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Sustainability Aspects of Brownfields and Greenfields. AIChE Sustainable Engineering Forum. Presenter J. Andrew Irwin, PE, LSP, CPEA, AIChE Fellow IRWIN Engineers, Inc. Natick, MA (508) 653-8007 x12 www.irwinengineers.com. Background information.

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Sustainability aspects of brownfields and greenfields

Sustainability Aspects of Brownfields and Greenfields

AIChE Sustainable

Engineering Forum


Presenter

J. Andrew Irwin, PE, LSP, CPEA, AIChE Fellow

IRWIN Engineers, Inc.

Natick, MA

(508) 653-8007 x12

www.irwinengineers.com


Background information
Background information

  • Past AIChE efforts related to Greenfields and Brownfields

  • Need for decision tools – based on Sustainability

  • Total Cost Assessment tool and site selection costs

  • “Land use” Sustainability Metric

  • CWRT project teams

  • Value of Environmental Insurance

  • Siteing Urban Plants


Background information1
Background information

What is a Brownfield (vs. Greenfields and Greyfields)?

Some limit the definition of greyfields to enclosed, climate-controlled shopping centers that contain at least 400,000 square feet of retail space.

Others consider strip centers, power centers (a center once dominated by a few large anchors like Kmart or Walmart), even neighborhood centers that serve smaller geographic units usually anchored by a grocery store to be greyfields.

http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/index.html

Greyfields are old, obsolete and abandoned retail and commercial sites.


Cost issues related to brownfield redevelopment
Cost Issues Related to Brownfield Redevelopment

  • Investigation

  • Remedy Implementation

  • Design

  • Time

  • Perception

  • Financing and Insurance


Dealing with demolition and construction debris
Dealing with Demolition and Construction Debris

  • Disposal Restrictions

  • Opportunities for Recovery/Reuse

    http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/sqg/const/cdrpt.pdf


Smart growth policies
Smart Growth Policies

  • Economic Revitalization

  • Existing Infrastructure

  • Eliminating “blight”

  • Avoidance of Sprawl

    The Limitless City, A Primer on the Urban Sprawl Debate by Oliver Gillham, Island Press, 2002.


Identifying brownfields
Identifying Brownfields

“All Appropriate Inquiry “ 40 CFR 312

Final Rule Nov. 1, 2005

http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-WASTE/2005/November/Day-01/f21455.pdf


Identifying brownfields1
Identifying Brownfields

ASTM Standard Practice E1527-05

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment

  • Professional Qualification

  • Specific Inquiry

  • Shelf Life – 180 days prior to acquisition

    http://www.astm.org


Role of insurance in brownfield redevelopment
Role of Insurance in Brownfield Redevelopment

  • Pollution Legal Liability

  • Stop Loss or “Cap” Coverage


Application to land at the edge of cities and towns
Application to Land at the Edge of Cities and Towns

Municipal experience with high maintenance costs of growth and development teaches a telling lesson.

County, township or city now has many new streets to maintain and more homes for which to provide garbage, emergency and utility services.

These costs may pale in comparison to the taxes required to support a growing school system.


Greyfields and infill
Greyfields and Infill

  • Infrastructure

  • Transportation

  • Highest & Best Use


Looking at brownfields from a community perspective
Looking at Brownfields from a Community Perspective

  • State Government

    • Liability Covenants

    • Funding Programs

  • Cities & Towns

    • Incentives

    • Restored Income

  • Lenders


Brownfields and historic preservation
Brownfields and Historic Preservation

  • Community Incentives for Preservation

  • Restoration/Vitalization


Casting brownfields in the proper light
Casting Brownfields in the “Proper” Light

  • Every obstacle can be approached as an opportunity

  • Confidence of Public Health & Safety

  • Achieving the “win/win” solution


Importance of location
Importance of Location

  • The three principles of real estate

    • Location, location, location


Involving the public in decision making
Involving the Public in Decision-Making

Many public organizations, both federal and state, as well as nonprofits, have obligations to involve the public and encouraging community participation. This may be part of their agency mission statement or mandate as a public agency. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) -- January 1, 1970 – is regarded as initiating and mandating citizen involvement in environmental issues and decisions.


Questions and discussion
Questions and Discussion

Past AIChE efforts related to Greenfields and Brownfields

What Brownfields vs. Greenfields and Greyfields

Cost Issues Related to Brownfield Redevelopment

Smart Growth Policies

Identifying Brownfields

Role of Insurance in Brownfield Redevelopment

Application to Land at the Edge of Cities and Towns

Dealing with Demolition and Construction Debris

Brownfields and Historic Preservation

Looking at Brownfields from a Community Perspective (including lenders), Casting Brownfields in the "Proper" Light, importance of Location, Involving the Public in Decision-Making


Discussion of resources
Discussion of Resources

  • Websites

  • USEPA materials

  • Professional Organizations

  • Posting on SEF and AIChE websites


Closure
Closure

Discussion of this means of SEF Virtual Meetings

Upcoming SEF Meetings

Thank you!


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