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The New South. Jim Crow. Changing Economies. Some Southern Planters lost their lands after the Civil War because they could not pay their debt or their taxes. Most of their land fell into the hands of southern plantation owner or northern investors. Sharecropping.

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The New South

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The new south

The New South

Jim Crow

The new south

Changing Economies

Some Southern Planters lost their lands after

the Civil War because they could not pay

their debt or their taxes

Most of their land fell into the hands of

southern plantation owner or northern


The new south


Under this system, a farmer worked a parcel

of land in return for a share of the crop, a

house, seed, tools, or a horse.

Enabled planters to get their land worked

even when they had no money

Gave laborers a place to live and land to work

without strict supervision

Most poor white and all African Americans

worked as sharecropper

The new south


Sharecroppers had no income until harvest


Bought everything on credit

Explain how sharecropping is similar to slavery

Pair Share

Explain how sharecropping is similar to slavery.

The new south

The Rise of Jim Crow

For African Americans, the new south resembled

the old south

Tied to their land because of sharecropping

Democrats controlled the South

The new south

To deprive African Americans of their right to

vote, southern legislatures instituted

Poll taxes-

fixed taxes imposed on voters

Literacy Tests-

Can’t read, can’t vote

Because most African Americans were poor

and had been denied an education, they were

not allowed to vote

Even most literate African Americans failed

the test-

White officials decided who passed

The new south

To further deprive African Americans of their

right, states imposed segregation

These new laws were called Jim Crow Laws

The term Jim Crow originated in a song performed by Daddy Rice, a white minstrel show entertainer in the 1830s. Rice covered his face with charcoal to resemble a black man, and then sang and danced a routine in caricature of a silly black person. By the 1850s, this Jim Crow character, one of several stereotypical images of black inferiority in the nation's popular culture, was a standard act in the minstrel shows of the day.

The new south

"Weel about and turn about and do jis

so, Eb'ry time I weel about I jump,

Jump, jump Jim Crow.”

The new south

1st Passed in 1881 in Tennessee

Required separate railway cars for blacks

By 1890, all southern states had legally

segregated public transportation and schools

Soon extended to cemeteries, parks, and other

public places

Jim crow video

Jim Crow Video

  • Jim Crow Video

The new south

Some of the laws

“It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards.” Alabama

“The marriage of a person of Caucasian blood with a Negro, Mongolian, Malay, or Hindu shall be null and void.” Arizona

“The schools for white children and the schools for negro children shall be conducted separately.” Florida

“No colored barber shall serve as a barber [to] white women or girls.” Georgia

“It shall be unlawful for any amateur white baseball team to play baseball on any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of a playground devoted to the Negro race.” Georgia

The new south

African Americans sued for equal treatment but

the Supreme Court refused to overturn the

Jim Crow Laws

“State government cannot discriminate,

businesses or individuals can”

Plessey V. Ferguson

1896 Homer Plessey was denied a seat on a


Case goes before Supreme Court

14th Amendment?

The new south

Court ruled “Separate But Equal”

The new south

Pair Share

Evaluate what you just learned about Jim Crow Laws. Is separate but equal really equal? Explain your answer.

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