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Symbols. Symbols. A symbol is something that stands for something else. Often a word, color, object, picture, person, setting or happening that symbolizes a deeper, broader meaning. WATER. birth-death-resurrection. creation. the unconscious. fertility and growth.

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symbols1
Symbols
  • A symbol is something that stands for something else.
  • Often a word, color, object, picture, person, setting or happening that symbolizes a deeper, broader meaning.
water
WATER

birth-death-resurrection

creation

the unconscious

fertility and growth

purification and redemption

the sea
The Sea

infinity

life

eternity

spiritual mystery

the unconscious

death and rebirth

rivers
Rivers

death and rebirth (baptism)

death

flowing of time into eternity

life cycle

incarnations of deities

slide6
Rain

sadness

sorrow

slide7
SUN

law in nature

creative energy

masculine

Father Principle

consciousness

(thinking, enlightenment, wisdom)

passage of time and life

rising sun
Rising Sun

birth

creation

enlightenment

setting sun
Setting Sun

death

end of time

moonlight
MOONLIGHT

romance

slide11
ROSE

Love

lips

kindness

lovely woman

colors red
COLORS RED

blood

sacrifice

passion

violence

disorder

sensuality

colors green
COLORS GREEN

POSITIVE

sensation

growth

fertility

nature

hope

NEGATIVE

death and decay

colors blue
COLORS BLUE

usually highly positive

religious feeling

spiritual purity

truth

security

colors black
COLORS BLACK

evil

darkness

death

primal wisdom

the unknown

mystery

melancholy

colors white
COLORS WHITE

light

POSITIVE

purity

timelessness

innocence

NEGATIVE

blinding truth of cosmic mystery

terror

death

the supernatural

colors yellow
COLORS YELLOW

light

comprehension

brightness

circle or sphere
CIRCLE or SPHERE

unity

wholeness

completeness

seasons
SEASONS

AUTUMN

Last few years

of life

SUMMER

Prime of life

SPRING

New beginnings

birth

WINTER

End of life

slide21
TREE

redemption

(cross)

life

(tree of life)

immortality

inexhaustible life

numbers
NUMBERS

Three

(masculine)

spiritual awareness

light

holy

unity

three
Three
  • Three in Holy Trinity
    • Father, Son, Holy Ghost
  • Three Phases of Moon
    • New, Full, Old
  • Three Sun Gods
    • Horus, Ra, Osiris (rising, midday, setting)
  • Three Levels of Space
    • Heaven, earth, abyss
slide24

NUMBERS

Four

(feminine)

spiritual awareness

circle

holy

life cycle

slide25
Four
  • Four Ages of World (Ovid)
    • Gold, silver, bronze, iron
  • Four Cardinal Virtues (Plato)
    • Wisdom, courage, temperance, justice
  • Four Parts of Day
    • Dawn, day, evening, night
  • Four Cardinal Points
    • North, south, east, west
  • Four Faces of Christ
    • Lion (ruler), ox (servant), man (earthly), eagle (spiritual)
  • Four Seasons
    • Winter, spring, summer, fall
slide26

NUMBERS

Seven

completeness

perfection

union of three and four

most powerful of all symbolic numbers

seven
Seven
  • Seven Stars in Big Dipper
  • Seven Days of Week
  • Seven Planets (Old World)
  • Seven Days to Create World
  • Seven Days to Prepare food (OT)
  • Seven Colors in Rainbow
numbers1
NUMBERS

TEN

perfection

completeness

slide29
Ten
  • Ten fingers
  • Ten toes
  • Ten Commandments
  • Tithing (1/10)
slide30

