • The President of the United States

  • Judicial branch interprets the laws

    • Supreme Court and other Federal Courts


  • Separation of powers1

    Separation of Powers


    Seven basic principles of government3

    Seven Basic Principles of Government

    Popular Sovereignty

    The principle that government gets its authority from the people, therefore people have a right to change or abolish their government.

    Limited Government

    The principle that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it. Everyone, no matter how important, must obey the law.

    Separation of Powers

    The idea of limiting government power by dividing it among different branches of government.

    Checks and Balances

    Each branch of government has power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches.

    Federalism

    The principle of dividing power between the federal government and the states.

    Republicanism

    A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to carry out their will.

    Individual Rights

    Individual rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury.


    Checks and balances

    Checks and Balances

    Prevents the abuse of power in government

    Each branch can check each other branch


    Seven basic principles of government4

    Seven Basic Principles of Government

    Popular Sovereignty

    The principle that government gets its authority from the people, therefore people have a right to change or abolish their government.

    Limited Government

    The principle that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it. Everyone, no matter how important, must obey the law.

    Separation of Powers

    The idea of limiting government power by dividing it among different branches of government.

    Checks and Balances

    Each branch of government has power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches.

    Federalism

    The principle of dividing power between the federal government and the states.

    Republicanism

    A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to carry out their will.

    Individual Rights

    Individual rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury.


    Federalism

    Federalism

    The division of power between State and National governments

    Some powers are shared

    The National Government has the “supreme power”


    Federalism1

    Federalism


    Seven basic principles of government5

    Seven Basic Principles of Government

    Popular Sovereignty

    The principle that government gets its authority from the people, therefore people have a right to change or abolish their government.

    Limited Government

    The principle that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it. Everyone, no matter how important, must obey the law.

    Separation of Powers

    The idea of limiting government power by dividing it among different branches of government.

    Checks and Balances

    Each branch of government has power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches.

    Federalism

    The principle of dividing power between the federal government and the states.

    Republicanism

    A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to carry out their will.

    Individual Rights

    Individual rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury.


    Republicanism

    Republicanism

    • A system of government in which citizens rule themselves through elected representatives

    • Founders looked to the Roman Republic as an example

      • Virtues like independence and public service appealed to Founders

        • Threats of dictatorship


    Seven basic principles of government6

    Seven Basic Principles of Government

    Popular Sovereignty

    The principle that government gets its authority from the people, therefore people have a right to change or abolish their government.

    Limited Government

    The principle that government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it. Everyone, no matter how important, must obey the law.

    Separation of Powers

    The idea of limiting government power by dividing it among different branches of government.

    Checks and Balances

    Each branch of government has power to check, or limit, actions of the other branches.

    Federalism

    The principle of dividing power between the federal government and the states.

    Republicanism

    A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to carry out their will.

    Individual Rights

    Individual rights include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the right to trial by jury.


    Individual rights

    Individual Rights

    • Magna Carta

      • No one is above the law including the king

      • Everyone has certain rights (started with nobles then extended to other groups)

    • English Bill of Rights

      • Elections should be held on a regular basis

      • Upheld rights to trial by jury and rights to bear arms and habeas corpus


    Individual rights1

    Individual Rights

    • John Locke and Natural Rights

      • Everyone has natural rights to life, liberty, and property

      • Agreement between ruler and ruled

        • Ruler must enforce laws and protect people

        • Ruled have a right to rebel if rights are not protected


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