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Vert Bio Jeopardy. 2 nd Exam Review Carver 305 Wed 6:10-8:00 PM . Internal Systems. Sensing environment. R eproduction. Misc . #2. Misc . #1. Locomotion. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400.

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Vert Bio Jeopardy

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Vert Bio Jeopardy

2nd Exam

Review

Carver 305

Wed 6:10-8:00 PM


Internal Systems

Sensing environment

Reproduction

Misc.

#2

Misc.

#1

Locomotion

100

100

100

100

100

100

200

200

200

200

200

200

300

300

300

300

300

300

  • 400

  • 400

400

  • 400

  • 400

  • 400

500

500

500

500

500

500


Internal Systems 100 points

Which glands produce hormones and also are ductless?


Answer

  • Endocrine Glands


Sensing environment 100 points

True or False taste is more complex and sensitive than smell


Answer

  • False


Misc. 100 points

Where are the photoreceptors located.


Answer

  • In the retina


Reproduction 100 points

Define parthogenesis.


Answer

  • Asexual reproduction where the egg develops into a new individual without fertilization


Locomotion 100 points

In aquatic organisms what region of the body creates thrust?


Answer

  • The caudal region


Misc. 100 points

What creates the coloration in vertebrates integument?


Answer

  • chormatophores


Internal Systems 200 points

What are the 2 digestive features found in the Aves that won’t be found within any other clade


Answer

  • The Crop and Gizzard


Sensing environment 200 points

Name the 3 types of sensing receptors and provide an example.


Answer

  • Chemoreceptors: senses smell and taste

  • Mechanoreceptors: touch, hearing, equilibrium

  • Electromagnetic: sight, heat, magnetic


Misc. 200 points

True of False The dermis produces scales in fish.


Answer

  • True it IS NOT the epidermis layer


Reproduction 200 points

  • What the 2 types of hermaphroditism and provide examples.


Answer

  • Simultaneous- both sets present but don’t function at the same time. Usually doesn’t self fertilize. Ex) Hamlet (fish)

  • Sequential- Born with one sex then switch to other sex. 2 types

    Ex) clown fish or wrasse


Locomotion 200 points

List the 5 types of terrestrial locomotion


Answer

  • 1- Cursorial-running

  • 2- Saltorial- Jumping

  • 3- Climbing- Scansorial

  • 4- Digging- Fossorial

  • 5- Crawling-


Misc. 200 points

Name 4 purposes for integument


Answer

  • Protection from physical damage

  • Protection from UV radiation

  • Protection from diseases

  • Coloration

  • Thermoregulation

  • Water/salt balance

  • Respiration (e.g., salamanders)

  • Secretory functions (e.g. poison)

  • Locomotion (e.g., claws, nails, hooves)

  • Feeding (e.g., mammary glands)

  • Sensory functions (e.g. sense of touch)


Sensing environment 300 points

How does an Owl locate its prey?

Daily Double!


Answer

  • The ear size and position of owls is asymmetrical.

  • It triangulates its prey and facial disk helps push sound waves to ears.


Misc. 300 points

Draw a motor neuron and label its features.


Answer


Reproduction 300 points

Name the 3 Pair-bond types and an example of each.


Answer

  • Monogamy- one mate for the breeding season or in some cases for life. Uncommon Ex) swans

  • Polygamy – 2 types polyandry 1 female to many males and polygyny 1 male to many females ex)

  • Promiscuity- multiple partners no pair bond. Ex)


Internal Systems300 points

What is the vestigal cecum known as in humans and what’s its function?


Answer

  • It’s known as the appendix

  • The function is to help with digestion from the bacteria within the appendix


Locomotion 300 points

  • Describe Bernoulli’s Principle and what type of vertebrate does this principle concern?


Answer

  • This states if you increase speed also increases lift/or decrease in pressure.

  • Lower pressure above wing/ High pressure below wing

  • Birds


Misc. 300 points

What’s the study of animal behavior?


