Alternative nutrition therapy ginger
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Alternative Nutrition Therapy Ginger. Lisa Nguyen, Jasmeen Banwait , Anjuli Dhillon DFM 655. What is Ginger ?. Botanical name : Zingiber officinale Roscoe Family : Zingiberaceae Plant part used : Rhizome (root), leaves Taste : pungent

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Alternative Nutrition Therapy Ginger

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Alternative nutrition therapy ginger

Alternative Nutrition TherapyGinger

Lisa Nguyen, JasmeenBanwait, AnjuliDhillon

DFM 655


What is ginger

What is Ginger?

Botanical name: Zingiberofficinale Roscoe

Family: Zingiberaceae

Plant part used: Rhizome (root), leaves

Taste: pungent

  • Grows up to 60 cm high with 15 to 30cm long leaves


Brief history

Brief History

  • Used therapeutically for the past 2500 years, cultivation originated in South East Asia

  • In China, used to treat common ailments such as headaches, nausea and colds

  • In Asian and Ayurvedic medicine, ginger commonly used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-pyretic agent

  • Added spice or flavoring agent in meals and beverages in China and India

  • Prior to the 14th century, ginger was rare and expensive, “a spice worth its weight in gold” (Foster 2009).


Nutritional facts

Nutritional Facts


Nutritional facts1

Nutritional Facts

Gingerol, shogaols, gingerdiones, and zingeronegive the plant its special aroma and flavor

Research shows thatzingeronehelps against E. coli induced diarrhea in children

Gingerol & shogaolsuppress stomach stomach pain

Oleoresins, proteolytic enzymes, and essential oils help with the flow of food

Zingibain reduces inflammation


Studies and health benefits

Studies and Health Benefits

Gingerplays a beneficial role in:

Post operative nausea/vomiting

Morning sickness; nausea/vomiting during pregnancy

General inflammation

Ulcerative Colitis

Blood Sugar

Blood Pressure


Post operative nausea vomiting

Post Operative Nausea/Vomiting

“The efficacy of ginger for the prevention of post operative nausea and vomiting (2006)

  • Testing treatment of ginger vs. placebo

  • Treatment group received dose of 1 gram of ginger orally prior to anesthesia

  • 95% effective in treatment for symptoms


Morning sickness

Morning Sickness

“Randomized controlled trial to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy” (2004)

  • Reduces nausea and vomiting during pregnancy

  • Randomized controlled trial of pregnant women received 1.05 grams of ginger and 75 mg of Vitamin B6

  • Ginger was shown to have the same positive effects as Vitamin B6


Anti inflammatory properties

Anti-inflammatory Properties

“Cyclooxygenase inhibitors in ginger” (2011)

  • Treatment for inflammation

  • Similar properties to anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

  • 5 gram dosage of ginger extracts shown to bind to Cyclooxygenase inhibitor

  • Binding to this enzyme prevents inflammation


Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative Colitis

“Modulating effect of ginger extract on rats with ulcerative colitis” (2008)

  • Ginger used in treatment of ulcerative colitis in rats

  • 100, 200, and 400 mg doses per day reduced inflammation compared to acetic acid

  • Improved ulcerative colitis and decreased inflammation


Blood glucose

Blood Glucose

“Anti-diabetic and hypolipidaemic properties of ginger (zingiber officinale) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats” (2006)

  • Administered aqueous ginger extract intraperitoneally (500 mg/kg daily) to diabetic rats for 7 weeks

  • 52% blood glucose reduction compared to diabetic control rats that were not administered ginger extract

  • Ginger root has been used to treat chronic high blood sugar years before the invention of insulin in the 1920s.


