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The US Army CPT Woodruff MTU ARMY ROTC PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The US Army CPT Woodruff MTU ARMY ROTC. Agenda. US MILITARY BRANCHES Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE ARMY DIVISIONS ARMY BRANCHES. US Military Branches. US Air Force. US Army . US Navy. US Marine Corps. US Army Mission.

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The US Army CPT Woodruff MTU ARMY ROTC

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The US Army

CPT Woodruff

MTU ARMY ROTC


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Agenda

  • US MILITARY BRANCHES

  • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD

  • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE

  • ARMY DIVISIONS

  • ARMY BRANCHES


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US Military Branches

  • US Air Force

  • US Army

  • US Navy

  • US Marine Corps


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US Army Mission

  • Preserve the peace and security, and provide for the defense of the United States, the Territories, Commonwealths, and Possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States

  • Support national policies

  • Implement national objectives

  • Overcome any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States


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America’s Army

  • Foundation

    • Established 14 June 1775 by Continental Congress

  • Articles of Confederation

    • First roles and missions: “Provide for the common defense”


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The Constitution - 1787

  • Principle of civilian control over military

  • Congress:

    • Raises and supports military services

    • Declares war

    • Makes rules for governing and regulating the services

  • President:

    • Commander in Chief

    • Authority to make treaties and to appoint Federal Officers

    • Directs national security affairs


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The Total Army

RESERVES

205K

NATIONAL GUARD

350K

ACTIVE

495K


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Active Component


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Army Reserve

  • Formed in 1908. After WW I, the National Defense Act of 1920 established the Organized Reserve Corps which includes both units and individuals.

  • The Army Reserve is not under state control.

  • Provides the bulk of combat service support (CSS), as well as some combat support (CS), for the Total Army.


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Army Reserve

  • Selected Reserve: Army Reserve Units, Individual Mobilization Augmentees, Active Guard/Reservists. Total strength about 204,500.

  • Individual Ready Reserve: Individuals who have completed active duty and reserve training requirements, or have left active duty recently and still have a reserve commitment. Total strength about 155,000.

  • Retired Reserve: Individuals who have completed 20 years of qualifying service for retirement. (Approx 693,300)


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Army National Guard

  • Lineage traced to militias formed during the French and Indian Wars in 1700s.

  • Provides, primarily, combat and combat support unit reinforcements, as well as some combat service support, for the active Army.

  • Provides combat reinforcement capability with 15 “enhanced readiness” brigades, trained and equipped to reinforce deployed AC forces within 90 days


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Enlisted Ranks

Enlisted Members (EMs)

No Rank

E-1 Private (PVT)

E-2Private (PV2)

E-3Private First Class (PFC)

E-4Specialist (SPC) or Corporal (CPL)


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Enlisted Ranks

Non-Commissioned Officers

E-5 Sergeant (SGT)

E-6Staff Sergeant (SSG)

E-7Sergeant First Class (SFC)


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Enlisted Ranks

Non-Commissioned Officers

E-8Master Sergeant or First Sergeant

(MSG) (1SG)

E-9Sergeant Major or Command Sergeant

(SGM) Major (CSM)

E-9 Special Sergeant Major of the Army


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Warrant Officers

W1 Warrant Officer

W2 Chief Warrant Officer 2

W3 Chief Warrant Officer 3

W4 Chief Warrant Officer 4

W5 Chief Warrant Officer 5


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Commissioned Officers

Company Grade

O-12nd Lieutenant (2LT)

O-2 1st Lieutenant (1LT)

O-3Captain (CPT)


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Commissioned Officers

Field Grade

O-4Major (MAJ)

O-5 Lieutenant Colonel (LTC)

O-6Colonel (COL)


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Commissioned Officers

General Officer

O-7Brigadier General (BG)

O-8 Major General (MG)

O-9Lieutenant General (LTG)

O-10General (GEN)


