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United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine. Crop Biosecurity & Plant Health Emergency Management. Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. Osama El-Lissy Director, Emergency Management

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Crop biosecurity plant health emergency management

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Crop Biosecurity & Plant Health Emergency Management

Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Osama El-Lissy

Director, Emergency Management

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

USDA

Riverdale, MD


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID)

  • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA)

  • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC)

  • Citrus Greening (FL)

  • Citrus Canker (FL)

  • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico)

  • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)

  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)

  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)

  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)

  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)

  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)

  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)

  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)

  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)

  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)

  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)

  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)

  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)

  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)

  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)

  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)

  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

2006 Summary

  • Sirex noctilio (NY)

  • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH)

  • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX)

  • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA)

  • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)


Pest and disease pathways
Pest and Disease Pathways

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Unintentional

Intentional

  • Natural Movement

  • Accidental Introduction

  • Smuggling

  • Bioterrorism


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • American Agriculture Accounts for:

    • ~13% of the Gross Domestic Product

    • ~17% of all employment in the U.S.

    • ~25 million Americans are employed in agricultural-related industries

  • Agricultural industry valued at $230 billion

  • Agricultural Exports account for $140 billion

    • 860,000 jobs


United states department of agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


Plant protection quarantine
Plant Protection & Quarantine

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Mission

Safeguard agriculture and natural resources from risks associated with the entry, establishment, or spread of animal and plant pests and noxious weeds.

Plant Protection Act, 2000

Ag. Bioterrorism Protection Act, 2002


Plant protection quarantine1
Plant Protection & Quarantine

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Vision

Highly Coordinated Systems:

Science-based

Maximum Protection

Minimum Adverse Impact

Inclusive


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Homeland Security Presidential Directives

HSPD-5:Management of Domestic Incidents (NIMS/ICS)

HSPD-7:Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protection

HSPD-8:National Preparedness

HSPD-9: Comprehensive Policy to Defend Agriculture Against Terrorism


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► The purpose of the NRP is to establish a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident management across a spectrum of activities including prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery.


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

Application:

►Terrorism - Biological, Nuclear/Radiological, Cyber, Catastrophic,

Food and Agriculture, and Oil and Hazardous Materials Incidents.

► Natural Disasters - Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Stafford Act)


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► Lead Federal Agency:

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

  • State, Local, and Tribal Governments

  • Private Sector

  • Nongovernmental Organizations


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► Other Federal Agencies:

Emergency Support Functions (ESF)

ESF #1 – Transportation

ESF #2 – Communications

ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering

ESF #4 – Firefighting

ESF #5 – Emergency Management

ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services

ESF #7 – Resource Support

ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services

ESF #9 – Urban Search and Rescue

ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources

ESF #12 – Energy

ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security

ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation

ESF #15 – External Affairs


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • National Response Plan (NRP)

► Other Federal Agencies:

Emergency Support Functions (ESF)

ESF #1 – Transportation

ESF #2 – Communications

ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering

ESF #4 – Firefighting

ESF #5 – Emergency Management

ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services

ESF #7 – Resource Support

ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services

ESF #9 – Urban Search and Rescue

ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources

ESF #12 – Energy

ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security

ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation

ESF #15 – External Affairs


Emergency response and recovery plant health vs all hazards
Emergency Response and RecoveryPlant Health vs. All Hazards

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

Detection, Diagnostics, and Confirmation

Agricultural Extension

NPDN

Grower/

Inspection

State Department of Agriculture

State Laboratory

State Plant Health Director

Others

Private Consultant

Pest/Disease Detection Initial Screening


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergencies

Detection, Diagnostics, and Confirmation

NPDN

PPQ-EDP

PPQ-PSPI-NIS

State Laboratory

CPHST

Others

Initial Screening Confirmation/Reporting Response


Reported Pest

PPQ Executive Team

Unified Command

Response - EDP

No Response

Known Pest

New Pest

NPAG

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Plant Health Emergency: Action Plan


Unified Command

SPHD & SPRO

Technical Working Group

Public Information Officer

Liaison Officers

Intelligence Officer

IES

Safety Officer

Planning

Chief

Operations Chief

Logistics

Chief

Admin/ Finance

Chief

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS - Command Staff


Supply

Unit Leader

Time

Unit Leader

Facilities

Unit Leader

Procurement Unit Leader

Division B

Supervisor

Ground Support Unit Leader

Comp. & Claims Unit Leader

Communications Unit Leader

Cost

Unit Leader

Food

Unit Leader

Planning

Chief

Operations Chief

Logistics

Chief

Admin/ Finance

Chief

Documentation Unit Leader

Medical

Unit Leader

Resource

Unit Leader

Branch I

Director

Regulatory Taskforce

Regulatory Taskforce

Situation

Unit Leader

Division A

Supervisor

SITC

Specialist

Situation Unit Leader

Mapping Taskforce

Mapping Taskforce

GIS

Specialist

Detection Taskforce

Detection Taskforce

Tech, Specialist

Control Taskforce

Control Taskforce

Demobilization Unit Leader

Training Specialist

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS - General Staff


Plant health emergencies four elements
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Plant health emergencies four elements1
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • Off-Shore Pre-Clearance Program

1. Prevention

  • Agricultural Quarantine Inspection

2. Preparedness

  • Permits

  • Surveillance

3. Response

  • Critical Infrastructure

  • Vulnerability Assessment

4. Recovery

  • Mitigations


Plant health emergencies four elements2
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Wheat Stem Rust - Ug 99


Plant health emergencies four elements3
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • Off-Shore Pest Information System

1. Prevention

  • NAPPO Phytosanitary Alert System

  • Risk Assessment

2. Preparedness

  • Science Panels

3. Response

  • New Pest Response Guidelines

  • Diagnostics (development, validation, capacity)

4. Recovery

  • Survey – Detection (CAPS, NAPIS, NBIS)

  • Treatment (mitigation)

  • Infrastructure

  • Training (ICS, survey, diagnostics, data

  • management, mitigation, exercises, etc.)


