Honors world history 30 terms
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Honors World History – 30 terms. The Interwar Era. Roaring Twenties. Nickname given to the 1920s as experienced in the United States Began with the relief that WW I was over Was an age of optimism and excitement with new art forms such as jazz amongst other changes

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The Interwar Era

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Honors World History – 30 terms

The Interwar Era


Roaring Twenties

  • Nickname given to the 1920s as experienced in the United States

  • Began with the relief that WW I was over

  • Was an age of optimism and excitement with new art forms such as jazz amongst other changes

  • ended with the stock market crash of 1929.


Harlem Renaissance

  • an African American cultural movement in the 1920s and 1930s, centered in Harlem.


Prohibition

  • a ban on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States from 1920 to 1933.


Marie 1867-1934 and Pierre 1859-1906 Curie

  • European chemists and physicists; they discovered radium and polonium in 1898.


Albert Einstein

  • (1879-1955)

  • American theoretical physicist

  • Developed the theory of relativity among his many scientific theories

  • Was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921.


Sigmund Freud

  • (1856-1939)

  • Austrian psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis

  • Treated hysteria using hypnosis

  • Believed that complexes of repressed and forgotten impressions underlie all abnormal mental states.


Maginot Line

  • massive fortifications built by the French along the French border with Germany in the 1930s to protect against future invasions.


Kellogg-Briand Pact

General Treaty for the Renunciation of War was signed on Aug. 27, 1928

Frank Billings Kellogg (December 22, 1856 – December 21, 1937) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served in the U.S. Senate and as U.S. Secretary of State. He co-authored the Kellogg-Briand Pact, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929.

An international agreement

Signed by almost every nation in 1928 to stop using war as a method of national policy.


reduction of armed forces and weapons.

reduction of armed forces and weapons.

disarmament


payment for war damage.

Reparation


condition in which production of goods exceeds the demand for them.

Overproduction


Depression

  • a period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment.


Great Depression

  • (1929-1930s)

  • a severe worldwide depression that followed the collapse of the United States stock market; prices and wages fell, business activity slowed, and unemployment rose.


Franklin Delano Rooselt

  • (1882-1945)

  • Thirty-second president of the United States

  • Was elected president four times

  • Led during the major crises of the Great Depression and World War II.

Often referred to as “FDR.” ===


New Deal

  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan of economic relief, recovery, and reforms for the country during the Great Depression.


Joseph Stalin

  • (1879-1953)

  • Led the U.S.S.R. after Vladimir Lenin’s death

  • Totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union

  • Led the Soviet Union through WW II and created a powerful Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe after the war.


Socialist Republic

  • a type of republic in which there is no private property and the state owns and distributes all goods to people.


Socialist Realism

  • artistic style whose goal was to promote socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive way


Propaganda

  • information such as posters and pamphlets created by governments in order to influence public opinion.

    Remember whose history is it?

    Perspective is everything!!!!


totalitarianism

  • form of government in which the person or party in charge has absolute power/ control over all aspects of life.


Benito Mussolini

  • (1883-1945)

  • Italian Fascist leader

  • Ruled as Italy’s dictator for more than 20 years beginning in 1922

  • His alliance with Hitler brought Italy into WW II.


Fascism

  • a totalitarian system of government that focuses on the good of the state rather than on the good of the individual citizens.

  • type of state created in Italy under Mussolini


Il Duce

  • “The Leader” - title taken by Benito Mussolini.


Adolf Hitler

  • 1889-1945

  • Totalitarian dictator of Germany

  • His invasion of European countries led to World War II.

  • Espoused notions of racial superiority and was responsible for the mass murder of millions of Jews and others in the Holocaust.


Nazi Party

  • National Socialist Party

  • Fascist political party of Adolf Hitler governed on totalitarian lines and advocating German racial superiority.


Mein Kampf

  • “My Struggle” – book written by Adolf Hitler outlining Nazi ideals and ideology.


charisma

  • a personal magic of leadership arousing special popular loyalty or enthusiasm for a public figure as a political leader or military commander

  • a special magnetic charm or appeal


Hirohito

  • (1901-1989)

  • Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989

  • Led Japan during World War II

  • Was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic-bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

= With U.S. Gen. MacArthur


Hideki Tojo

  • (1884-1948)

  • Japanese nationalist and general

  • Took control of Japan during World War II

  • Was later tried and executed for war crimes.


extreme nationalist

ultranationalist


Interwar Unit Vocabulary

  • This concludes the review!

  • Good Luck!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


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