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Unit Structures


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Team

Team Leader

Rifleman

Automatic Rifleman

Grenadier


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Squad

Graphic Symbol

Squad Leader

Team Leader

Team Leader

Automatic Rifleman

Grenadier

Automatic Rifleman

Grenadier

Rifleman

Rifleman


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Platoon

Graphic Symbol

Platoon Leader

Platoon Sergeant

Squad Leader

Squad Leader

Squad Leader


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Company

Graphic Symbol

Company Commander

Executive Officer

First Sergeant

Platoon Leader

Platoon Leader

Platoon Leader

1st SQD

2nd SQD

1st SQD

2nd SQD

1st SQD

2nd SQD

3rd SQD

3rd SQD

3rd SQD


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Battalion

Graphic Symbol

Executive Officer

Battalion Commander

Command Sergeant Major

Operations Officer

Line Company Commander

Line Company Commander

Line Company Commander

Headquarters Company Commander


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Brigade

  • Commander normally a Colonel (O-6)

  • Two or more Battalions make up a Brigade

  • Are often organized in Brigade Combat Teams consisting of an Artillery BN, Engineer BN, and Forward Support BN in addition to organic manuever BNs

  • Graphic symbol (one X)

X

X

Mech Inf Bde

Mech Inf Bn

Mech Inf Bn

Armor Bn


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Divisions

  • Commander normally a Major General (O-8)

  • Each Division has C2, combat, combat service, combat service support units

  • 10 active duty Divisions in US Army

  • Five types of Divisions: Armored

    • Mechanized

    • Light Infantry

    • Airborne

    • Air Assault

  • graphic symbol (two Xs)

XX


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Active Divisions

CONUS

Armored

Air Assault

Light Infantry

1st Cavalry Div

Ft Hood, TX

1st Armored Div

Ft Riley , KS (1 Bde)

101st Airborne Div

Ft Campbell, KY

10th Mountain Div

Ft Drum, NY

25th Infantry Div

Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde)

Mechanized

Airborne

1st Infantry Div

Ft Riley, KS (1 Bde)

2nd Infantry Div

Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde)

4th Infantry Div

Ft Hood, TX

Ft Carson, CO

3rd Infantry Div

Ft Stewart, GA

Ft Benning, GA

82nd Airborne Div

Ft Bragg, NC


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Active Divisions

OCONUS

Armored

Light Infantry

25th Infantry Div

Schofield Barracks, HI

1st Armored Div

Bad Kreuznach, Germany

Mechanized

2nd Infantry Div

Camp Red Cloud, Korea

1st Infantry Div

Wurzburg, Germany


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Types of Branches of the US Army

1) Combat Arms:

involved in actual fighting

2) Combat Support:

provide operational assistance to combat arms to include combat missions as necessary

3) Combat Service Support:

provide logistical and administrative support to the army; personnel normally not directly involved in combat operations


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Combat Arms

Infantry

Corps of Engineers

Armor

Aviation

Air Defense Artillery

Field Artillery

Special Forces


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Combat Support

Military Police

Aviation

Corps of Engineers

Chemical Corps

Signal Corps

Military Intelligence


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Combat Service Support

Adjutant General Corps

Finance Corps

Ordnance Corps

Transportation Corps

Quartermaster Corps

Special Branches

JAG Corps

Medical Corps

Dental Corps

Nurse Corps

Veterinary Corps

Chaplain Corps


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Chain of Command Bottom Line

Division Commander

Brigade Commander

Battalion Commander

Company Commander

Platoon Leader

Squad Leader

Team Leader

Commander in Chief

Secretary of Defense

Secretary of the Army

Army Chief of Staff

Theater Commander

Army Group Commander

Corps Commander


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Summary

  • US MILITARY BRANCHES

  • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD

  • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE

  • ARMY DIVISIONS

  • ARMY BRANCHES


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Conclusion

QUESTIONS

OR

COMMENTS


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