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Review 1 st Midterm. LI 2013 Nathalie F. Martin. On the Exam. Here is what will be on the exam: Language: A Preview (chap. 1, O’Grady) Fields of linguistics (handout and Powerpoint ) Phonetics (brief introduction done in class) Morphology (chap. 4, O’Grady)

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Review 1 st midterm

Review1st Midterm

LI 2013 Nathalie F. Martin


On the exam
On the Exam ...

Here is what will be on the exam:

  • Language: A Preview (chap. 1, O’Grady)

  • Fields of linguistics (handout and Powerpoint)

  • Phonetics (brief introduction done in class)

  • Morphology (chap. 4, O’Grady)

    ... In short, what we saw in class 


Morphology

  • What you should know:

    • Def: Morphology

    • Morphemes:

      • Free, bound morphemes

    • Allomorphs

    • Analysing Word Structure

      • Root, affix

      • Base

      • Affix: prefix, suffix, infixes

    • Derivation:

      • English derivational affixes

      • Complex derivation

      • Constraints in derivation

      • Two classes of derivational affixes

MORPHOLOGY

(chap. 4, O’Grady)


Morphology continued

  • What you should know:

    • Inflection:

      • Inflections in English

      • Inflection vs. Derivation

    • Compounding:

      • Properties of compounds

      • Endocentric and exocentric compounds

      • Compounding in other languages

    •  Other Morphological Phenomenon:

      • Processes: Internal change, suppletion, reduplication, tone placement / cliticization, conversion, clipping, blends, backformation, acronyms, onomatopoeia, etc.

MORPHOLOGY(continued)

(chap. 4, O’Grady)


Correction of last week s homework
Correction of last week’shomework

  • Exercise 9 (see p. 117)

    a) b)


Correction of last week s homework1
Correction of last week’shomework

  • Exercise 9

    c)


Correction of last week s homework2
Correction of last week’shomework

  • Exercise 13

  • Inflectional

  • Derivational

  • Inflectional* → lovely, lovelier, loveliest (p. 125)

  • Inflectional

  • Derivation


Morphology1
Morphology

Invent a word using this root : VACUUM

  • by adding a prefix to this base (make sure that there are no constrains to the combination).

  • And then adding a suffix.

  • Draw the structure (tree) of the two words that you have just created.

  • What are the lexical categories of these words?


Language an introduction

  • What you should know:

    • How humans are made to speak

    • What is language

    • Linguistic competence vs. performance

    • Descriptive vs. Prescriptive approach to language

    • Grammar:

      • Generality, parity, universality, mutability, inaccessibility

LANGUAGE: AN INTRODUCTION

(chap. 1, O’Grady)


Things you should know
Thingsyoushould know …

  • What is language?

  • Definiti0n: language, languages and speech

    • Linguistic competence vs. performance


1 1 specialization for language

Contemporary Linguistics Analysis: p. 2.

1.1 Specialization for Language


Descriptive or prescriptive
Descriptive or Prescriptive?

  • Newfoundland English retains distinct morphology brought in by the original settlers (e.g. « I goes », « you goes » and « all the people goes »).

  • It is not proper to use double negatives (e.g. I don’t have nothing).


Grammar as seen through linguist s eyes
Grammar, as seen through Linguist’s eyes ...

  • Generality:

  • Parity:

  • Universality:

  • Mutability:

  • Inaccessibility:

  • All languages have a grammar

  • All grammars are equal

  • Grammars are alike in basic ways

  • Grammars change over time

  • Grammatical knowledgeissubconscious


Fields of linguistics

  • What you should know:

    • Linguistics

    • Fields of linguistics (handout and Powerpoint)

    • Descriptive linguistics

    • Applied linguistics

FIELDS OF LINGUISTICS

(handout and Powerpoint)


Early days of the study of language
earlydays of the study of language

  • Philology

  • Historical linguistics

  • Comparative linguistics

Objet: ancient civilisations

Objet: language(s) and it’s/their evolution

Objet: comparison between languages


Fields of linguistics1
Fields of Linguistics

________________

  • Phonology

  • Morphology

  • Syntax

  • Semantics

  • Pragmatics

________________

  • Sociolinguistics

  • Psycholinguistics

  • Neurolinguistics

  • Computational linguistics


Phonetics a brief introduction

  • What you should know:

    • Introduction to phonetics

    • Sounds of English

      • Consonants & vowels

    • IPA chart (general)

    • Transcription

PHONETICS: A Brief Introduction

(Handout and Powerpoint)



Ipa vowel chart
IPA VowelChart


Ipa glides examples
IPA Glides (examples)


Phonetic practice
Phonetic Practice

  • Read these words phonetically and write them out using conventional English spelling.

  • [mit]

  • [ ʃuz]

  • [skul]

  • [mjuzɪk]

  • Fill in the missing symbols.

    • Cartoons = [ _ ɑ _ _ u _ _ ]

    • Singing = [ _ ɪ _ ɪ _ ]

    • English = [ɪ__ _ ɪ_]

    • Cheese = [_ _ _ _ ]


  • Have a niceday!Godblessyou!“Now to him who is able to keep you from stumbling and to present you blameless before the presence of his glory with great joy, to the only God, our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.” (Jud 1:24-25 )


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