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United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine. Crop Biosecurity & Plant Health Emergency Management. Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. Osama El-Lissy Director, Emergency Management

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crop biosecurity plant health emergency management

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Crop Biosecurity & Plant Health Emergency Management

Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Osama El-Lissy

Director, Emergency Management

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

USDA

Riverdale, MD

slide2

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide3

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide4

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide5

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide6

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide7

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide8

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide9

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide10

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide11

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide12

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)
  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)
  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)
  • Citrus Greening (FL)
  • Citrus Canker (FL)
  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)
  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)
slide13

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)
  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)
  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)
  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)
  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)
slide14

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)
  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)
  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)
  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)
  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)
slide15

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)
  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)
  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)
  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)
  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)
slide16

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)
  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)
  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)
  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)
  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)
slide17

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)
  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)
  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)
  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)
  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)
pest and disease pathways
Pest and Disease Pathways

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Unintentional

Intentional

  • Natural Movement
  • Accidental Introduction
  • Smuggling
  • Bioterrorism
slide19

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • American Agriculture Accounts for:
    • ~13% of the Gross Domestic Product
    • ~17% of all employment in the U.S.
    • ~25 million Americans are employed in agricultural-related industries
  • Agricultural industry valued at $230 billion
  • Agricultural Exports account for $140 billion
    • 860,000 jobs
united states department of agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

plant protection quarantine
Plant Protection & Quarantine

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Mission

Safeguard agriculture and natural resources from risks associated with the entry, establishment, or spread of animal and plant pests and noxious weeds.

Plant Protection Act, 2000

Ag. Bioterrorism Protection Act, 2002

plant protection quarantine1
Plant Protection & Quarantine

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Vision

Highly Coordinated Systems:

Science-based

Maximum Protection

Minimum Adverse Impact

Inclusive

slide23

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Homeland Security Presidential Directives

HSPD-5:Management of Domestic Incidents (NIMS/ICS)

HSPD-7:Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protection

HSPD-8:National Preparedness

HSPD-9: Comprehensive Policy to Defend Agriculture Against Terrorism

slide24

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► The purpose of the NRP is to establish a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident management across a spectrum of activities including prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery.

slide25

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

Application:

►Terrorism - Biological, Nuclear/Radiological, Cyber, Catastrophic,

Food and Agriculture, and Oil and Hazardous Materials Incidents.

► Natural Disasters - Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Stafford Act)

slide26

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► Lead Federal Agency:

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

  • State, Local, and Tribal Governments
  • Private Sector
  • Nongovernmental Organizations
slide27

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► Other Federal Agencies:

Emergency Support Functions (ESF)

ESF #1 – Transportation

ESF #2 – Communications

ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering

ESF #4 – Firefighting

ESF #5 – Emergency Management

ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services

ESF #7 – Resource Support

ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services

ESF #9 – Urban Search and Rescue

ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources

ESF #12 – Energy

ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security

ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation

ESF #15 – External Affairs

slide28

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► Other Federal Agencies:

Emergency Support Functions (ESF)

ESF #1 – Transportation

ESF #2 – Communications

ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering

ESF #4 – Firefighting

ESF #5 – Emergency Management

ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services

ESF #7 – Resource Support

ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services

ESF #9 – Urban Search and Rescue

ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources

ESF #12 – Energy

ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security

ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation

ESF #15 – External Affairs

emergency response and recovery plant health vs all hazards
Emergency Response and RecoveryPlant Health vs. All Hazards

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

slide30

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

Detection, Diagnostics, and Confirmation

Agricultural Extension

NPDN

Grower/

Inspection

State Department of Agriculture

State Laboratory

State Plant Health Director

Others

Private Consultant

Pest/Disease Detection Initial Screening

slide31

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

Detection, Diagnostics, and Confirmation

NPDN

PPQ-EDP

PPQ-PSPI-NIS

State Laboratory

CPHST

Others

Initial Screening Confirmation/Reporting Response

slide32

Reported Pest

PPQ Executive Team

Unified Command

Response - EDP

No Response

Known Pest

New Pest

NPAG

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergency: Action Plan

slide33

Unified Command

SPHD & SPRO

Technical Working Group

Public Information Officer

Liaison Officers

Intelligence Officer

IES

Safety Officer

Planning

Chief

Operations Chief

Logistics

Chief

Admin/ Finance

Chief

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS - Command Staff

slide34

Supply

Unit Leader

Time

Unit Leader

Facilities

Unit Leader

Procurement Unit Leader

Division B

Supervisor

Ground Support Unit Leader

Comp. & Claims Unit Leader

Communications Unit Leader

Cost

Unit Leader

Food

Unit Leader

Planning

Chief

Operations Chief

Logistics

Chief

Admin/ Finance

Chief

Documentation Unit Leader

Medical

Unit Leader

Resource

Unit Leader

Branch I

Director

Regulatory Taskforce

Regulatory Taskforce

Situation

Unit Leader

Division A

Supervisor

SITC

Specialist

Situation Unit Leader

Mapping Taskforce

Mapping Taskforce

GIS

Specialist

Detection Taskforce

Detection Taskforce

Tech, Specialist

Control Taskforce

Control Taskforce

Demobilization Unit Leader

Training Specialist

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS - General Staff

plant health emergencies four elements
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

plant health emergencies four elements1
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • Off-Shore Pre-Clearance Program

