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School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene SNV Experience. Call to Action – WASH in Schools Meeting The Hague, May 2011. About SNV. WASH in Schools in SNV. Cambodia: “Unlocking Toilet Doors, Unblocking Student’s Access to School Sanitation” Initiative and WASH in Schools advocacy.

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School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene SNV Experience

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School Water, Sanitation and HygieneSNV Experience

Call to Action – WASH in Schools Meeting

The Hague, May 2011


About SNV


WASH in Schools in SNV

  • Cambodia: “Unlocking Toilet Doors, Unblocking Student’s Access to School Sanitation” Initiative and WASH in Schools advocacy.

  • Lao/Ethiopia: CLTS in Schools via fun games and songs

  • Tanzania: From School WASH mapping to policy changes and advocacy for WASH in Schools.


Structure of the Presentation

Achievements

About School WASH Mapping

Challenges Ahead


School WASH Mapping - Background

  • A joint initiative by SNV – UNICEF- WaterAid in 2,300 schools in16 districts (2009)

  • Purpose: To get a comprehensive picture of WASH situation in all schools in the selected districts; to explore the underlying causes of the (poor) situation; and to develop strategies for improvement

  • Physical mapping: Data collection

  • Governance and Validation Inquiry

  • District Feedback Meetings

  • National Stakeholders Workshop


Overall Situation in 16 Districts


Public and Primary vs. Private and Secondary


Facts and Figures

  • 11% of schools meet the minimum standard in pupil/DH

  • 6% (or 174 schools) has no latrines

  • 20% (or 562 schools) has over 100 pupil per drop hole

  • 6% of the existing latrine is rated as “good standard”

  • 9% of all school is rated as having “clean” latrines

  • 1% has soap, 4% has adequate water; 6% has HW facilities

    • 4% school has facilities for children and adults with disabilities

    • 48% of latrines for girls has no door

  • 43% have never been inspected on WASH situation by LGAs

  • Latrines have never been emptied in most school


Underlying causes

Facilities (quality and quantity)

Governance structure

Resource allocation & management

Poor WASH situation in Schools


Overcrowded

Rapid deterioration of facilities

A major barrier to hygiene education

Inadequate facilities(quality and quantity)

Heavy burden for effective O&M

Facilities become abandoned or unused

Not attractive to use by children

Severe lack of facilities


Weak Governance Structure

  • Unclear role; responsibility and ownership

  • Unclear and ineffective coordination on funding and institutional arrangements at National level

  • No arrangement for O&M of Facilities

  • Inadequate inspection and enforcement

  • Low level of community participation and consultation

  • Weak leadership and guidance from LGAs and Village Government

  • Low level of trust between community and village leaders


Poor Resource Allocation and Management

  • Discrepancy between schools in urban and rural/remote area

  • CG/LGCDG are late, fragmented; inadequate; unpredictable

  • Weak transparency on resource allocation

  • Top down direction on fund utilization

  • No distinction between government’s fund and parent’s contribution

  • Low priority given to School WASH at all levels


Recommendations

  • Focus more on quality (of the learning environment and achievement) and not just quantity (enrolment rate)

  • Strengthen national coordination and management for School WASH

  • Identify champion to strengthen political support and priority for SWASH

  • Strengthen SWASH monitoring, inspection and enforcement

  • Explore fund flow mechanisms for SWASH from central government to schools

  • Provide financial incentives for good performing schools

  • Improve financial transparency at all levels

  • Strengthen community involvement and ownership in SWASH

  • Strengthen home and school linkages to improve the effectiveness of SWASH


From Mapping to Action: Achievements to Date

MOU Between 4 Ministries responsible for Sanitation and Hygiene signed in 2010 and is being operationalised

National School WASH Guidelines to be developed by 4 Ministries with support from SNV and UNICEF (2010)

National Strategic Plan for School WASH (2010 – 2015)

National Sanitation and Hygiene Policy is being developed (with higher priority and attention given to WASH in Schools)

Thematic Working Group for School WASH established in 2010; chaired by MOH and MOEVT; supported by SNV and UNICEF


MOHSW Management Committee

(Meets weekly)

National Sanitation & Hygiene

Steering Committee

(NSHSC)

Chair: MOHSW

(Meets 2 times a year)

Water Sector Development Programme

Water Sector Working Group (WSWG)

(Meets 4 times a year)

Education Sector Development Committee (ESDC) (Meets 4 times/year)

Education Sector Development Committee Task Force

(Meet 4 times/year)

Health Sector

(HSSPIII)

Technical Committee – Health SWAp

(Meets twice/ year)

Thematic Working Group: Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Component (Meet 8 time/ year)

Thematic Working Group: Urban Water Supply & Sewerage Component (Meets 8 times a year)

National Sanitation & Hygiene Technical Committee (NSHTC)

Chair: MOHSW

(Meets 4 times a year)

Education Sector

Cross Cutting Issues

Technical Working Group

(Meet 4 times/ year)

Health Promotion (Sanitation, Hygiene, Environmental Health Management and Climate Change)

Technical Working Group

(EHM & CC-TWG)

Chair: MOHSW

(Meets 12 times a year)

Environmental Health & Climate Change Sub-Group

Co-Chairs: NEMC & MOHSW

(Meet 6 times/year)

Household Sanitation & Hygiene

Technical Working Group

(HHSH-TWG)

Co-Chairs: PMO-RALG & MOHSW

Supporting DPs: WSP & WaterAid

(Meets 6 times a year)

School WASH

Technical Working Group

(SWASH-TWG)

Co-Chairs: MOEVT & MOHSW

Supporting DPs: UNICEF & SNV

(Meets 6 times a year)

18


Reflection on the 6 key messages

  • Contribute evidence: Yes, very much

  • Increase investment : Potentially high

  • Demonstrate quality : Not yet showed results

  • Monitor WASH in Schools: Still weak with no enforcement, need to be linked to performance monitoring and incentive-based fund allocation

  • Involve multiple stakeholders: Starting

  • Engage those who set policies: Yes, very much


Low priority for WASH in Schools: A difficult trade-off

Teachers participation: Workload vs. motivation and incentive

Engaging community and parents participation: Building trust & cohesion; changing of mind-set

Enforcing minimum standard vs. fund availability

Investing in WASH in Schools: Some for All or All for Some?

Coordination at all levels: Agreeing on roles; responsibilities and mandates; harmonizing guidelines and standards.

Performance monitoring

Uncoordinated Funding for WASH in Schools

Political interference vs. Political support

Taking WASH in Schools to Scale - Challenges Ahead!


Priority: Desks, Chairs or Latrines?


Whyshould there be vast differences?


What can be done to bridge these gaps?


And more equity for children?


Call to Action - Why WASH in Schools?


1

Thank You!


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