Developmental Perspective. children with psychological disorders vary in symptoms and causes But all have experienced some problem in development. Assumptions:. Developmental processes are important Context is important
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Figure 1.1 (a) Multifinality: Similar early experiences lead to different outcomes; (b) Equifinality: Different factors lead to a similar outcome
e.g. peer relationships, school
e.g. social class, ethnicity, nationality, etc.
Genetics – interactions between genes and environment
“niche-picking” – children increasingly shape their own environments
“goodness of fit” – meshing of temperament & demands of the environment
e.g. play shark/am a shark?
understanding of causality
emotion expression – influenced by caregivers
social referencing – a way to judge meaning
patterns of attachment – quality of caregive/infant relationship
insecure – ambivalent (resistant)