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Expanding Awareness of Mental Health in Childhood and Adolescence. Yasong Du Shanghai Mental Health Center Shanghai Jiaotong University. Awareness. Awareness of children ’ s mental health in families, communities, medical professionals, and larger organizations will allow for :

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Expanding awareness of mental health in childhood and adolescence

Expanding Awareness of Mental Health in Childhood and Adolescence

Yasong Du

Shanghai Mental Health Center

Shanghai Jiaotong University


Awareness
Awareness Adolescence

Awareness of children’s mental health in families, communities, medical professionals, and larger organizations will allow for:

  • early identification of problems, which can facilitate early treatment

  • wider social understanding

  • reduced stigma

  • recognition of the importance of future initiatives aimed at mental health promotion in children.


Reasons for an awareness
Reasons for an Awareness Adolescence

Child and adolescent mental health:

  • is a basic human right that needs to be protected for children to thrive

  • is a general health issue

  • facilitates greater productivity and economic stability


Goals of the a wareness
Goals of the AdolescenceAwareness

  • inform public about the nature and treatment of children’s mental health

  • facilitate early detection and treatment

  • reduce stigma that causes emotional and social distress or prevents an individual from seeking treatment

  • provide health and educational personel with relevant information

  • begin a dialogue between different groups

    so people begin to work

    together to promote children’s mental

    health

  • promote change in mental health treatment

    and policy


The severity of children s mental health problems
The Severity of Children Adolescence’s Mental Health Problems

  • Prevalence and severity of mental health in children is alarmingly high.

  • Untreated mental health in children have serious complications

  • The following data shows the high prevalence and severity


Prevalence and severity of children s mental health problems
Prevalence and Severity of Children Adolescence’s Mental Health Problems

Studies have shown that:

  • Over 20% of children aged 9 to 17 have a diagnosable mental or addictive disorder that causes at least some impairment

  • Up to 2.5% of children and 8.3% of adolescents suffer from depression at any given time. (Birmaher 1996)

  • Depression is occurring earlier in life than in previous decades, often recurs in adult­hood, and may predict more severe disorders later in life. (Klerman 1989; Weissman 1999)

  • In any six month period, it is estimated that 13% of children and adolescents may suffer from an anxiety disorder.

  • In 2003, suicide was the 3rd leading cause of death in 10-14 year olds. Among adolescents with major depressive disorder, up to 7% might commit suicide in the young adult years. (Weissman 1999)


Understanding of social problems on children s mental health
Understanding of social problems on children Adolescence’s mental health

  • Worldwide social political and health crises impact mental and psychic health of children

  • These problems can lead to PTSD, reactive emotional or behavioral disorders.

  • In many rapidly developing countries widespread social changes and family systems breakdown can have tremendous impact on children mental health.


The impact of stigma
The impact of Stigma Adolescence

Stigma comes from public, medical professions, families and the person himself.

Effects from Stigma range from:

  • feelings of fear and inadequacy

  • denial

  • isolation despair

    Stigma can lead to maltreatment and abuse

    Usually this cause the mentally ill to fail to

    seek help.


Issues to be covered
Issues to be covered Adolescence

  • Depression

  • ADHD

  • School avoidance

  • Conduct disorders

  • PTSD

  • Early detection of pre-psychotic signs in adolescence


Conclusion
Conclusion Adolescence

Awareness is the first fundamental step towards improving child mental health care and promotion.


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