Perceiving & evaluating other people Why do we evaluate others? all of us are naïve psychologists Are we accurate? often however, our judgments can suffer from a number of biases analogy: bias/ perceptual illusion; gives cue to normal processing Attributions from behavior Attribution
(2) Do many other people get angry in traffic jams?
(3) Does Susan get angry in many other situations?
No personality or situational attribution
Situational attribution: traffic jams make people mad
Personality attribution, general
Personality attribution, particularKelley’s Attributional Logic
Revision: could be a funny show
Person: Joe laughs easily
What kind of person is Joe?
Situation: the TV show is funny
Revision: maybe Joe laughs easily
How funny is the TV comedy?Two-stage Model of Attributions
Book example: Joe laughs hysterically while watching a TV comedy. What can we conclude?
8 11 15 AdultCross-cultural differences
Attributions to internal
Y N D
YES NO Depends on