1. Prevention

  • Agricultural Quarantine Inspection

2. Preparedness

  • Permits
  • Surveillance

3. Response

  • Critical Infrastructure
  • Vulnerability Assessment

4. Recovery

  • Mitigations
plant health emergencies four elements2
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Wheat Stem Rust - Ug 99

plant health emergencies four elements3
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • Off-Shore Pest Information System

1. Prevention

  • NAPPO Phytosanitary Alert System
  • Risk Assessment

2. Preparedness

  • Science Panels

3. Response

  • New Pest Response Guidelines
  • Diagnostics (development, validation, capacity)

4. Recovery

  • Survey – Detection (CAPS, NAPIS, NBIS)
  • Treatment (mitigation)
  • Infrastructure
  • Training (ICS, survey, diagnostics, data
  • management, mitigation, exercises, etc.)
plant health emergencies four elements4
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS Training (2005):

1. Prevention

  • ICS 100/200
  • Table-Top Exercises (9)
  • Full-Scale Exercise (3)
  • I- 300 (3)
  • I- 400 (3)

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

plant health emergencies four elements5
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS Training (2006):

1. Prevention

  • ICS 100/200
  • Table-Top Exercises (11)
  • Full-Scale Exercise (4)
  • I- 300 (5)
  • I- 400 (5)

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

plant health emergencies four elements6
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS Training (2007):

1. Prevention

  • ICS 100/200
  • Table-Top Exercises (11)
  • Full-Scale Exercise (4)
  • I- 300 (8)
  • I- 400 (7)
  • I- 420 (1)
  • S- 404 (1)

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

plant health emergencies four elements7
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Asiatic Soybean Rust

plant health emergencies four elements8
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • Implementation Plan
  • Generic and Sector-Specific Elements

1. Prevention

  • Incident Command SystemFederal and State Unified Command

2. Preparedness

  • Survey - Detection
  • Adequate – Timely

3. Response

  • Diagnostics
  • Accurate and Timely

4. Recovery

  • Mitigations
  • Timely – containment, control, and eradication
  • Data Management
plant health emergencies four elements9
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Potato Cyst Nematode

plant health emergencies four elements10
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • National Plant Disease Recovery System

2. Preparedness

  • Prevention Elements
  • Survey and Detection

3. Response

  • Long-Term Pest Control Systems

4. Recovery

plant health emergencies four elements11
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Citrus Health Response Plan

plant protection and quarantine roles

HQ

WR

ER

PPQ

CPHST

Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

plant protection and quarantine roles1
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Headquarters:

Office of theDeputy Administrator:

  • Leadership

Emergency and Domestic Programs:

  • National Coordination for Crop Biosecurity
  • Program Design & ICS Leadership
  • Action and Regulatory Plans
  • Off-Shore Pest Information System
  • Communication
  • Funding
plant protection and quarantine roles2
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Headquarters (cont.):

Plant Health Programs:

  • Select Agent Program / Permits
  • Smuggling, Interdiction and Trade Compliance
  • CBP Liaison
  • Plant Safeguarding and Pest Identification
  • Phytosanitary Issue Management

Professional Development Center (PDC):

  • Training
    • Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ)
    • Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
    • Incident Command System
plant protection and quarantine roles3
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

2. Center for Plant Health Science & Technology (CPHST):

  • Pest Risk Assessments
  • Technical Working Groups
  • Science-Based Solutions
  • Survey and Detection
  • Diagnostics
    • Development, Validation, Confirmation
    • Laboratory Accreditation
    • Technical Training
  • Control and Eradication Technologies
plant protection and quarantine roles4

Western

Eastern

Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

3. PPQ Regions:

*

*

plant protection and quarantine roles5
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

3. PPQ Regions:

  • Implementation of Response: Operations
  • Coordination – State, Federal, and Industry
  • Resources – Human, Physical, and Fiscal
  • Communication and Reporting
federal and state agencies partnerships
Federal Agencies & Departments:Federal and State Agencies: Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • USDA – APHIS, OHS, ARS, CSREES, AMS, GIPSA, FSA, FS, FSIS, RMA
  • Environmental Protection Agency
  • Department of Interior – FWS, BIA
  • Department of Homeland Security – CBP
  • Department of Defense
  • Department of Justice – FBI
  • Human Health Services – CDC

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

federal and state agencies partnerships1
State Agencies:Federal and State Agencies: Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • State Departments of Agriculture
  • National Plant Board
  • National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA)
  • State Emergency Management Agencies

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

federal and state agencies partnerships2
State Agencies:Federal and State Agencies: Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • State Departments of Agriculture
  • National Plant Board
  • National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA)
  • State Emergency Management Agencies

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

industry and stakeholders
Industry and Stakeholders

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • Partnership and Coordination
  • Agricultural Critical Infrastructure
  • Vulnerability Assessment
  • Prioritization and Protective Measures
  • Mitigation Strategies

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

partnerships

States

APHIS

Industry

NAPPO, EU,.

Federal

Tribes

Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

slide58

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Protecting

American Agriculture

slide59

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Osama El-Lissy

Emergency & Domestic Programs

(301) 734-5459

[email protected]

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