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Gladiators. Introduction. Gladiators were criminals or slaves captured in war. Gladiators were made to fight to the death to earn their freedom. Gladiators were named after the gladius. The gladius was a short sword used for stabbing, Roman soldiers also used it.

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Gladiators

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Gladiators


Introduction

  • Gladiators were criminals or slaves captured in war.

  • Gladiators were made to fight to the death to earn their freedom.

  • Gladiators were named after the gladius. The gladius was a short sword used for stabbing, Roman soldiers also used it.

  • Not all gladiators used the gladius, they used different weapons instead.


Types of gladiators

There were lots of different types of gladiators. They had different armour and weaponry.


Murmillo

  • Murmillo gladiators used the gladius and a large shield.

  • Murmillo gladiators sometimes fought as part of a team.

  • They usually fought other gladiators with heavy weapons


Thracians

  • Thracian gladiators used weapons used by soldiers from the Kingdom of Thrace.

  • They used shields that were small and square.

  • Their swords had a curved blade.

  • A Thracian’s helmet had a Griffin on it.


Provocator

  • Provocator gladiators wore a breastplate, leg armour and a helmet to protect themselves.

  • Their armour was the heaviest of all the gladiators.

  • They fought with a gladius and shield.


Retiarius

  • Retiarius gladiators fought with a trident and fishing net.

  • They wore hardly any armour at all.

  • They were quick and skilful to fight the more heavily armoured gladiators.


The Colosseum


  • Gladiators fought in many different amphitheatres across the empire.

  • The Colosseum was the biggest amphitheatre in the entire empire and probably the biggest building in the world.

  • It was in the centre of Rome.

  • It was finished in 80 AD.

  • 50,000 spectators could sit and watch the gladiator fights.


Under the Colosseum

  • There were lots of different tunnels and rooms.

  • The rooms were used to keep gladiators and animals in, before fighting in the arena.


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