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From OAU to AU, One Banda to another, Malawi comes full circle. An analytical comparison of Grants in US$ and number of active donors. In reigns of Dr. Banda, Muluzi & Mutharika – with a foreign policy perspective. Garvey Karvei /Wise One from the East Collaboration. A note on the Data

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from oau to au one banda to another malawi comes full circle

From OAU to AU, One Banda to another, Malawi comes full circle

An analytical comparison of Grants in US$ and number of active donors

In reigns of Dr. Banda, Muluzi & Mutharika – with a foreign policy perspective

Garvey Karvei /Wise One from the East Collaboration

slide2

A note on the Data

  • All amounts represent Net bilateral aid flows only from DAC donors (at current US$)
  • Reference to non-DAC donors, e.g. Libya, RSA, is meant to enhance context.
  • Chinese figures have never been publicized. Rather than hazard guesses, no mention has been made at all about both Chinas
  • The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) is a 24 member donor group, the EU inclusive. More info on http://www.oecd.org/document/1/0,3746,en_2649_33721_46662849_1_1_1_1,00.html
  • Data Source: http://www.indexmundi.com/facts/malawi/net-bilateral-aid-flows-from-dac-donors
slide3
"My first duty is towards my people. If, in order to look after my people, I have to deal with the devil, I will do so."

Dr. Hastings Kamuzu Banda, addressing the

United Nations in 1967

slide6

(1)

Dr. Banda & his policies widened the donor-base from 1 (UK) in 1962 to 23. 2 withheld funds from 1992

slide7

(2)

Save for the periods between 1982-85 and 1992, aid in absolute terms, was always increasing

slide8

(2)

1982/85 drop

Developments surrounding the Mwanza Accident

slide9

Impact

1983:

Aaron Gadama, Dick Matenje, Mr Sangala & Mr Chiwanga were murdered

(2)

slide10

(3)

1992 drop

Donors’ solidarity with Malawians in the fight for democracy

slide11

FACT:

Even with the increasing goodwill, without apartheid SA’s help, Lilongwe City and related developments would have remained ‘Gweru’ dreams!

slide12
On the basis of the aforegoing:

Dr. Banda`s policies towards widening the donor base to avoid putting all eggs in one basket, paid off;

The DAC donors of course do not condone human rights abuses and autocracy;

Rebuffing the OAU stance on apartheid RSA was, in Malawi‘s economic context…..

slide13
…strategic and was later vindicated by history.

IF Lilongwe City is anything to go by, Malawi stance paid dividends.

slide14
1994

Enter

Exit

slide16

(1)

Bakili Muluzi inherited 23 donors, with 20 active in 1994 and finished with same 23 (save for new Arab benefactors)

slide17

(1)

During his decade, Denmark, scaled down heavily, 2 others wavered

slide18

(2)

Grants nose-dived in 1997 (corruption) and 2001-02 (third term agenda and shrinking political space)

slide19

(3)

Muluzi wooed back 2 donors that had deserted Malawi in 1992

slide20

Denmark

(3)

…and found it tough-going with the Danes who scaled down in 2001

slide21

It was not very surprising that he increasingly courted ‘donors’ like Libya to bring some level of stability

slide22
2004

Exit Bakili Muluzi

Enter Bingu wa Mutharika

slide23

(1)

Bingu inherited 23 donors, and finished with same 23

slide24

Switzerland-

minor donor

(2)

Grants were from 2004 to 2010, ever-increasing and with them donor-dependence

slide25

(3)

At the time this was compiled, data for 2011 and 12 was not available…

slide26

BUT notable is the fact that 2011/12 Malawi disastrously experimented with a zero deficit budget

slide27

The zero deficit budget has in 2012/13 been abandoned, condemned as an ill-timed and unrealistic experiment.

slide29
2012

Enters Mrs Joyce Banda to finish Bingu wa Mutharika‘s term

slide30
Baptism of fire!

A

B

Host Omar al-Bashir, and forget the MCC Compact and face the music….

Host Omar al-Bashir, and be a African hero like Bingu wa Mutharika, Mugabe & Co…

slide31
Bye bye AU, we have been down this road before…Remember Dr. Banda?

Test Result

...any way thanks for the offer to host the summit but NO, thank you.

U can stuff the summit!

slide33

"I respect the decision of the African Union to move the summit to Addis Ababa. To me what comes first is Malawi and Malawians.

I respect President Bashir as president of Sudan.

I am the president of the Republic of Malawi and my main agenda is to put Malawi on economic recovery.“

- Joyce Banda on June 14, 2012 at Chileka Airport

slide35

This chart shows the maximum reached in terms of net aid received for each of Malawi‘s 3 past leaders

  • Where in hell did Bingu wa Mutharika get the idea that he could do without the west when all this evidence more than proves that his tenure is when aid in dollar terms reached the highest?
  • May be we should ask, where did the dollars in 2010 go?
slide36
Indeed, from the OAU to AU,

One Banda to another,

3 men to a woman,

Malawi has come full circle.

Good-bye AU, it was good chairing you, but we find accepting the reality easier!

Epilogue

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