Napoleon Forges an Empire

Napoleon Forges an Empire PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Napoleon Forges an Empire

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1. Napoleon Forges an Empire Chapter 7, section 3

3. Objectives Explain how Napoleon Bonaparte came to power. Summarize how Napoleon restored order in France. Describe the extent and weaknesses of Napoleon’s empire.

4. Napoleon Seizes Power

5. Early Life Napoleon Bonaparte Born in Corsica Attends military school Joins army

6. Hero of the Hour In 1795, Napoleon defeats royalist rebels attacking the national convention Napoleon wins stunning victories in Italy, gaining popularity News of his defeats in Egypt suppressed

7. Coup d’Etat In November 1799, he carries out coup d’etat-seizure of power Napoleon defeats British, Russians, Austrians who join forces against him

8. Napoleon Rules France

9. Vote of Approval New construction is approved through plebiscite-vote of the people

10. Restoring Order at Home To fix economy, he sets up national banking system, efficient tax collection Establishes lycees- government run public schools to train officials

11. Restoring Order Continued Signs concordat-agreement with pope restoring Catholicism in France Creates Napoleonic code-uniform system of laws

12. Napoleon Crowned as Emperor In December 1804, Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France

13. The Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte after his coronation.

14. Napoleon Creates an Empire

15. Loss of American Territories In 1801, Napoleon attempts to retake colony of Saint Dominigue but fails Gives up on the Americas and concentrates on Europe In 1803, Sells the Louisiana Territory to U.S. for $15 million.

17. Conquering Europe Britain, Russia, Austria, Sweden join forces against Napoleon Napoleon crushes enemy forces in Several brilliant battles Napoleon forces Austria, Russia, Sweden to sign peace treaties

18. The Battle of Trafalgar On 1805, British win Battle of Trafalgar-ensures British naval superiority This defeat forces Napoleon to give up plan of invading Britain Looks for another way to control Britain

19. The French Empire Napoleon Controls Europe except for Britain, Portugal, Sweden and Ottomans Has puppet rulers in some countries, alliances with others French Empire reaches largest extent from 1807 to 1812

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