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SSUSH3. The student will explain the primary causes of the American Revolution. SSUSH3 (a). Explain how the end of Anglo-French imperial competition as seen in the French and Indian War and the 1763 Treaty of Paris laid the groundwork for the American Revolution. French & Indian War.

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The student will explain the primary causes of the american revolution

SSUSH3

The student will explain the primary causes of the American Revolution.


Ssush3 a
SSUSH3 (a)

  • Explain how the end of Anglo-French imperial competition as seen in the French and Indian War and the 1763 Treaty of Paris laid the groundwork for the American Revolution.


French & Indian War

Q: Who were the groups fighting in the French & Indian War?

A: The French and Allies VS. The British and Allies.


  • France & Great Britain

  • fought over control of

  • the Ohio River Valley

  • and Canada.

  • Native Americans who feared

  • British expansion into the O.R.V

  • allied with the French.

  • The Iroquois Nation allied with the

  • British.


French and indian war
French and Indian War

  • A European war that spread to America in 1754: British and French began fighting over the Ohio River Valley (transportation, farming, and fur)


  • British victory over the French in North America enlarged the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • Tensions arose because …

  • Britain needed $ to pay for war debt and planned to tax colonists

  • Stationing of British troops in colonies

  • Enforcement of laws affecting colonies


Treaty of paris 1763
Treaty of Paris 1763 the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • Officially ended French & Indian War

  • Great Britain claimed all of North America east of Mississippi River

  • Including Florida (which Britain had acquired from Spain, an ally of France)

  • Spain gained French lands west of Mississippi, including New Orleans


Ssush 3 b
SSUSH 3 b the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • Explain colonial response to such British actions as the Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, and the Intolerable Acts as seen in Sons and Daughters of Liberty and Committees of Correspondence


French and indian war1
French and Indian War the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

The British issue the

Proclamation of 1763 which

prohibited colonist from

crossing the Appalachian

Mountains in an attempt to

keep peace with western

Indian tribes. The British did

not want to have to put the

resources into protecting

western colonial farmers.

Why would this policy upset some colonist?


Colonial response to the british actions
Colonial Response to the British Actions the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • Britain’s American colonists believed the king & Parliament were violating their rights as Englishmen.

  • Among the rights they felt were being violated were protection from taxation without representation, the right to a trial by a jury of their peers, protection from searches without warrants, & protection from having troops quartered on their property.

  • Parliamentary actions to tax the colonists or to enforce the tax laws provoked a negative reaction from the colonists that eventually led to open rebellion.


Stamp act
Stamp Act the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • March 1765

  • Increased tensions when Parliament passed laws aimed at colonists

  • Act required purchase of special stamp for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, and almanac

  • Special “stamp” duties on playing cards and dice

  • Hit colonists in the “pocketbook”

  • Colonial Response: Secret resistance group called “Sons of Liberty” organized by Samuel Adams


Stirrings of rebellion

The Boston Massacre the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

March 5, 1770

Crispus Attucks

Stirrings of Rebellion


The Boston Massacre the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.


Boston Tea Party the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.(1773)


Colonial response to the british actions1
Colonial Response to the the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.British Actions

  • Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts) (1774): Laws intended to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. Massachusetts was where the majority of the boycotts against the British were taking place. The Intolerable Acts:

    • Shut down the port of Boston

    • Limited colonial voting rights

    • Limited the power of colonial courts

    • Forced the colony to house British soldiers

    • Placed a military governor over Massachusetts

  • Colonists called for the First Continental Congress to protest these actions & formed colonial militias to resist enforcement of these acts.


Sons and daughters of liberty
Sons and Daughters of Liberty the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • Men & women colonists who organized resistance to British control and laws prior to and during the American Revolution

  • Key Figure: Samuel Adams

  • Became encouragement to colonial assemblies to also make a strong collective protest against British control


Colonial response to the british actions2
Colonial Response to the the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.British Actions

  • Much of the planning for the First Continental Congress was carried out by committees of correspondence.

  • These committees were formed because American patriots could not communicate publicly.

  • One committee would exchange written communications with another committee within or between the colonies.

  • Committees of correspondence were the first organization linking the colonies in their opposition to British rule.


Ssush 3 c
SSUSH 3 c the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • Explain the importance of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense to the movement for independence.


Thomas Paine the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.: Common Sense


Thomas paine s common sense
Thomas Paine’s the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.Common Sense

  • Published in 1776 by patriot Thomas Paine

  • A persuasive pamphlet which blamed King George III and not Parliament for punishing the colonies

  • Paine declared that the time had come for the colonies to declare independence

    from England

  • Sold nearly 500,000 copies

  • Helped to persuade the Continental

    Congress to issue the Declaration

    of Independence (July 4, 1776)


Common sense
Common Sense the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • Attack on King George III

  • Paine declared the time had come for the colonists to proclaim an independent republic

  • It was America’s “destiny”

  • Independence would give America a better society … “free from tyranny.”

  • Does not “make sense” for tiny island to govern entire North America


Ssush 3 essential questions
SSUSH 3 – Essential Questions the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.

  • What were the primary causes of the American Revolution?

  • How might it have changed things if the colonial British had headed Benjamin Franklin’s warning?

  • Why was the French & Indian War fought?

  • What were the terms created by the Treaty of Paris?

  • What were the colonial responses to British actions such as the Proclamation Act of 1763, Stamp Act, & Intolerable Acts?

  • What was the importance of T.Paine’s Common Sense?


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