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Vert Bio Jeopardy. 2 nd Exam Review Carver 305 Wed 6:10-8:00 PM . Internal Systems. Sensing environment. R eproduction. Misc . #2. Misc . #1. Locomotion. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400.

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Vert Bio Jeopardy

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Vert bio jeopardy

Vert Bio Jeopardy

2nd Exam

Review

Carver 305

Wed 6:10-8:00 PM


Vert bio jeopardy

Internal Systems

Sensing environment

Reproduction

Misc.

#2

Misc.

#1

Locomotion

100

100

100

100

100

100

200

200

200

200

200

200

300

300

300

300

300

300

  • 400

  • 400

400

  • 400

  • 400

  • 400

500

500

500

500

500

500


Vert bio jeopardy

Internal Systems 100 points

Which glands produce hormones and also are ductless?


Answer

Answer

  • Endocrine Glands


Vert bio jeopardy

Sensing environment 100 points

True or False taste is more complex and sensitive than smell


Answer1

Answer

  • False


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 100 points

Where are the photoreceptors located.


Answer2

Answer

  • In the retina


Vert bio jeopardy

Reproduction 100 points

Define parthogenesis.


Answer3

Answer

  • Asexual reproduction where the egg develops into a new individual without fertilization


Vert bio jeopardy

Locomotion 100 points

In aquatic organisms what region of the body creates thrust?


Answer4

Answer

  • The caudal region


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 100 points

What creates the coloration in vertebrates integument?


Answer5

Answer

  • chormatophores


Vert bio jeopardy

Internal Systems 200 points

What are the 2 digestive features found in the Aves that won’t be found within any other clade


Answer6

Answer

  • The Crop and Gizzard


Vert bio jeopardy

Sensing environment 200 points

Name the 3 types of sensing receptors and provide an example.


Answer7

Answer

  • Chemoreceptors: senses smell and taste

  • Mechanoreceptors: touch, hearing, equilibrium

  • Electromagnetic: sight, heat, magnetic


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 200 points

True of False The dermis produces scales in fish.


Answer8

Answer

  • True it IS NOT the epidermis layer


Vert bio jeopardy

Reproduction 200 points

  • What the 2 types of hermaphroditism and provide examples.


Answer9

Answer

  • Simultaneous- both sets present but don’t function at the same time. Usually doesn’t self fertilize. Ex) Hamlet (fish)

  • Sequential- Born with one sex then switch to other sex. 2 types

    Ex) clown fish or wrasse


Vert bio jeopardy

Locomotion 200 points

List the 5 types of terrestrial locomotion


Answer10

Answer

  • 1- Cursorial-running

  • 2- Saltorial- Jumping

  • 3- Climbing- Scansorial

  • 4- Digging- Fossorial

  • 5- Crawling-


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 200 points

Name 4 purposes for integument


Answer11

Answer

  • Protection from physical damage

  • Protection from UV radiation

  • Protection from diseases

  • Coloration

  • Thermoregulation

  • Water/salt balance

  • Respiration (e.g., salamanders)

  • Secretory functions (e.g. poison)

  • Locomotion (e.g., claws, nails, hooves)

  • Feeding (e.g., mammary glands)

  • Sensory functions (e.g. sense of touch)


Vert bio jeopardy

Sensing environment 300 points

How does an Owl locate its prey?

Daily Double!


Answer12

Answer

  • The ear size and position of owls is asymmetrical.

  • It triangulates its prey and facial disk helps push sound waves to ears.


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 300 points

Draw a motor neuron and label its features.


Answer13

Answer


Vert bio jeopardy

Reproduction 300 points

Name the 3 Pair-bond types and an example of each.


Answer14

Answer

  • Monogamy- one mate for the breeding season or in some cases for life. Uncommon Ex) swans

  • Polygamy – 2 types polyandry 1 female to many males and polygyny 1 male to many females ex)

  • Promiscuity- multiple partners no pair bond. Ex)


Vert bio jeopardy

Internal Systems300 points

What is the vestigal cecum known as in humans and what’s its function?


Answer15

Answer

  • It’s known as the appendix

  • The function is to help with digestion from the bacteria within the appendix


Vert bio jeopardy

Locomotion 300 points

  • Describe Bernoulli’s Principle and what type of vertebrate does this principle concern?


Answer16

Answer

  • This states if you increase speed also increases lift/or decrease in pressure.

