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The Interwar Era - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Honors World History – 30 terms. The Interwar Era. Roaring Twenties. Nickname given to the 1920s as experienced in the United States Began with the relief that WW I was over Was an age of optimism and excitement with new art forms such as jazz amongst other changes

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Roaring twenties
Roaring Twenties

  • Nickname given to the 1920s as experienced in the United States

  • Began with the relief that WW I was over

  • Was an age of optimism and excitement with new art forms such as jazz amongst other changes

  • ended with the stock market crash of 1929.

Harlem renaissance
Harlem Renaissance

  • an African American cultural movement in the 1920s and 1930s, centered in Harlem.


  • a ban on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States from 1920 to 1933.

Marie 1867 1934 and pierre 1859 1906 curie
Marie 1867-1934 and Pierre 1859-1906 Curie

  • European chemists and physicists; they discovered radium and polonium in 1898.

Albert einstein
Albert Einstein

  • (1879-1955)

  • American theoretical physicist

  • Developed the theory of relativity among his many scientific theories

  • Was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921.

Sigmund freud
Sigmund Freud

  • (1856-1939)

  • Austrian psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis

  • Treated hysteria using hypnosis

  • Believed that complexes of repressed and forgotten impressions underlie all abnormal mental states.

Maginot line
Maginot Line

  • massive fortifications built by the French along the French border with Germany in the 1930s to protect against future invasions.

Kellogg briand pact
Kellogg-Briand Pact

General Treaty for the Renunciation of War was signed on Aug. 27, 1928

Frank Billings Kellogg (December 22, 1856 – December 21, 1937) was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served in the U.S. Senate and as U.S. Secretary of State. He co-authored the Kellogg-Briand Pact, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929.

An international agreement

Signed by almost every nation in 1928 to stop using war as a method of national policy.

Reduction of armed forces and weapons

reduction of armed forces and weapons.

reduction of armed forces and weapons.


Depression for them.

  • a period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment.

Great depression
Great Depression for them.

  • (1929-1930s)

  • a severe worldwide depression that followed the collapse of the United States stock market; prices and wages fell, business activity slowed, and unemployment rose.

Franklin delano rooselt
Franklin Delano for them.Rooselt

  • (1882-1945)

  • Thirty-second president of the United States

  • Was elected president four times

  • Led during the major crises of the Great Depression and World War II.

Often referred to as “FDR.” ===

New deal
New Deal for them.

  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan of economic relief, recovery, and reforms for the country during the Great Depression.

Joseph stalin
Joseph Stalin for them.

  • (1879-1953)

  • Led the U.S.S.R. after Vladimir Lenin’s death

  • Totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union

  • Led the Soviet Union through WW II and created a powerful Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe after the war.

Socialist republic
Socialist Republic for them.

  • a type of republic in which there is no private property and the state owns and distributes all goods to people.

Socialist realism
Socialist Realism for them.

  • artistic style whose goal was to promote socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive way

Propaganda for them.

  • information such as posters and pamphlets created by governments in order to influence public opinion.

    Remember whose history is it?

    Perspective is everything!!!!

totalitarianism for them.

  • form of government in which the person or party in charge has absolute power/ control over all aspects of life.

Benito mussolini
Benito Mussolini for them.

  • (1883-1945)

  • Italian Fascist leader

  • Ruled as Italy’s dictator for more than 20 years beginning in 1922

  • His alliance with Hitler brought Italy into WW II.

Fascism for them.

  • a totalitarian system of government that focuses on the good of the state rather than on the good of the individual citizens.

  • type of state created in Italy under Mussolini

Il duce
Il Duce for them.

  • “The Leader” - title taken by Benito Mussolini.

Adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler for them.

  • 1889-1945

  • Totalitarian dictator of Germany

  • His invasion of European countries led to World War II.

  • Espoused notions of racial superiority and was responsible for the mass murder of millions of Jews and others in the Holocaust.

Nazi party
Nazi Party for them.

  • National Socialist Party

  • Fascist political party of Adolf Hitler governed on totalitarian lines and advocating German racial superiority.

Mein kampf
Mein for them.Kampf

  • “My Struggle” – book written by Adolf Hitler outlining Nazi ideals and ideology.

charisma for them.

  • a personal magic of leadership arousing special popular loyalty or enthusiasm for a public figure as a political leader or military commander

  • a special magnetic charm or appeal

Hirohito for them.

  • (1901-1989)

  • Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989

  • Led Japan during World War II

  • Was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic-bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

= With U.S. Gen. MacArthur

Hideki tojo
Hideki for them.Tojo

  • (1884-1948)

  • Japanese nationalist and general

  • Took control of Japan during World War II

  • Was later tried and executed for war crimes.

Extreme nationalist

extreme nationalist for them.


Interwar unit vocabulary
Interwar Unit Vocabulary for them.

  • This concludes the review!

  • Good Luck!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!