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MARYLAND’S SMART GROWTH and LAND CONSERVATION PROGRAMS/PARTNERSHIPS. State of Maryland Parris N. Glendening, Governor Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Lt. Governor Maryland Department of Natural Resources J. Charles Fox, Secretary Karen White, Deputy Secretary. The Problems. Loss of Farmland.

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slide1

MARYLAND’S SMART GROWTH

and

LAND CONSERVATION PROGRAMS/PARTNERSHIPS

  • State of Maryland
  • Parris N. Glendening, Governor
  • Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Lt. Governor
  • Maryland Department of Natural Resources
  • J. Charles Fox, Secretary
  • Karen White, Deputy Secretary
slide2

The Problems

Loss of Farmland

  • Losing 15,000–25,000 acres/year
slide3

Roadside

Sprawl conflicts with farming and costs taxpayers

slide5

Waterfront

Development

Damages

Fragile Coastlines

the solutions a proud tradition of land conservation
Maryland Environmental Trust 1967

Program Open Space 1969

Maryland Agricultural Land Preservation Foundation 1974

Rural Legacy Program 1997

GreenPrint Program 2001

Community Parks & Playgrounds 2001

The SolutionsA PROUD TRADITION OF LAND CONSERVATION
slide7

The Solutions

  • Governor Parris N. Glendening’s
  • Smart Growth Initiatives
  • Nationally recognized land acquisition and conservation programs
  • Maryland GreenPrint Program
    • Funds the purchase or protection of large tracts of ecologically sensitive lands within Maryland’s Green Infrastructure
  • Community Parks and Playgrounds
    • Provides funding to local governments and municipalities for the development of new parks/playgrounds as well as the renovation of older parks
  • Rural Legacy Program
    • Funds the purchase or protection farmland within designated Rural Legacy Areas within each Maryland county
glendening land conservation accomplishments
$780 million for land preservation, parks and recreation since 1995

$176.2 million for FY2002, the largest annual budget for land preservation, parks and recreation

Protected more land than any prior administration – more than 279,334 acres to date (25.8% of all protected lands)

Protected more open space than lost to development for last 3 years

Glendening Land Conservation Accomplishments
slide9
6.2 million acres of land in Maryland

4.6 million acres of private farm & forest lands

400,000 acres under easement (6.47%)

657,150 acres of fed, state and local parks (10.5%)

25,650 acres private conservation land (0.4%)

1,081,962 acres total protected lands (17.4%)

1,227,000 acres developed (19.7%)

Losing 15,000 – 25,000 acres/year to development

Maryland’s Lands

the challenge meet chesapeake bay agreement goals
Total Area of State 6,208,025 ac

Total Protected Land 1,081,962 ac

17.43%

Amount of State in watershed 5,822,538 ac

93.8%

Bay Agreement Protection needed for 20% of State – 2.57% 159,643 ac

The Challenge Meet Chesapeake Bay Agreement Goals
federal partnerships additional funds and support to further land conservation goals
Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF)

- Both State and Federal Allocations

Direct Grants (Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, Fish and Wildlife, Forest Service)

Transportation Enhancement Funds (TEA21)

Federal PartnershipsAdditional funds and support to further land conservation goals
slide12
Administered through the National Park Service via annual allocations to all 50 states

Also provides direct appropriations for specific projects via Federal allocations

$75 million awarded in Maryland since 1967 via 357 projects

Provides funding to both Local and State government for open space and recreation areas

Funds both Land acquisition and development

Important fund source to “stretch” State dollars

Land and Water Conservation Fund

slide13

Successful LWCF Partnership

HOLLY BEACH FARM

Anne Arundel County

slide15

Holly Beach FarmProtecting waterfront lands threatened with development

  • Waterfront acreage located along the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge
  • Development potential included subdivision for up to 20 waterfront estate lots w/potential water access
  • Protection of tidal marshes, hardwood swamps, and woodlands
  • Recently named the “Best Real Estate Deal of 2001” by the Washington Business Journal
  • Critical resting and feeding ground for many imperiled waterfowl species
  • Important winter cover and migratory staging area for waterfowl
slide16