PLACES

Garden

(Edenic)

innocence

paradise

fertile

unspoiled beauty

slide31

PLACES

Desert

nihilism

spiritual aridity

hopelessness

death

slide32

PLACES

Island

freedom

innocence

animals
ANIMALS
  • FOX

Slyness

cleverness

animals1
ANIMALS
  • ELEPHANT

forgetfulness

animals2
ANIMALS
  • LAMB

gentleness

purity sacrifice

innocence

animals3
ANIMALS
  • LION

nobleness

ferocity

royalty

animals4
ANIMALS
  • DONKEY

stubbornness

serpent
SERPENT

(snake or worm)

evil

libido (sexual energy)

mystery

pure force

wisdom

corruption

sensuality

destruction

the unconscious

money
MONEY

labor

evil

birds
BIRDS
  • caged bird

imprisonment

birds1
BIRDS
  • Dove

peace

purity

birds2
BIRDS
  • Eagle

power

clear-sightedness

vision

protection

birds3
BIRDS
  • Hawk

war

warlike person

pugnacious

birds4
BIRDS
  • Owl

wisdom

birds5
BIRDS
  • Robin

spring

birds6
BIRDS
  • Vulture

loathsome evil waiting

to devour man

bread
BREAD

life

material things

blood
BLOOD

life

sacrifice

fire or burning
FIRE or BURNING

hell

punishment

passion

nakedness
NAKEDNESS

naturalness

primitive instincts

savagery

innocence

motifs or patterns

MOTIFS or PATTERNS

These patterns are recurrent in virtually every cultural mythology

creation
Creation
  • the most fundamental of all archetypal motifs
  • virtually every mythology is built on some account of how the cosmos, nature, and mankind were brought into existence by some supernatural Being or beings
flood
Flood
  • Nearly every culture has a story concerning the destruction or near destruction of the world by flood.
    • Biblical account - Hebrew
    • Epic of Gilgamesh - Sumerian
      • http://www.godandscience.org/apologetics/gilgamesh.html
sacrificial scapegoat atonement
Sacrificial Scapegoat/Atonement

The transfer of the corruptions of the tribe to a sacred animal or person to receive the cleansing or atonement thought necessary for natural and spiritual rebirth.

The rites of blood sacrifice and purification were considered a magical guarantee of rejuvenation.

sacrificial scapegoat atonement1
Sacrificial Scapegoat/Atonement
  • The hero, with whom the welfare of the tribe or nation is identified, must die (or leave the tribe/nation) to atone for the people’s sins and restore the land to fruitfulness.
    • Christ
    • Joseph (OT)
    • Shirley Jackson’s The Lottery
characters the great mother
Characters: The Great Mother
  • Represents mysteries of life, death, transformation
  • Good Mother
    • Positive
    • Life, birth, warmth, nourishment, protection, fertility, growth, abundance
      • Demeter
      • Ceres
      • Mother in Everyday Use
characters
Characters…
  • Terrible Mother
    • Negative
    • Witch, sorceress, siren, whore, femme fatale
    • Associated with: sensuality, sexual orgies, fear, danger, darkness, dismemberment, emasculation, death; terrifying aspects of the unconscious
      • Wicked stepmother in fairy tales
      • Medea
characters1
Characters…
  • Wise Old Man
    • Savior, redeemer, guru
    • Personification of spiritual
    • Spiritual qualities: knowledge, reflection, insight, wisdom, cleverness, intuition
    • Moral qualities: goodwill, readiness to help
    • Appears when the hero is hopeless or in a desperate situation; helper
characters2
Characters…
  • Trickster
    • Joker, jester, clown, fool, fraud, prankster, picaro (rogue), poltergeist, con man, shaman, magician, shape-shifter, witch
    • Closely associated with Jung’s shadow archetype
    • Mischievous, unexpected, disorder, amoral
    • Represents primordial, dawning consciousness
      • Particularly notable in African and American Indian cultures
immortality
Immortality
  • Escape from time: (return to paradise)
    • the state of perfect timeless bliss enjoyed by man and woman before their tragic Fall into corruption and mortality
  • Mystical submersion into cyclical time: (reincarnation)
    • theme of endless death and regeneration
    • submission to the rhythms of Nature’s eternal cycle
quest or journey
QUEST or JOURNEY
  • The hero (savior, deliverer) undertakes some long journey during which he must perform impossible tasks and overcome insurmountable odds in order to save the kingdom.
animal motif
Animal Motif
  • Children nursed/raised by wild animals
  • Live by instinct/can never adjust to “civilization”
    • Romulus and Remus
    • Tarzan
    • Jungle Book
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