Countermarked Coins From Around The World . Introduction. The marking of coins after minting: Common practice for as long as coinage has existed Define Countermark Reasons for adding marks and stamps Look at the design, form and meaning . Definition. Counterstamp/Countermark:
Aegina- Island Nation south of Athens, Greece
Aegina- “Greek Turtle” Silver- 550 BC
Aegina- Greek Turtle circa 500 BC
Aegina- Greek Turtle with counterstamp
Aegina- Greek Turtle with arrow counterstamp
Kneeling King with bow- No countermark
Siglos- Lydia- 450 BC
Side c.400-380 BC, Stater Athena/ standing left, rev Pamphylian legend, naked Apollo standing left-
2 counterstamps- four legged animal
Silver Tetradrachm-Pamphylia- no counterstamp 300-200 BC
Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia 333BC Obv-Athena facing right, Nike Advancing- Rev Seleukid Counterstamp (anchor)
Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia – Anchor C/M
Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia (Side)
Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia
Counterstamp- Bow in Bowcase
Silver Tetradrachm- C/M- Bow in Bowcase
Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia (Side) C/M- Lyre
Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia Countermark-Bee & Bowcase
PAMPHYLIA Side. 3rd - 2nd century B.C.:
AR drachm (3.76 g). Bee countermark.
KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. Tetradrachm . (195/4 BC).
Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin/ Zeus enthroned left.
TRAL and bowcase in circular incuse
MACEDONIAN KINGS Alexander the Great. 336-323 B.C.:AR tetradrachm (28 mm, 16.82 g). Aspendus mint. Head of Heracles/ Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and sceptre. Countermark: head of Helios facing front
Tetradrachm- 320 BC Basileos
305 BC Paphos Mint-Basileos Ptolemy I and II AR Tetradrachm Multiple Bankers Marks Date: 305-284 BCObverse: Diademed bust righteverse: Eagle standing left 26.97 mm
After 250 BC. AR Didrachm (8.16g). Turreted head of Nymph Sinope left; countermark: radiate head of Helios facing, ΣΙΝΟΠΕΩΝ
Rev Poseidon sitting on throne left, holding dolphin and trident; countermark: laureate head of horned Poseidon left.
Bythinia-228BC Three Countermarks: Altar, Lyre, Goddess
Lycia Termessus Minor AE22 / Bee CounterstampDate: 1st century BCObverse: Laureate head of Zeus right, sceptre behindReverse: Legend above and beneath winged thunderbolt, Bee countermark Size: 22.8 mm weight: 3.9 grams
Tiberius-(Twelve Caesars) Countermarks
Æ Sestertius (24.75 gm). Struck 8-10 AD..XLI for countermark.
Æ As (10.63gm). Struck 12-14 AD. TIB in incuse oval.
AUGUSTUS. A Pair of Augustan denarii, both with Vespasian counterstamps. Countermarked at Ephesos, circa 74-79 AD. both with bold counterstamps. Both Howgego 839
CILICIA, Tarsus. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. AR Tetradrachm
Countermarked under Caracalla, 215-217 AD. laureate head of Caracalla right, AMK:Prwth Megisth Kallisth (First, Greatest, Most Beautiful), epithets granted to the city of Tarsus upon Caracalla\'s arrival there in 215 AD.
Project director, Roman Provincial Coinage in the Antonine Period
University Lecturer in Numismatics, Reader in Greek and Roman Numismatics., Faculty of ClassicsSenior Assistant Keeper, The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK.
1994: \'\'Coin circulation and the integration of the Roman economy\'\', 1995: \'\'The circulation of silver coins, models of the Roman economy” 1995: Ancient History from Coins, Routledge, London, 176.
"X" for LEGIO X GEMINA on Nero Dupondius, Pannonia Superior, possible applied later during Vespasianus
Two well-worn coins with XII Legion Fulminata Countermark (Turkey)
For List of Roman Legions: http://www.romancoins.info/Legions.html
"XLII" on Galba As, such countermarks are known to have been used by the Ostrogoths and Vandals to mark Dupondi
as 42 Nummi (XLII). They prove coins being in circulation some 400 years or more after their initial issue.
THRACE Imbros. Augustus 27 B.C. - A.D. 14.: AE 14. Bare head right. COUNTERMARK (Howgego 431)
1730 Cob- Mexico 8 Reales- With Countermarks from Island of Madura, Sultnate of Soumanap
1653 Cob- Mexico 8 Reales
Spanish Colonial Mexico, 4 Reales Cob. Cast from 1634-1665
Spanish 8-reales Cob
1733 Pillar Dollar- Without Countermarks
1736 Pillar Dollar- Mexico- Oriental Chopmarks
1744 Pillar Dollar- Mexico- Oriental Chopmarks
Mexico 1757 8-Reales Pillar Dollar
Jamaican George III Countermark-both sides
Piece of eight with Curacao countermark- Large 3 in serrate incuse punch – Applied circa 1819-25
1776 Charles III 8-Reales- No Countermark
1778 8 Reales-Mexico. Counterstamped-Java 1775 – 8R- Sumatra
1791 Charles IIII 8-Reales- With Villa Gran (Mexico??) Countermark
1894 Charles IV 8-Reales with “16-Bitt” countermark both sides and serrated punch- From Dominica (Santo Domingo)-1813 issue
1794- 8-Reales from Mexico with George III Countermark (England)
1806- 8-Reales from Lima with Minas Gerais (Brazil) Countermark- both sides
1809- 8-Reales with Chopmarks
1895 Mexico Eagle Dollar- Without Chopmarks Cap and rays
1868 Mexico Eagle Dollar- Chinese Chopmarks
1885 Mexico- Eagle Dollar
1880 Trade Dollar- No Chopmarks
1880 Trade Dollar- Chopmarks (China)
1874 Trade Dollar- Deeply Chopmarked
Rare 1880 U.S. Half eagle with Counterstamp
1766 Portuguese “Golden Joe” King John V of Portugal
Counterstamped by Ephraim Brasher
Ephraim Brasher was authorized to issue coins- this is an original design- Brasher is designer and assayer
Yale, National Numismatic Collection, and Garrett Specimens
Countermark placement varies
8 Escudo 1797 Gold
Brazilian 6400 Reis dated 1751 minted at Rio De Janeiro. Counterstamped on the reverse "WH“ for William Hollingshead
The coat of Arms of Joao- Prince Regent 1799-1818 on Earlier 1796 Maria “The Widow” 20 Reales Coin
1812- 960 Reis- Brazil- The Coat of Arms of Joao- Seen as Counterstamp on 1796 Coin (Prior Slide)
1761- North Wales “Fox” Half Penny with inscription “LIBERTY”
Mexico- 1812- 8 Reales with Morelos Counterstamp and Cut-out
“The head of a fool in the neck of an ass”
“Two heads not worth a crown”
Mexico 8 Reales 1795 with British Counterstamp
1888 Peru One Sol- Guatemala Counterstamp
Brazil Gold 20,000 Reis, 1726, Countermarked 1835
T. E. Lawrence, (Lawrence of Arabia), assisted Husain ibn Ali, the Amir of Mecca, lead a revolt against the Ottoman Turks during WW I. 40 Para Coin with Counterstamp of Hejaz (1916-21)
Renaissance times- Eagle of Gonzaga on Æ Sestertius PLOTINA, wife of Trajan. Augusta, 105-123 AD. Struck 112 AD.
The Gonzagas were the rulers of Mantua, a city with an important ancient Roman connection