Countermarked coins from around the world
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Countermarked Coins From Around The World . Introduction. The marking of coins after minting: Common practice for as long as coinage has existed Define Countermark Reasons for adding marks and stamps Look at the design, form and meaning . Definition. Counterstamp/Countermark:

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Countermarked Coins From Around The World

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Countermarked coins from around the world

Countermarked Coins From Around The World


Introduction

Introduction

  • The marking of coins after minting:

  • Common practice for as long as coinage has existed

  • Define Countermark

  • Reasons for adding marks and stamps

  • Look at the design, form and meaning


Definition

Definition

  • Counterstamp/Countermark:

  • A mark added to a coin

  • Subsequent to minting

  • With a purpose

  • Usually incuse into the design

  • Bears some kind of recognizable design, text, initials, or picture.


Reasons to add a counterstamp

Reasons to add a Counterstamp

  • Assayer’s mark-Validate weight, metal content and purity

  • Satisfy a shortage- use someone else’s coins

  • Political or Economic Takeover

  • Establish Independent State

  • Status- Indicate ownership


Part 1 ancient greece and roman empire

PART 1- Ancient Greece and Roman Empire


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc aegina

Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC- Aegina

Aegina- Island Nation south of Athens, Greece

http://www.ancient-greece.org/images/maps/ancient-greece101.swf


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc aegina1

Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC- Aegina

Aegina- “Greek Turtle” Silver- 550 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc

Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC

Aegina- Greek Turtle circa 500 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc1

Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc2

Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc3

Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC

Aegina- Greek Turtle with counterstamp


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc4

Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC

..

Aegina- Greek Turtle with arrow counterstamp


Archaic coin from lydia darius iii 450 330 bc

Archaic- Coin from Lydia - Darius III 450 -330 BC

Kneeling King with bow- No countermark

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm


Archaic kingdom of lydia 450 bc

Archaic- Kingdom of Lydia 450 BC

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm


Archaic siglos of lydia 450 bc

Archaic- Siglos of Lydia 450 BC

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm


Archaic siglos of lydia 450 bc1

Archaic- Siglos of Lydia- 450 BC

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm


Archaic siglos of lydia 450 bc2

Archaic- Siglos of Lydia 450 BC


Archaic period

Archaic Period

Siglos- Lydia- 450 BC


Classical greek pamphylia

Classical Greek- -Pamphylia

Pamphylia


Classical period pamphylia turkey city of perge

Classical Period- Pamphylia (Turkey)- City of Perge

http://www.mapofturkey.info/d/3_1.asp


Greek classical period gold stater side

Greek Classical Period Gold Stater- Side

.

Side c.400-380 BC, Stater Athena/ standing left, rev Pamphylian legend, naked Apollo standing left-

2 counterstamps- four legged animal


Classical period

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm-Pamphylia- no counterstamp 300-200 BC

Athena/Nike


Classical period1

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia 333BC Obv-Athena facing right, Nike Advancing- Rev Seleukid Counterstamp (anchor)


Classical period2

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia – Anchor C/M


Classical period3

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia (Side)

Anchor C/M


Classical period4

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia

Counterstamp- Bow in Bowcase


Classical period5

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- C/M- Bow in Bowcase


Classical period6

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia (Side) C/M- Lyre


Classical period7

Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia Countermark-Bee & Bowcase


Classical period8

Classical Period

.

PAMPHYLIA Side. 3rd - 2nd century B.C.:

AR drachm (3.76 g). Bee countermark.


Classical period9

Classical Period

KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. Tetradrachm . (195/4 BC).

Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin/ Zeus enthroned left.

TRAL and bowcase in circular incuse


Classical period alexander the great tetradrachm 190 bc

Classical Period- Alexander the Great- Tetradrachm (190 BC)

  • The TRAL countermark was applied in Tralles, Lydia.

  • Other bow and bowcase countermarks on to Pergamon, Ephesos, Sardes, Tralles, Laodikeia, and Apameia.

  • Linked to the introduction of the cistophoric coinage circa 180 BC.

  • Permitted the circulation of Attic weight coins in the years following political reform.


Classical period10

Classical Period

MACEDONIAN KINGS Alexander the Great. 336-323 B.C.:AR tetradrachm (28 mm, 16.82 g). Aspendus mint. Head of Heracles/ Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and sceptre. Countermark: head of Helios facing front


Hellenistic period

Hellenistic Period

.

Tetradrachm- 320 BC Basileos


Hellenistic period 336 bc 30 bc

Hellenistic Period (336 BC-30 BC)

.

305 BC Paphos Mint-Basileos Ptolemy I and II AR Tetradrachm Multiple Bankers Marks Date: 305-284 BCObverse: Diademed bust righteverse: Eagle standing left 26.97 mm


Hellenistic period1

Hellenistic Period

After 250 BC. AR Didrachm (8.16g). Turreted head of Nymph Sinope left; countermark: radiate head of Helios facing, ΣΙΝΟΠΕΩΝ

Rev Poseidon sitting on throne left, holding dolphin and trident; countermark: laureate head of horned Poseidon left.


Hellenistic period2

Hellenistic Period

Bythinia-228BC Three Countermarks: Altar, Lyre, Goddess


Hellenistic period3

Hellenistic Period

Lycia Termessus Minor AE22 / Bee CounterstampDate: 1st century BCObverse: Laureate head of Zeus right, sceptre behindReverse: Legend above and beneath winged thunderbolt, Bee countermark Size: 22.8 mm weight: 3.9 grams


Roman

Roman

Tiberius-(Twelve Caesars) Countermarks


Roman counterstamped coins

Roman Counterstamped Coins

  • Counterstamped Roman Coins are of great historical value.