Answer

  • Ethology


Internal Systems 400 points

Name the three classes of neurons and describe their function.


Answer

  • 1. Sensory neurons (afferent)- senses the environment and takes info to CNS

  • 2. Interneurons- 99% of all neurons; connects neurons together in CNS

  • 3. Motor neurons ( efferent)- Receives info from CNS and sends out signal to effector organs, triggering response.


Sensing environment 400 points

Compare and Contrast the function of rods and cones


Answer

  • Rods- See black and white, good vision in dim light, contain pigment rodopsin

  • Cones- See color wavelengths btw 400-750nm not good in dim light


Misc400 points

Name 3 ways birds produce lift

C


Answer

  • Shape of wing

  • Flight Speed

  • Angle of attack


Reproduction 400 points

Define GSD and TSD and provide an example .


Answer

  • GSD- genetic sex determination; chromosomes determine sex of offspring

    Ex) birds or mammals

  • TSD – Temperature dependent sex determination; temperature determines sex of offspring

    Ex) Common in turtle and fish


Locomotion 400 points

What are the 4 thrust movement types with concerns to aquatic locomotion and list an example for each?


Answer

  • Anguilliform- most of the body produce thrust ex) eels

  • Carangiform-front half of the body is rigid while the back half produces thust ex) perch

  • Ostraciiform-only the caudal fin produces thrust. Ex) puffer fish

  • Appendicular locomotion- appendages used for swimming ex) frogs


Misc. 400 points

What are some examples of social interactions. Provide a specific examples.


Answer

  • Reproduction (courtship, parental care)

  • Altruism

  • Agonistic

  • Dominance

  • Territoriality


Internal Systems 500 points

What is the functional unit of the kidney, what are the three main parts of this unit and describe why its so important.


Answer

  • The functional unit is the nephron

  • The 3 main parts of the nephron is the Glomerulus(a bundle of capillaries), Bowman’s capsule (surrounds the glomerulus), set of tubules known as the Loop of Henle.

  • Filtration of Blood, Reabsorption of nutrients, and Waste secretion.


Kidneys


Sensing environment 500 points

Describe the difference between monocular and binocular vision and provide an example of each


Answer

  • Monocular vision- lateral eyes field of vision don’t overlap. Can see behind self, but poor judge of distance. Prey animals ex) fish

  • Binocular vision- frontal eyes field of vision overlap and allows for accuracy and good depth perception. Predator animals ex) owls


Misc. 500 points

Name the four types of stomach tissue


Answer

  • Esophageal: anterior, non-glandular epithelium similar to esophagus

  • Cardiac: only in mammals; transitional region of columnar cells secreting mucus

  • Fundic: region producing mucus secretions as well as digestive enzymes (protein-breaking pepsin and fat-splitting lipase; HCl decreases pH, favoring action of pepsin)

  • Pyloric: “downstream” end of the stomach containing tubular glands as in the cardiac region


Reproduction 500 points

Contrast the two reproductive strategies that vertebrates display. Provide an example for each.


Answer

  • R-selected: Have many offspring and exhibit little to no parental care. The offspring often has high mortality rates with shorter lifespan. Ex) fish

  • K-selected: Have few offspring and exhibit high parental care. The offspring have low mortality rates and long lifespans.

  • Ex) elephants


Locomotion 500 points

Describe the ratio btw power and speed in terrestrial vertebrates.


Answer

  • Ratio of limb length (Lo) to limb protrusion (Li)

  • Cursorial: high Lo/Li ex) horse

  • Diggers: low Lo/Li ex) mole

    Runners have longer legs and less of a protrusion where diggers have smaller limbs and a larger protrusion.


Misc. 500 points

Explain the 3 factors concerning instability. What are ways fish counteract these forces?


Pitch

Roll

Answer

  • Roll-move side to side ex) dorsal and anal fin

  • Pitch- up and down movement ex) pectoral and pelvic fin

  • Yaw- left and right movement ex) caudal fin

Yaw


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