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Palestine and Israel. Early Zionist Movement. 1870s Russian Czar begins pogroms against Jewish population. 1870s-1900 First European Jews begin settling in Palestine. . British Mandate. From 1916 to 1947, Palestine controlled by British.

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Presentation Transcript
early zionist movement
Early Zionist Movement
  • 1870s Russian Czar begins pogroms against Jewish population.
  • 1870s-1900 First European Jews begin settling in Palestine.
british mandate
British Mandate
  • From 1916 to 1947, Palestine controlled by British.
  • British try to limit Jewish immigration and displacement of Arabs, but also pronounce support for a future Jewish state.
foundation of the state of israel
Foundation of the State of Israel
  • following WWII, large-scale Jewish immigration
  • 1948 British mandate to end, United Nations to take over.
  • Instead, Jewish state of Israel proclaimed, prepares for war with Arab states.
  • Israel is victorious, 750,000 Palestinian refugees forced to leave.
right to return
Right to Return
  • December 1948 the U.N. General Assembly passes resolution: "that refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbor should be permitted to do so”
  • This resolution has been annually re-affirmed by the U.N. ever since, but is ignored by Israel.
1967 arab israeli war
1967 Arab Israeli War
  • Egypt closes Suez Canal to Israeli ships.
  • Israel attacks Egypt and others in preemptive strike. Israel absorbs Sinai and Golan Heights, occupies Golan and West Bank.
  • Roughly 300,000 more refugees flee.
increasing us role
Increasing US role
  • Total aid since 1949--$84 billion--Israel #1 foreign aid recipient
palestinian and arab retaliations
Palestinian and Arab retaliations
  • 1987 first Intifada
  • 1980s first use of suicide bombers
  • 2000 second Intifada
palestinians today
Palestinians Today
  • There are roughly 8 million Palestinians
  • About 5 million are still refugees
  • Over 40% unemployment in W Bank & Gaza
  • Over 60% below poverty level
  • 2000-02 1600 Palestinians killed (600 Israelis)
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