Plant health emergencies four elements4
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS Training (2005):

1. Prevention

  • ICS 100/200

  • Table-Top Exercises (9)

  • Full-Scale Exercise (3)

  • I- 300 (3)

  • I- 400 (3)

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Plant health emergencies four elements5
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS Training (2006):

1. Prevention

  • ICS 100/200

  • Table-Top Exercises (11)

  • Full-Scale Exercise (4)

  • I- 300 (5)

  • I- 400 (5)

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Plant health emergencies four elements6
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

ICS Training (2007):

1. Prevention

  • ICS 100/200

  • Table-Top Exercises (11)

  • Full-Scale Exercise (4)

  • I- 300 (8)

  • I- 400 (7)

  • I- 420 (1)

  • S- 404 (1)

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Plant health emergencies four elements7
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Asiatic Soybean Rust


Plant health emergencies four elements8
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

  • Implementation Plan

  • Generic and Sector-Specific Elements

1. Prevention

  • Incident Command SystemFederal and State Unified Command

2. Preparedness

  • Survey - Detection

  • Adequate – Timely

3. Response

  • Diagnostics

  • Accurate and Timely

4. Recovery

  • Mitigations

  • Timely – containment, control, and eradication

  • Data Management


Plant health emergencies four elements9
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Potato Cyst Nematode


Plant health emergencies four elements10
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • National Plant Disease Recovery System

2. Preparedness

  • Prevention Elements

  • Survey and Detection

3. Response

  • Long-Term Pest Control Systems

4. Recovery


Plant health emergencies four elements11
Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery

Citrus Health Response Plan


Plant protection and quarantine roles

HQ

WR

ER

PPQ

CPHST

Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


Plant protection and quarantine roles1
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Headquarters:

Office of theDeputy Administrator:

  • Leadership

    Emergency and Domestic Programs:

  • National Coordination for Crop Biosecurity

  • Program Design & ICS Leadership

  • Action and Regulatory Plans

  • Off-Shore Pest Information System

  • Communication

  • Funding


Plant protection and quarantine roles2
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Headquarters (cont.):

Plant Health Programs:

  • Select Agent Program / Permits

  • Smuggling, Interdiction and Trade Compliance

  • CBP Liaison

  • Plant Safeguarding and Pest Identification

  • Phytosanitary Issue Management

    Professional Development Center (PDC):

  • Training

    • Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ)

    • Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

    • Incident Command System


Plant protection and quarantine roles3
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

2. Center for Plant Health Science & Technology (CPHST):

  • Pest Risk Assessments

  • Technical Working Groups

  • Science-Based Solutions

  • Survey and Detection

  • Diagnostics

    • Development, Validation, Confirmation

    • Laboratory Accreditation

    • Technical Training

  • Control and Eradication Technologies


Plant protection and quarantine roles4

Western

Eastern

Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

3. PPQ Regions:

*

*


Plant protection and quarantine roles5
Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

3. PPQ Regions:

  • Implementation of Response: Operations

  • Coordination – State, Federal, and Industry

  • Resources – Human, Physical, and Fiscal

  • Communication and Reporting


Federal and state agencies partnerships

Federal Agencies & Departments:

Federal and State Agencies: Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • USDA – APHIS, OHS, ARS, CSREES, AMS, GIPSA, FSA, FS, FSIS, RMA

  • Environmental Protection Agency

  • Department of Interior – FWS, BIA

  • Department of Homeland Security – CBP

  • Department of Defense

  • Department of Justice – FBI

  • Human Health Services – CDC

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Federal and state agencies partnerships1

State Agencies:

Federal and State Agencies: Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • State Departments of Agriculture

  • National Plant Board

  • National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA)

  • State Emergency Management Agencies

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Federal and state agencies partnerships2

State Agencies:

Federal and State Agencies: Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • State Departments of Agriculture

  • National Plant Board

  • National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA)

  • State Emergency Management Agencies

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Industry and stakeholders
Industry and Stakeholders

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

1. Prevention

  • Partnership and Coordination

  • Agricultural Critical Infrastructure

  • Vulnerability Assessment

  • Prioritization and Protective Measures

  • Mitigation Strategies

2. Preparedness

3. Response

4. Recovery


Partnerships

States

APHIS

Industry

NAPPO, EU,.

Federal

Tribes

Partnerships

United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Protecting

American Agriculture


United States Department of Agriculture

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Plant Protection and Quarantine

Osama El-Lissy

Emergency & Domestic Programs

(301) 734-5459

[email protected]


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