靜宜大學 生態研究所 碩士班 自然保育學 the integration of conservation science and policy 鄭先祐 (Ayo) 國立 臺南大學 環境與生態學院 生態科學與技術學系 教授 [email protected] Introduction
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Our challenge today is not about convincing our colleagues that there is a biodiversity crisis, rather it is about making science an integral part of how we solve that crisis at local, state, federal, and international levels.
To do this, conservationists must actively work to make conservation science a central component of environmental decision, policies, and laws.
Scientific disagreements are not understood or even seen as helpful by decision-makers.
A translational scientist in the policy arena (競技場) must help policy analysts sift (過濾) through issues of incomplete data and conflicting results in ways that enable a robust(健全的) understanding of the science, and that help individuals and groups make consequential environmental decisions, not inhibit them.
Conservation scientists must equally protect against the misuse of science when battle lines have been drawn in an environmental dispute and the science is being used by one side as justification for their actions.
Conservation scientists can ensure the science influences the decision, and their information can help parties identify the range of acceptable decisions.
A decision will be made regardless of the quality and quantity of available information, and if scientists exclude themselves from the debate, conservation policies will be made without them.
As with all humans, we are influenced in everything that we do by our larger world-view.
Policymakers and the public respond to scientific information differently
Conservation scientists evaluate a scientific study based on its questions, methods, and conclusions. The public—including policymakers– used a wider set of evaluation criteria when deciding whether or not to accept scientific information.
This has been true across public lands in the US most of which are explicitly managed for multiple uses, and which cover extensive areas in the West.
There is undoubtedly an argument to be made that science is objective, and to maintain that objectivity scientists should not be in the fray(磨損) when economics, politics, and social factors are being debated.
Unless, as a conservation biologist, you are content to leave the final decisions to others, you have to be prepared to advocate for the science and for the presence of scientists when decision are made.
Nonscientists such as attorneys are very willing to make conservation policy decisions and exercise their own judgment and influence based on whatever information is available.
Scientists, too, need to be willing to contribute their judgment to conservation policy decisions even when more research is needed.
Conservation science spans a continuum of activities (Table 17.2), but not all of them incorporate policy.
The role that will be right for each person involved in conservation practice will depend on one’s values, the skills one enjoys cultivating, and where one remains motivated to be persistent through all the ups and downs of conservation practice.
There is broad array of professional roles for the conservation scientists, as well as many activities and arenas for engagement in the policy process (Table 17.3)