Blood pressure

Blood Pressure

“Ginger lowers blood pressure through blockage of voltage dependent calcium channels” (2004)

  • Rats first injected with sodium thiopental (anesthetic), then administered .1 mL saline solution (to increase blood pressure)

  • .3-3 mg/kg of ginger extract administered to adult anesthetized rats intravenously

  • Researchers found that ginger acted as a vasodilator by blocking calcium voltage dependent channels, thus significantly lowering blood pressure


Doses

Doses

Capsule form: lowest dose 250 mg

Clinical trial doses of 500 mg and 940 mg

Important to take at least 30 minutes before departure

Repeat every 4 hours, approx. 4 g a day

Ginger ale: 12 ounces is enough to prevent motion sickness and help nausea

Dried/Powder: 1 g (1/2 t) prevented vomiting, dizziness, and cold sweats

1.5 to 3 g/day of fresh rhizome

0.7 to 5 mL/day of a 1:5 tincture


Drug interactions

DrugInteractions

Anticoagulant/antiplatelet medications (blood thinners)

  • Ginger also involved in slowing blood clot formation; when consumed while on blood thinners, both have a synergistic affect; risk of bruising and bleeding increases

  • Common blood thinners include: Aspirin, Ibuprofen, and Warfarin etc

    Medications for Diabetes treatment

  • Along with many diabetic medications, ginger also causes a drop in blood sugar. Taking ginger with these medications can cause an unsafe decline in blood sugar

  • Common diabetes medications: Amaryl, Insulin, Actos, Avandia, etc

    Calcium channel blocker medications for hypertension

  • These medications combined with ginger have a synergistic affect, can cause risk of developing arrhythmias

  • Common medications: Procardia, Verapamil, Norvasc etc


Side effects

Side Effects

Ginger is generally safe for most people

Some may experience mild side effects including heartburn, diarrhea and mild gastrointestinal discomfort

Some women have reported heavier menstrual bleeding

Ginger is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding, because there is not enough information known about the safety of ginger in regards to breast feeding mothers

Those with bleeding disorders or heart conditions should avoid consuming ginger


Conclusion

Conclusion

Ginger has been used for medicinal uses for thousands of years in a wide variety of treatments

More research is needed

Studies show small doses is effective for treating inflammation in the body, nausea and vomiting, blood sugar control and lowering blood pressure


References

References

Al-Amin, Z. M, Thomson, M., Al-Qattan, K.K., Peltonen-Shalaby, R., Ali, M. (2006).Anti-diabetic and hypolipidaemic properties of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. British Journal of Nutrition, 96, 660-666.

Ali, A., Gillani, A. H. (2007). Medicinal value of ginger with focus on its use in nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. International Journal of Food Properties, 10. 269-280.

Ali, B. H., Blunden, G., Tanira, M. O., Nemmar, A. (2008). Some phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological properties of ginger (zingiber officinale rosecoe): a review of recent research. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 46, 409-420.

Chaiyakunapruk, N., Kitikannakorn, N., Nathisuwan, S., Leeprakobboon, K., Leelasettagool, C. (2006). The efficacy of ginger for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Obsetrics and Gynecology, 194, 95-99.

El-Abhar, H. S., Hammad, L. N.A., Abdel Gawad, H. S. (2008). Modulating effect of ginger extract on rats with ulcerative colitis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 118, 367-372.

Foster. (2009). Historical use of ginger. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from http://www.supercoolhealth.com/blog/supercool-gingerol-news/item/80-historical-use-of-ginger


References cont d

References Cont’d

Ghayur, M.N., Gilani, A.H. (2004). Ginger lowers blood pressure through blockade of voltage-dependent calcium channels. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 45.

Ginger root nutrition facts. Retrieved from: http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/ginger-root.html

Herbs at a glance: ginger.(2006, May). Retrieved from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/ginger

McIntyre, Anne. (2005). Herbal Treatment of Children: Western and Ayurvedic Perspectives, 134, 135.

Mills, S., Bone, K., (2005). The Essential Guide to Herbal Safety. Ginger. 420-423.

Smith, C., Crowther, C., Willson, K., Hotham, N., McVillian, V. (2004). A randomized controlled trial of ginger to treat nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 103, 639-645.

Van Breemen, R. B., Tao, Y., Li, W. (2011). Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in ginger (zingiberofficinale).Fitoterapia, 82, 38-43.

WebMD, (2009). Ginger. Retrieved October 24, 2012 from: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-961-GINGER.aspx?activeIngredientId=961&activeIngredientName=GINGER

Yogeshwar, S., Singh, M. (2006). Cancer preventative properties of ginger; a brief review. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 45, 683-690. International Journal of Food Properties, 10, 269-278.

Zhao, X., Yang, Z., Gai, G., Yang, Y., (2009). Effect of superfine grinding on properties of ginger powder. Journal of Food Engineering, 91, 217-222.


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