Overcoming Frustration in Magnetism Gregory S. Boebinger , Florida State University, DMR 0654118 DC Field Facility User Program.
Frustrated triangular antiferromagnets are like three curmudgeons on election day who can’t decide how to vote: they are inclined to disagree with everyone around them but they can’t all simultaneously disagree with each other.
In these materials, the arrangement of the magnetic moments are known to produce a plateau at 1/3 of the maximum magnetization. Recent magnetic and thermal measurements have provided evidence for other stable arrangements of spins at higher fractions that were not expected.
Thermodynamic transitions in high fields
Phase diagram at high field, low temperature showing new states.
N. A. Fortune,S. T. Hannahs,Y. Yoshida,T. E. Sherline,T. Ono,
H. Tanaka,and Y. Takano, Phys. Rev. Lett.102,257201 (2009)
Proposed spin arrangements for the new “A” and “B” states discovered at ~ 20 T (left) and ~22 T (right)
This work was enabled by the development of unique instrumentation: a rotating calorimeter that operates at millikelvintemperatures. Developed as a Magnet Lab collaboration with Smith College, a liberal arts college for women, this instrument has made a whole new class of measurements on low-dimensional magnetic systems accessible to the users of the NHMFL.
The project trained students at all levels: from introducing undergraduates to data collection and analysis, to graduate students and postdocs who have gone on to other research institutions in the United States and Europe.
This work was international in its conception bringing samples from Japan, techniques from NHMFL in Tallahassee, and expertise from UF and Smith College.
cell for measuring heat capacity
in mechanical rotator designed for millikelvin temperatures