The Perspective of Technology Education The Second International Symposium on Educational Cooperation for Industrial Technology Education Kariya City, Japan Presenter: William E. Dugger, Jr. Senior Fellow International Technology Education Association (ITEA) & Emeritus Professor
The Perspective of TechnologyEducation
The Second International Symposium on Educational Cooperation for Industrial Technology Education
Kariya City, Japan
William E. Dugger, Jr.
International Technology Education Association (ITEA)
In 2001 and 2004, The International Technology Education Association (ITEA) conducted polls which were done by the Gallup Organization on how Americans think about technology.
In both polls, a majority of Americans (62% in 2004 and 59% in 2001) responded that science and technology are basically one and the same thing.
When asked how important it is for high school students to understand the relationship between science and technology, 98% of the Americans stated that they thought that this was “very or somewhat important”.
Most Americans (68% in 2004 & 67% in 2001) view technology very narrowly as being computers, electronics, and the internet.
There was near total consensus (98% in 2004 & 97% in 2001) in the public sampled that schools should include the study of technology in the curriculum.
What is Science?
What is Technology?
Science seeks to understand the natural world.
National Science Education Standards, National Research Council, 1996.
Deals with the natural world.
Is very concerned with what is(exists) in the natural world. (i.e.: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy, Geology, etc.)
Deals with how humans modify, change, alter, or control the natural world.
Is very concerned with what can or should be designed, made, or developed from natural world materials and substances to satisfy human needs and wants
Is concerned with processes that seek out the meaning of the natural world by “inquiry”,“discovering what is”, “exploring”, and using“the Scientific Method”.
Is concerned with such processes that we use to alter/change the natural world such as “Invention”, Innovation”, Practical Problem Solving, and Design.
While technology and science have a common denominator being the natural world, they are similar yet very different.
Technology is not any more “applied science” than science is “applied technology”.
This is the school subject specifically designed to teach children about the broad field of technology.
Technology Education (the study of technology) should NOT be confused with Information Technology or Educational (or instructional) Technology!
Technological literacy is the ability to use, manage, evaluate, and understand technology.Technology Literacy for All: A Rationale and Study for the Study of Technology (2006)
One that understands:
Technological literacy involves:
Much more than a knowledge about computers and digital electronics.
Gaining a degree of knowledge about the nature, behavior, power, and consequences of technology from a real world perspective.
There is a growing movement in the U. S. to teach the integrative subjects of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM).
So how do we educate our citizens to be technologically literate?
What Content should be taught in the study of technology that will provide technological literacy for all students?
Standards for Technological Literacy (STL)(ITEA, 2000,2002/2007) presents the content for what every student should know and be able to do in order to be technologically literate.
Benchmarks in STL are specific requirements or enablers for each grade level (K-2, 3-5, 6-8, & 9-12) that identify what needs to be done in order to meet a given standard.
A Sample Standard & Benchmark
Students will develop abilities to apply a design process.
Grades K-2 Benchmark in Standard 11: Build or construct an object using a design process.
The power and promise of technology can be further enhanced through the study of technology to assure that all people are technologically literate in the future.
William E. Dugger, Jr.
Senior Fellow and Former Director
Technology for All Americans Project
International Technology Education Association
A copy of this presentation can be downloaded by going to:http://www.iteaconnect.org/Resources/PressRoom/JapanSymposium08.ppt