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Palestine and Israel. Early Zionist Movement. 1870s Russian Czar begins pogroms against Jewish population. 1870s-1900 First European Jews begin settling in Palestine. . British Mandate. From 1916 to 1947, Palestine controlled by British.

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Early Zionist Movement

  • 1870s Russian Czar begins pogroms against Jewish population.

  • 1870s-1900 First European Jews begin settling in Palestine.


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British Mandate

  • From 1916 to 1947, Palestine controlled by British.

  • British try to limit Jewish immigration and displacement of Arabs, but also pronounce support for a future Jewish state.


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Foundation of the State of Israel

  • following WWII, large-scale Jewish immigration

  • 1948 British mandate to end, United Nations to take over.

  • Instead, Jewish state of Israel proclaimed, prepares for war with Arab states.

  • Israel is victorious, 750,000 Palestinian refugees forced to leave.


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Right to Return

  • December 1948 the U.N. General Assembly passes resolution: "that refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbor should be permitted to do so”

  • This resolution has been annually re-affirmed by the U.N. ever since, but is ignored by Israel.


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1967 Arab Israeli War

  • Egypt closes Suez Canal to Israeli ships.

  • Israel attacks Egypt and others in preemptive strike. Israel absorbs Sinai and Golan Heights, occupies Golan and West Bank.

  • Roughly 300,000 more refugees flee.


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Increasing US role

  • Total aid since 1949--$84 billion--Israel #1 foreign aid recipient


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Palestinian and Arab retaliations

  • 1987 first Intifada

  • 1980s first use of suicide bombers

  • 2000 second Intifada


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Palestinians Today

  • There are roughly 8 million Palestinians

  • About 5 million are still refugees

  • Over 40% unemployment in W Bank & Gaza

  • Over 60% below poverty level

  • 2000-02 1600 Palestinians killed (600 Israelis)


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