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Developmental Perspective. children with psychological disorders vary in symptoms and causes But all have experienced some problem in development. Assumptions:. Developmental processes are important Context is important

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developmental perspective
Developmental Perspective
  • children with psychological disorders vary in symptoms and causes
  • But all have experienced some problem in development
assumptions
Assumptions:
  • Developmental processes are important
  • Context is important
  • Multiple factors interact in shaping adaptive and maladaptive development
    • i.e. causal factors are COMPLEX
developmental pathways
Developmental Pathways
  • Refers to the sequence and timing of behaviors, and the relationship between them over time
  • Two types of developmental pathways:
    • multifinality: similar early experiences lead to different outcomes
    • equifinality: different early experiences lead to a similar outcome
developmental pathways cont
Developmental Pathways (cont.)

Figure 1.1 (a) Multifinality: Similar early experiences lead to different outcomes; (b) Equifinality: Different factors lead to a similar outcome

a general developmental framework
A general developmental framework
  • Biological context – organic influences
  • Individual context – variables within the person
  • Family context – parent/child relationships, family system, parenting strategies, etc.
  • Social context – broad social relationships

e.g. peer relationships, school

  • Cultural context – larger social and cultural factors

e.g. social class, ethnicity, nationality, etc.

domains of development
Domains of development

Biological

Genetics – interactions between genes and environment

“niche-picking” – children increasingly shape their own environments

temperament types

“goodness of fit” – meshing of temperament & demands of the environment

domains of development cont
Domains of Development cont’

Cognitive

magical thinking

e.g. play shark/am a shark?

understanding of causality

cognitive distortions

domains of development cont1
Domains of Development cont’

Emotional Development

emotion expression – influenced by caregivers

social referencing – a way to judge meaning

emotion understanding

emotional regulation

domains of development cont2
Domains of Development cont’

Attachment

patterns of attachment – quality of caregive/infant relationship

secure

insecure – ambivalent (resistant)

- avoidant

thought questions related to development
Thought Questions related to development
  • How do you think family and social influences change over the course of development?
  • What is your opinion of the macro model presented? Is there anything missing from the model or anything that you might remove?
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