Who Wrote the Pentateuch?. Was Moses the Author?. By the time the First Testament was canonized (AFTER the beginning of the Christian movement), it was generally held that Moses was the author of all five books of the Torah.
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anachronisms and contrasting doublets
There are a number of anachronisms:
Heavens and earth (heaven focused)
Creates by speaking
Follows a blueprint
Earth and heavens (earth focused)
Works with hands, breath
Animals (possible spouses!)
Splits human into male/femaleGenesis 1-2 seems to have two versions of creation, with different names for God and a different order of events.
One pair of every animal
Noah/family enter ark on the same day the flood begins
Flood lasts 150 days
Sorry about creating humans
Seven pairs of all clean animals/birds; one pair of all unclean animals
Noah/family enter ark seven days before the flood begins
Flood lasts 40 daysGenesis 6-8 seems to interweave two flood stories which make perfect sense, but don’t match, when separated by the name used for God.
A pillar of cloud stands between Israel & the Egyptians
Sea pushed back from shore by a wind
Egyptians thrown into panic
Egyptians flee onto dry seabed & are drowned when the sea returns
Israelites permitted to leave
Pharaoh’s & Egyptians’ minds are changed
Angel of Elohim stands between Israel and the Egyptians
Nothing happens to the sea.
Angel clogs Egyptians’ chariot wheels; they can’t pursue (but are not killed)
There seem to be actually three versions of the crossing of “The Red Sea” (Yam Suf), which hang more or less together when separated (Exodus 13:17-14:31)
The different names of God in contrasting doublets were the starting point for the hypothesis. But the most compelling case comes from the convergence of other patterns which were later noticed.
When we try separating contrasting doublets: