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Windows XP Professional For Questions... Click on the links below [email protected] For many resources on XP and 2000 http://mywebpages.comcast.net/mcsepmp http://mywebpages.comcast.net/mcsepmp/2272.htm

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for questions
For Questions...
  • Click on the links below

[email protected]

For many resources on XP and 2000http://mywebpages.comcast.net/mcsepmp

http://mywebpages.comcast.net/mcsepmp/2272.htm

slide3

Where do you want to go?XP Overview and Top 10 featuresModule 3 Hardware AddendumVideo FlashCards to Review ModuleTopics Not Covered in Class …Finale

Click on the House icon to return to this page ->

home addition
Home addition
  • Not a managed OS
  • Each interactive user assumed to be a member of the owners local group
    • This give admin privileges system wide
  • No backup Operators, Account Operators, and Replicator groups
  • No hidden shares, C$, D$
  • No backup utility –optional on the CD
pro edition
Pro Edition
  • Remote Desktop
    • Remote assistance is included in both additions
  • Two processor support
  • ASR –Automated System Recovery
  • Dynamic disk support
  • Fax
  • IIS- Internet Information Services (web)
pro edition7
Pro Edition
  • EFS
  • File level access control
  • Group Policy Support
  • Able to join a 2000 domain
  • Intellimirror
    • RIS, SW installation, self annealing apps
  • Roaming Profiles
pro edition8
Pro Edition
  • Multi-language Support
  • Sysprep support
  • 64 bit edition to ship for ITANIUM
  • IPSEC
  • SNMP
  • SAP agent
  • CSNW + Print Services for UNIX
pro edition9
Pro Edition
  • Network Monitor driver
  • Guest account disabled by default
    • Enabled on Home
  • Client Side Caching (Offline Folders)
    • encrypted…and can encrypt Offline files database
    • Can be Admin tools on menu
  • Security Configuration and Analysis and Security Template files
  • Blank Password Restriction
    • No password, local access only, no Runas
    • Doesn’t apply to domain or guest accounts
pro edition10
Pro Edition
  • Location aware Group Policy in ICS/ICF
    • When a Windows XP Professional computer is a member of a domain, the domain administrator can enable a group policy preventing the use of Internet Connection Sharing on the corporate network. When you bring your computer home Internet Connection Sharing is available because the policy does not pertain to your home network
  • Software Restriction Policies
    • Through GPEDIT.msc or GPO’s. The default rule can be set to unrestricted or disallowed—essentially "run" or "don’t run." Setting the default rule to "unrestricted" enables an administrator to define exceptions that are just the set of programs that are forbidden to run. A more secure approach involves setting the default rule to disallowed, and specifying only the programs that are known and trusted to run.
9 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 9 Answer
  • Can share encrypted files
8 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 8 Answer!
  • Defragmentation
    • Can now schedule it from cmd
    • Now supported for encrypted files
7 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 7 Answer!
  • Network adapter “repair” option
    • which does an ipconfig /release, /renew, /flushdns, /registerdns, nbtstat –RR, and flushes ARP cache
6 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 6 Answer!
  • Internet Connection Firewall (ICF)
4 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 4 Answer!
  • Alternate IP address
3 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 3 Answer!
  • Application Compatibility
2 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 2 Answer!
  • Remote Assistance & Remote Desktop
1 answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 1 Answer!
  • System Restore & ASR
1 bonus answer

Windows XP Top Ten

# 1 Bonus Answer!
  • How to learn “How to do” any of these?
    • It’s as easy as F1!
other features at a glance
Other features at a glance
  • Internet Connection Firewall (ICF)
  • Bridging of Network Connections and Peripheral Devices
    • Ethernet (10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, and Gigabit Ethernet).
    • IEEE 802.11b wireless (also known as Wi-Fi).
    • Phoneline-based connections.
  • Additionally, the Network Bridge supports connections using IEEE 1394.
  • Text-to-speech
  • Dualview monitors
  • MSConfig is back
  • Diskpart.exe and fsutil cmd disk mgmt
  • RSOP mmc snap-in replaces gpresult.exe
more features
More features
  • Task Manager – Network Statistics
  • Fast User Switching – Workgroup Mode only
  • IPv6 – to install type ‘ipv6 install’
  • Image files can be viewed as slideshows
  • CD Burning software
  • Internet Time Sync
  • Gpupdate.exe replaces ‘secedit /refreshpolicy’
even more
Even more
  • Integrated Windows Messenger
  • Faster Boot-up (30 secs or less)
  • Windows Driver Protection
  • Multilingual Support
  • User State Migration
slide26
Side by side dll’s
    • Windows XP allows Win32 components and applications to use the exact version of Microsoft components with which they are tested without being affected by other application or operating system updates. It does this by relying on XML files that contain metadata about application configuration such as COM classes, interfaces, and type libraries.
slide27
Kernel Enhancements (Over W2K)
    • Can backup any size file on any size partition
      • Previous paged pool limitation of 470MB
    • Larger Device Drivers (960MB vs 220 vs 100) for XP, 2000, and NT respectively
    • No Hardcoded registry limit (376MB prev)
    • Serial and Networking device drivers initialize in parallel
      • Results in faster system and application startup; logon
    • Faster Hibernate and Resume
    • 64 bit virtual address space 16EB total;7152GB for user space (vs 2GB/2GB)
2272 review

2272 Review

Class Link to resources

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

modules 1 2 installation and automation
Modules 1 & 2Installation and Automation

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

what is the switch to run with winnt32 exe to get a compatibility report
What is the switch to run with winnt32.exe to get a compatibility report?

/checkupgradeonly

why would you install xp on fat fat32
Why would you install XP on FAT/FAT32?

Dual Boot

To get the uninstall option

what is the command to convert a fat drive to ntfs after an installation while preserving data
What is the command to convert a FAT drive to NTFS after an installation while preserving data?

Convert.exe

how do you upgrade winnt 3 51 to xp
How do you upgrade Winnt 3.51 to XP.

Upgrade to 4.0 sp5, then to XP

what tool is used to transfer migrating user settings from the gui
What tool is used to transfer migrating user settings from the GUI?

FAST

File and Settings Transfer Wizard

what are the two primary switches used with usmt
What are the two primary switches used with USMT?

Scanstate

Loadstate

…/I means “include”

which utility would be best to migrate several users settings
Which utility would be best to migrate several users’ settings?

USMT

User State Migration Tool

This can be put into a batch file

within what time frame must xp be activated
Within what time frame must XP be activated?

30 days

14 days for trial versions

Note:Volume License Key eliminated the need to do this

what is the main reason why an installation would fail to connect to a domain controller
What is the main reason why an installation would fail to connect to a domain controller?

DNS records or connectivity

The SRV service locator records in DNS help clients locate DC’s

what utility is used to prepare the hard disk for 3 rd party disk duplication
What utility is used to prepare the Hard Disk for 3rd party disk duplication?

SYSPREP.exe

Check out this link for exam switches

what 3 services must be in place before ris can become functional
What 3 services must be in place before RIS can become functional?

Active Directory

DNS

DHCP

Also, DHCP and the RIS server must both be authorized (by an enterprise admin)

what utility can be used if ris clients are not pxe compatible
What utility can be used if RIS clients are not PXE compatible?

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

Rbfg.exe

Remote Boot Floppy Generator

End part 1

modules 3 4 configuring hardware disks
Modules 3 &4Configuring Hardware & Disks

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

with multiple monitors where does the start menu default to
With multiple monitors, where does the start menu default to?

The Primary Monitor

Could be on the left or right

Select “Use this device as the primary monitor” box

what is the minimum permission required to install local printers
What is the minimum permission required to install local printers?

Power Users Group

This group can create users, group and shares

what gui utility can be used to scan your system to check for unsigned files
What GUI utility can be used to scan your system to check for unsigned files?

Sigverif

This can also be found in msinfo32 or winmsd

what new feature in xp allows you to reinstall the last device driver that went bad
What new feature in XP allows you to reinstall the last device driver that went bad?

Driver Rollback

what types of devices are designed to be removed while the system is turned on
What types of devices are designed to be removed while the system is turned on?

USB

Firewire

PC Card

CardBus

what cmd line tool can be used to manage the file system
What cmd-line tool can be used to manage the file system?

Diskpart

And also fsutil …know this for exams

slide58
If you add a new disk to your system and it does not appear in Disk Management, what option should you select?

RESCAN

where are dynamic disks not supported
Where are dynamic disks not supported?

Laptops

Removable Storage

USB or Firewire drives

if the status of a disk is foreign what option would you select from the menu
If the status of a disk is Foreign, what option would you select from the menu?

Import Foreign Disk

what is required before you can extend a volume
What is required before you can extend a volume?

NTFS

The disk must have be created new in XP as dynamic I.e. if the volume existed previously and the OS had been upgraded, it cannot be extended

if a disk status is marked as missing or offline what option do you select from the menu
If a disk status is marked as Missing or Offline, what option do you select from the menu?

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

Reactivate Volume

This typically happens because of power interruption, disconnection, or corruption and the disk cannot be accessed

End part 2

modules 5 6
Modules 5 & 6

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

File System and Boot Process

in the event of a startup failure what are 2 options to get into the file system
In the event of a startup failure, what are 2 options to get into the file system?

Safe Mode

Recovery Console

what is the one rule of thumb to remember about copying and moving compressed files and folders
What is the one rule of thumb to remember about Copying and Moving compressed files and folders?

Moving within the same partition retains the attribute

what are three ways to protect efs across a network
What are three ways to protect EFS across a network?
  • Use IPSec
  • Use WebDAV
  • Remote Desktop or Terminal Services
on an xp box by default who else can open an encrypted file
On an XP box, by default, who else can open an encrypted file?

Nobody

Data Recovery Agents are optional and must be added

when do you use lastknowngood configuration
When do you use LastKnownGood Configuration?

After installing a new device and the system stops responding

Note: if you log into safe mode first, this will not reset the LKG config

what option do you use to restore the os to a previous point without losing user data
What option do you use to restore the OS to a previous point without losing user data?

System Restore

neither the os nor lastknowngood will start which recovery solution do you use
Neither the OS nor LastKnownGood will start. Which recovery solution do you use?

Automated System Recovery

End part 3

slide74

Modules 7 & 8

Desktop Environment

TCP/IP and resolution

what are the 4 types of profiles
What are the 4 types of profiles?

Default User

Local user

Roaming user

Mandatory Roaming

what is the order of how policies are applied
What is the order of how Policies are applied?

Local

Site

Domain

OU..ou…ou

If a conflict, last writer wins

what are three methods to establish a remote assistance session
What are three methods to establish a Remote Assistance session?

MSN Messenger

Email

Shared file

if dhcp is unavailable for a client what option will the client look for first
If DHCP is unavailable for a client, what option will the client look for first?

Alternate IP config

Then APIPA

(Automatic Private IP Configuration) in the range of 169.254.0.1-169.254.255.254

what are some examples of when netbios names are used
What are some examples of when NetBIOS names are used?

UNC paths…\\servername\share

Net Commands

what is a multihomed computer
What is a multihomed computer?

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

Has more than one NIC

modules 9 10
Modules 9 & 10

Goto Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4

XP in MS Networks

Supporting Remote Users

which snap in is used for configuring account policies
Which snap-in is used for Configuring Account Policies?

Group Policy

Note: this replaces poledit

Don’t mix them!

what protocol provides dynamic multilinking i e drops unneeded links
What protocol provides dynamic multilinking i.e. drops unneeded links?

BAP

Bandwidth Allocation Protocol

overview
Overview
  • Hardware and Device Features in Windows XP
    • Windows Image Acquisition
    • Display
    • CD Writing
    • USB/IEE1394
    • Power Management
windows image acquisition
Windows Image Acquisition
  • Windows Explorer Extensions
    • WIA devices added to My Computer
    • Thumbnail Generation
    • Scanner and Camera Wizard
  • WIA Enabled Software
    • Microsoft Paint – adds From Scanner or Camera in File menu
  • Device Support
    • Scanners
    • Still Camers
    • Digital Video Cameras
xp and wia

MS Paint

Capture Pictures from Video

Control Panel

With Supported Camera

XP and WIA
display
Display
  • High Resolution Monitor Support
    • Support for up to 200 Dots Per Inch
  • Dual View
    • Multi-monitor Support for Video cards with Multiplle connectors (eg ATI Radeon, Matrox G400)
  • Clear Type
    • Sub-pixel rendering for improved readability of text on LCD Screens
  • General improvements in the Display Process
clear type in action
Clear Type In Action

Standard

Clear Type

Squint and look at the difference

cd writing
CD Writing
  • Image Mastering API (IMAPI) built in
  • Support for Jolient and Redbook
  • Drag and Drop CD burning
  • No support for session closing
  • No ISO burning (but there is a cool power toy!)
usb iee1394
USB/IEE1394
  • USB 1.1
    • USB 2.0 will come ‘later’
  • IEEE 1394
    • Shipped with Windows 2000
    • Better device support
    • IP over Firewire supported
power management
Power Management
  • XP Native Processor Performance Control
    • Takes advantage of latest CPUs (eg Intel Speedstep)
  • On-Now
    • Ensures that PCs are accessible when needed
    • Silent otherwise
    • Cardbus Wake-up on Lan
    • Wake up(from standby) on Low Battery
  • Improved boot/resume performance
  • LCD Dimming on battery power
  • Selective Suspend of USB ports
hardware review
Hardware Review
  • Hardware and Device Features in Windows XP
    • Windows Image Acquisition
    • Display
    • CD Writing
    • USB/IEEE 1394
    • Power Management
shortcuts to most commonly used admin tools straight to the snap ins
Shortcuts to most commonly used ADMIN Tools (straight to the snap-ins!)
  • Compmgmt.msc Computer Management
  • Diskmgmt.msc Disk Managament
  • Devmgmt.msc Device Manager
  • Dfrg.msc Defragment
  • Eventvwr.msc Event viewer
  • Fsmgmt.msc File Management – Shares wizard
shortcuts to most commonly used admin tools straight to the snap ins108
Shortcuts to most commonly used ADMIN Tools (straight to the snap-ins!)
  • Gpedit.msc Group Policy
  • Lusrmgr.msc Local Users and Groups
  • Rsop.msc Resultant Set of policies
  • Secpol.msc Local Security Policies
  • Services.msc Services Snap-in
dynamic update
Dynamic Update
  • Downloads two types of files
    • Device Drivers & Replacement system files
  • Switches used with winnt32.exe
    • /dudisable
    • /duprepare:pathname copy du files to share
    • /duashare:pathname pts to share previously used
windows product activation
Windows Product Activation
  • Can activate from cmd by
    • oobe /msoobe /a
  • If you don’t change NIC
    • Can change 5 HW items w/o re-activating
  • If you change NIC or don’t have one
    • Can change 3 HW items
  • MS allows up to 4 activations per year for people who tinker
  • Uses ports 80 and 443
system restore
System Restore
  • Registry settings
    • See p. 48 cramsession
  • By default..is deleted @90 days
  • Automatic restore @24 hours..can change
topics not covered

TOPICS NOT COVERED

Secpol.msc vs. gpedit.msc,

Gpupdate (replaces Secedit /refreshpolicy) & Gpresult

Rsop.msc

Csript and wscript

Sysedit, msconfig, and bootcfg

SYSPREP 2.0

How to undo taskbar grouping

slide113

TOPICS NOT COVERED

  • Dualview
  • Auditing
  • Share and NTFS rules
  • Effective Permissions
  • Remote Desktop for Active Directory add-on
  • Adminpak.msi for XP
  • Remote Desktop Connection Software for other clients
topics not covered114

TOPICS NOT COVERED

Cleartype

Repair option

SYSKEY

HFNETCHKNetwork Security Hotfix Checker

Automating the Creation of Computer Accounts

How to reset TCP/IP…it can’t be Uninstalled!

How to enable IP forwarding!

slide115

Windows XP Command-Line Program

  • Results of Command Line Tool Analysis
  • Approximately 180 tasks defined by category (user management, disk management, …)
  • Approximately 80 tools existed for 100 of the 180 tasks
  • Over 40 command-line tools needed to cover remaining 80 tasks without tools
  • 11 tools needed to be migrated from the resource kit into the box
  • Total of 48 tools added to Windows XP
  • Better documentation needed for all
slide116

Command Line Standards

  • Consistent, standard syntax with /? help
  • Run under Telnet and Terminal Services
  • Leverage WMI providers whenever possible
  • Remote machine ( \\UNC) management capability
  • Allow alternate credentials on remote connections
  • Most are useable via batch or WSH programming
command line support
Command Line Support
  • Schtasks replaces “At” command
  • Shutdown
  • Prn*.vbs Printing Scrips
    • Prncnfg.vbs get and set configuration
    • Prndrvr .vbs add, delete, and list drivers
    • Prnjobs .vbs pause, resume, and cancel jobs
    • Prnmngr .vbs add, delete, list printers and set default
    • Prnport .vbs add, delete, list port configuration
    • prnqctl .vbs pause, resume, purge printer + test page
more command tools
More command tools
  • Netsh
  • Fsutil
  • Tasklist
  • Systeminfo
  • Driverquery
  • Reg.exe
  • Bootcfg
iis script tools
IIS script tools
  • IIS*.vbs
    • Iisback.vbs Backup/restore iis config
    • Iiscnfg.vbs Import/Export iis config
    • Iisftp.vbs Create, start, stop, pause, delete, query ftp site
    • Iisftpdr Create, delete, query FTP virtual site
    • Iisweb.vbs Create, Start, Stop, query a web site
    • Iissvdir.vbs Create, Delete, Query virtual directory
slide120

Windows XP Support Tools Directory

  • Key Tools available in Support Tools (not all)
    • Activate.exe – Bulk product licensing / rollout tool
    • Addiag.exe – Active Directory diagnostics
    • Dnscmd.exe – DNS server management
    • Filever.exe – Displays file version information
    • Ldp.exe – LDAP query tool, any Active Dir. object
    • Netdiag.exe – Network and security diagnostics
    • Netdom.exe – Domain management tool
    • Nltest.exe – Network logon diagnostics
    • Pviewer.exe – GUI-based process inspection tool
    • Repadmin.exe – Replication diagnostics
    • Replmon.exe – Replication monitoring tool
    • Xcalcs.exe – Extended ACL management
slide121

New CMD overview documentation in A-Z list

    • Type c:\>HH ntcmds.chm to get there fast
    • New Windows XP Resource Kit book will contain extensive chapter on batch file capabilities
  • If you need UNIX shell-type features use the Services for UNIX product
    • Many shells (korn and so on)
    • Many utilities (awk, grep, and so on)
    • Allows UNIX shell scripts to run on Windows

http://www.microsoft.com/WINDOWS2000/sfu/default.asp

powertoys
PowerToys
  • Open cmd window here
    • This PowerToy adds an "Open Command Window Here" context menu option on file system folders, giving you a quick way to open a command window (cmd.exe) pointing at the selected folder.
  • Alt-Tab Replacement
    • With this PowerToy, in addition to seeing the icon of the application window you are switching to, you will also see a preview of the page. This helps particularly when multiple sessions of an application are open. Open cmd window here
  • Tweak UI
    • This PowerToy gives you access to system settings that are not exposed in the Windows XP default user interface, including mouse settings, Explorer settings, taskbar settings, and more.
powertoys124
PowerToys
  • Power Calculator
    • With this PowerToy you can graph and evaluate functions as well as perform many different types of conversions.
  • Image Resizer
    • This PowerToy enables you to resize one or many image files with a right-click.
  • CD Slide Show Generator
    • With this PowerToy you can view images burned to a CD as a slide show. The Generator works downlevel on Windows 9x machines as well.
  • Virtual Desktop Manager
    • Manage up to four desktops from the Windows taskbar with this PowerToy.
powertoys125
PowerToys
  • Taskbar Magnifier
    • Use this PowerToy to magnify part of the screen from the taskbar. Image Resizer
  • HTML Slide Show Wizard
    • This wizard helps you create an HTML slide show of your digital pictures, ready to place on your Web site.
  • Webcam Timershot
    • This PowerToy lets you take pictures at specified time intervals from a Webcam connected to your computer and save them to a location that you designate.
messenger resources
Messenger Resources
  • How to Use Messenger
  • MSN messenger Help
  • Windows Messenger Support Center
  • Windows Messenger update for XP
  • Installing messenger add-ins
  • Known Issues
  • How to prevent messenger from running in XP
  • Inside Messenger…How it communicates
  • Exchange 2000 Instant Messaging Setup
  • Common Solutions to Messenger Account Logon Problems
xtra web resources
Xtra Web Resources

http://mywebpages.comcast.net/mcsepmp

http://mywebpages.comcast.net/mcsepmp/2272.htm

  • http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp
  • http://www.reskit.com
  • http://msdn.microsoft.com/scripting/
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