Holly Beach Farm

Partnerships for Conservation

Partners include:

LWCF/National Park Service

Maryland Department of Natural Resources

The Conservation Fund

Chesapeake Bay Foundation

Fish and Wildlife Service

holly beach farm funding partners
Land and Water Conservation Fund

State Allocation for FY2000 $992,023

TEA21 $2,875,000

National Park Service Direct Grant

Federal LWCF Allocation $1,496,700

Maryland’s Program Open Space $1,886,277

Total Project Cost $7,250,000

Holly Beach Farm Funding Partners
slide18

Maryland’s GreenPrint Program

  • Based on DNR’s Green Infrastructure Program
  • A network of sensitive resources
  • Patterns of protected lands
  • Hubs of multiple resources
  • GIS capability
  • Identifies protection & management opportunities
slide19

GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Features Include
  • Unique Wetlands
  • Large, Unmodified Wetlands
  • Interior Forest
  • Colonial Waterbird Nesting Sites
  • Waterfowl Concentration Areas
  • Rare, Threatened and Endangered
  • Species
  • Natural Heritage Areas
  • Habitat Protection Areas
  • Slopes > 10%
  • Streams and 268’ Buffer
  • Close Proximity to Existing Protected Lands
slide20

GreenPrint

Douglas PointCharles County

slide21

Lower Potomac River Protection Strategy

  • at Douglas Point
  • One of the last remaining true wilderness areas in Maryland
  • 5,500 Acres targeted for acquisition or permanent protection
  • 9.5 Miles of shoreline along the Potomac
  • Area threatened with sand/gravel mining
slide22

Maryland’s goals at Douglas Point include:

- Protection of mature interior upland forest

- Protection of tidal and non-tidal wetlands

- Protection of several stream valley corridors

- Water quality protection for both the Potomac River

and the Chesapeake Bay

- Establishment of significant wildlife habitat/open space

- Protection of threatened and endangered species of

plant and animal

- Protection of significant cultural resources – shipwrecks at Mallows Bay, Native American Sites, and Civil War Sites

slide23

Douglas Point links protected lands over an ecological “corridor” to include:

  • Federal Lands Piscataway National Park
  • U.S. Naval Ordinance Station at Indian Head
  • Naval Facility at Nanjemoy
  • State Lands Purse State Park
  • Smallwood State Park/Chapmans Forest
  • Chapel Point State Park
    • Doncaster State Forest
  • Mattawoman Natural Environmental Area
  • County Lands Ruth B. Swan County Park
  • Friendship Landing County Park
  • Protected Lands The Nature Conservancy Heron Rookery
pepco property at douglas point charles county 1 263 acres fee simple
1.8 miles of shoreline along the Potomac River, the Nation’s River, along with mature interior forest, tidal/non-tidal wetlands, stream valleys, and wildlife habitat

Links protected lands

Land threatened with large commercial sand/gravel mining

PEPCO PROPERTY AT DOUGLAS POINTCharles County1,263 Acres – Fee Simple
slide26
PEPCO Property at Douglas Point Funding Partners

Bureau of Land Management

Federal LWCF Allocation $2,700,000

Maryland’s GreenPrint Program $3,550,000

Total Project Cost $6,250,000

Fiscal 2002 LWCF State allocation dedicated to future land acquisition at Douglas Point

awards for land conservation
Maryland 1st in the Nation in Land Conservation The Sierra Club, 1999

National Preservation Award to Governor and DNR for Program Open Space and Rural Legacy National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1999

American Government Award for Smart Growth initiatives including Rural Legacy

Ford Foundation and Harvard University, 2000

Best Real Estate Deal of 2001, Holly Beach Farm Washington Business Journal

Awards for Land Conservation
maryland s ranking with other states for land conservation
1st in nation for amount of agricultural land preserved

2nd in nation for $ spent for agricultural land preservation

3rd in nation in $ spent relative to state’s size (per acre of state’s total land area)

5th in nation in total $ spent for open space

Maryland’s ranking with other states for Land Conservation

Source: University of Wisconsin Extension Service

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