Experience supporting acas in the asia pacific region
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Experience supporting ACAs in the Asia-Pacific region. Bratislava Regional Workshop on supporting ACAs June 30 th – July 1 st 2009. Main Anti-Corruption Agencies in Asia-Pacific Countries. Singapore: Corruption Practices Investigation Bureau (1952)

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Experience supporting ACAs in the Asia-Pacific region

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Experience supporting acas in the asia pacific region

Experience supporting ACAs in the Asia-Pacific region

Bratislava Regional Workshop on supporting ACAs

June 30th – July 1st 2009

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Main anti corruption agencies in asia pacific countries

Main Anti-Corruption Agencies in Asia-Pacific Countries

Singapore: Corruption Practices Investigation Bureau (1952)

Hong Kong: Independent Commission Against Corruption (1974)

Others: India (1963-1964)), Malaysia (1967), Philippines (1979), Brunei Darussalam (1982), New South Wales in Australia (1989), Nepal (1990), Maldives (1991-2009), Sri Lanka (1994), Pakistan (1999), Thailand (1999), Macao (1999), Republic of Korea (2002), Indonesia (2003), Bangladesh (2004), Afghanistan (2004-2008) – Fiji (2007) – Tonga (2008)

Bhutan: Office of the Anti-Corruption Commission (2006)

Mongolia: Independent Authority Against Corruption (IAAC) (2006)

Timor-Leste (to be set up)

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Undp support for acas in the asia pacific region

UNDP Support for ACAs in the Asia-Pacific Region

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Generic lessons learned on acas beyond undp experience

Generic Lessons Learned on ACAs (beyond UNDP experience)

Independence (cannot be 100%, it’s about operational independence, no undue influence - checks and balances, selection and appointment procedures, security of tenure, immunity and multiple reporting lines)

Mandate (Investigation, Prevention, Education and awareness-raising, Coordination and Prosecution – Focus!)

Strong political determination and leadership

Sufficient resources and staffing

Other institutions (Prosecutor, Auditor General, Public Service Reform Agency/Commission, Ombudsman, the Courts) - Coordination

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Country specific lessons learned in the asia pacific region 1

Country-specific lessons learned in the Asia-Pacific region (1)

Afghanistan (challenges: political will, lack of clarity institutional arrangements, attract expertise due to security situation, activities: legislative review UNCAC, grant-making facility for CSOs, support High Office of Oversight, lessons: sub-national, long-term expertise instead of short-term consultants)

Bangladesh (window of opportunity, ethics training, discussions on corruption/its social effects/political corruption, public campaign, UNCAC gap analysis)

Bhutan (AC law, AC strategy, rules & procedures ACC, gift policy, public survey, website, theatre plays, blacklisting for tender, one-stop shop, challenge of staffing, on-going support)

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Country specific lessons learned in the asia pacific region 2

Country-specific lessons learned in the Asia-Pacific region (2)

Malaysia (Malaysian Integrity Institute)

Maldives (Anti-Corruption Board, UNCAC Gap Analysis, A2I, newly established Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission)

Mongolia (parliamentary working-group, translation institutional arrangements publication, AC law, IAAC, Sectoral anti-corruption approach, MDG9 governance assessment, capacity assessment investigative department, UNCAC Gap Analysis, on-going support)

Sri Lanka (CIABOC, no prevention mandate, A2I, Clean hands initiative, involvement of media/civil society, building political commitment for legislative reform is important, UNCAC Gap Analysis)

Thailand (Capacity Assessment and 14th IACC in 2010)

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Regional support rcb pc

Regional Support (RCB/PC)

Knowledge management: Asia-Pacific Regional Anti-Corruption Portal

(http://go.snap-undp.org/focusareas/Governance/AntiCorruption/default.aspx)

Support for UNCAC compliance reviews : Regional Consortium with BIG/TI/IGS (Bhutan, Laos, Mongolia, and Sri Lanka)

Sectoral Anti-Corruption Approach : Tools for assessing accountability in the health, education, water and sanitation sector.

The Pacific Centre is exploring options for sub-regional approach to supporting national accountability institutions.

Sub-regional workshops on UNCAC and FOI have generated national demand for technical assistance

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Topics for discussion

Topics for discussion

Political economy: disengagement (Bangladesh and Cambodia) versus engagement (Thailand)? Relates to RBEC States with mono-centric power, non-existence of separation of powers, etc.

UNCAC gap analysis: what experiences in RBEC region?

Sectoral approaches: what experiences in RBEC region?

What have we learned from NHRIs? (Paris Principles, ICC, Accreditation and review of accreditation)

Updating “Institutional Arrangements” publication?

Regional Centre in Bangkok


Thank you

THANK YOU

Regional Centre in Bangkok


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