  • Lower pressure above wing/ High pressure below wing

  • Birds


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 300 points

What’s the study of animal behavior?


Answer17

Answer

  • Ethology


Vert bio jeopardy

Internal Systems 400 points

Name the three classes of neurons and describe their function.


Answer18

Answer

  • 1. Sensory neurons (afferent)- senses the environment and takes info to CNS

  • 2. Interneurons- 99% of all neurons; connects neurons together in CNS

  • 3. Motor neurons ( efferent)- Receives info from CNS and sends out signal to effector organs, triggering response.


Vert bio jeopardy

Sensing environment 400 points

Compare and Contrast the function of rods and cones


Answer19

Answer

  • Rods- See black and white, good vision in dim light, contain pigment rodopsin

  • Cones- See color wavelengths btw 400-750nm not good in dim light


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc400 points

Name 3 ways birds produce lift

C


Answer20

Answer

  • Shape of wing

  • Flight Speed

  • Angle of attack


Vert bio jeopardy

Reproduction 400 points

Define GSD and TSD and provide an example .


Answer21

Answer

  • GSD- genetic sex determination; chromosomes determine sex of offspring

    Ex) birds or mammals

  • TSD – Temperature dependent sex determination; temperature determines sex of offspring

    Ex) Common in turtle and fish


Vert bio jeopardy

Locomotion 400 points

What are the 4 thrust movement types with concerns to aquatic locomotion and list an example for each?


Answer22

Answer

  • Anguilliform- most of the body produce thrust ex) eels

  • Carangiform-front half of the body is rigid while the back half produces thust ex) perch

  • Ostraciiform-only the caudal fin produces thrust. Ex) puffer fish

  • Appendicular locomotion- appendages used for swimming ex) frogs


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 400 points

What are some examples of social interactions. Provide a specific examples.


Answer23

Answer

  • Reproduction (courtship, parental care)

  • Altruism

  • Agonistic

  • Dominance

  • Territoriality


Vert bio jeopardy

Internal Systems 500 points

What is the functional unit of the kidney, what are the three main parts of this unit and describe why its so important.


Answer24

Answer

  • The functional unit is the nephron

  • The 3 main parts of the nephron is the Glomerulus(a bundle of capillaries), Bowman’s capsule (surrounds the glomerulus), set of tubules known as the Loop of Henle.

  • Filtration of Blood, Reabsorption of nutrients, and Waste secretion.


Kidneys

Kidneys


Vert bio jeopardy

Sensing environment 500 points

Describe the difference between monocular and binocular vision and provide an example of each


Answer25

Answer

  • Monocular vision- lateral eyes field of vision don’t overlap. Can see behind self, but poor judge of distance. Prey animals ex) fish

  • Binocular vision- frontal eyes field of vision overlap and allows for accuracy and good depth perception. Predator animals ex) owls


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 500 points

Name the four types of stomach tissue


Answer26

Answer

  • Esophageal: anterior, non-glandular epithelium similar to esophagus

  • Cardiac: only in mammals; transitional region of columnar cells secreting mucus

  • Fundic: region producing mucus secretions as well as digestive enzymes (protein-breaking pepsin and fat-splitting lipase; HCl decreases pH, favoring action of pepsin)

  • Pyloric: “downstream” end of the stomach containing tubular glands as in the cardiac region


Vert bio jeopardy

Reproduction 500 points

Contrast the two reproductive strategies that vertebrates display. Provide an example for each.


Answer27

Answer

  • R-selected: Have many offspring and exhibit little to no parental care. The offspring often has high mortality rates with shorter lifespan. Ex) fish

  • K-selected: Have few offspring and exhibit high parental care. The offspring have low mortality rates and long lifespans.

  • Ex) elephants


Vert bio jeopardy

Locomotion 500 points

Describe the ratio btw power and speed in terrestrial vertebrates.


Answer28

Answer

  • Ratio of limb length (Lo) to limb protrusion (Li)

  • Cursorial: high Lo/Li ex) horse

  • Diggers: low Lo/Li ex) mole

    Runners have longer legs and less of a protrusion where diggers have smaller limbs and a larger protrusion.


Vert bio jeopardy

Misc. 500 points

Explain the 3 factors concerning instability. What are ways fish counteract these forces?


Answer29

Pitch

Roll

Answer

  • Roll-move side to side ex) dorsal and anal fin

  • Pitch- up and down movement ex) pectoral and pelvic fin

  • Yaw- left and right movement ex) caudal fin

Yaw


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