  • Help trace the movement of Roman Legions across Europe

  • Shed Light on political uprisings and successions

  • Edwin Howgego- British

  • Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins


Roman1

Roman

Æ Sestertius (24.75 gm). Struck 8-10 AD..XLI for countermark.

Æ As (10.63gm). Struck 12-14 AD. TIB in incuse oval.


Roman2

Roman

AUGUSTUS. A Pair of Augustan denarii, both with Vespasian counterstamps. Countermarked at Ephesos, circa 74-79 AD. both with bold counterstamps. Both Howgego 839


Roman3

Roman

CILICIA, Tarsus. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. AR Tetradrachm

Countermarked under Caracalla, 215-217 AD. laureate head of Caracalla right, AMK:Prwth Megisth Kallisth (First, Greatest, Most Beautiful), epithets granted to the city of Tarsus upon Caracalla's arrival there in 215 AD.


Roman coin expert christopher howgego

Roman Coin Expert- Christopher Howgego

Project director, Roman Provincial Coinage in the Antonine Period

University Lecturer in Numismatics, Reader in Greek and Roman Numismatics., Faculty of ClassicsSenior Assistant Keeper, The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK.

1994: ''Coin circulation and the integration of the Roman economy'', 1995: ''The circulation of silver coins, models of the Roman economy” 1995: Ancient History from Coins, Routledge, London, 176.


Chris howgego book

Chris Howgego Book


Roman x legion

Roman- X Legion

"X" for LEGIO X GEMINA on Nero Dupondius, Pannonia Superior, possible applied later during Vespasianus


Roman xii legion

Roman- XII Legion

Two well-worn coins with XII Legion Fulminata Countermark (Turkey)

For List of Roman Legions: http://www.romancoins.info/Legions.html


Roman 42 nummi denominational counterstamp

Roman- 42 NummiDenominational Counterstamp

"XLII" on Galba As, such countermarks are known to have been used by the Ostrogoths and Vandals to mark Dupondi

as 42 Nummi (XLII). They prove coins being in circulation some 400 years or more after their initial issue.


Roman thrace

Roman- Thrace

THRACE Imbros. Augustus 27 B.C. - A.D. 14.: AE 14. Bare head right. COUNTERMARK (Howgego 431)


Museum of countermarks on roman coins online museum

Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins (online museum)

http://www.romancoins.info/Countermarks-start.html


Part 2 spain mexico and the new world

PART 2- Spain, Mexico and the New World

  • Starting in 1500’s

  • Coins used for trade

  • Banker’s marks

  • Chopmarks

  • Assayer’s marks

  • Spanish Cobs

  • Pillar Dollars

  • BustDollars

  • Mexico Eagle Dollars

  • U.S Trade Dollar


Assayer s marks

Assayer’s marks

  •     Chinese chopmarked foreign silver coins to:

    • Identify the payers who handed out the coin as payment

    • Guarantee the fineness of the coins by the merchant or local bank who chopped

    • Assay the coin for its silver fineness and authenticate it by deep chopping

http://www.chopmarks.com/stai/stai2/stai2-3.htm

http://www.sycee-on-line.com


Assayer s marks cob coinage 1580 1732

Assayer’s marks- Cob Coinage 1580-1732

1730 Cob- Mexico 8 Reales- With Countermarks from Island of Madura, Sultnate of Soumanap


Assayer s marks cob coinage 1530 1732

Assayer’s marks- Cob Coinage 1530-1732

1653 Cob- Mexico 8 Reales


Assayer s marks cob coinage 1530 17321

Assayer’s marks- Cob Coinage 1530-1732

Spanish Colonial Mexico, 4 Reales Cob. Cast from 1634-1665

http://www.sycee-on-line.com/Spanis38.jpg


Assayer s marks1

Assayer’s marks

Spanish 8-reales Cob

http://www.sycee-on-line.com/Spanis38.jpg


Mexico pillar dollar 8 reales 1732 1789

Mexico- Pillar Dollar 8 Reales (1732-1789)

1733 Pillar Dollar- Without Countermarks


Assayer s marks pillar dollar 1732 1789

Assayer’s marks- Pillar Dollar (1732-1789)

1736 Pillar Dollar- Mexico- Oriental Chopmarks


Assayer s marks pillar dollar 1732 17891

Assayer’s marks-Pillar Dollar- (1732-1789)

1744 Pillar Dollar- Mexico- Oriental Chopmarks


Assayer s marks pillar dollar eight reales 1732 1789

Assayer’s marks- Pillar Dollar (eight Reales- 1732-1789)


Countermarks pillar dollar eight reales 1732 1789

Countermarks - Pillar Dollar (eight Reales- 1732-1789)

Mexico 1757 8-Reales Pillar Dollar

Jamaican George III Countermark-both sides


Assayer s marks pillar dollar eight reales 1732 17891

Assayer’s marks- Pillar Dollar (eight Reales- 1732-1789)

Piece of eight with Curacao countermark- Large 3 in serrate incuse punch – Applied circa 1819-25


Assayer s marks bust mexico eight reales 1772 1821

Assayer’s marks- Bust Mexico Eight Reales (1772-1821)

1776 Charles III 8-Reales- No Countermark


Assayer s marks bust mexico 8 reales

Assayer’s Marks- Bust Mexico 8 Reales

1778 8 Reales-Mexico. Counterstamped-Java 1775 – 8R- Sumatra


Assayer s marks bust mexico eight reales 1772 18211

Assayer’s marks- Bust Mexico Eight Reales (1772-1821)

1791 Charles IIII 8-Reales- With Villa Gran (Mexico??) Countermark


Assayer s marks bust mexico eight reales 1772 18212

Assayer’s marks- Bust Mexico Eight Reales (1772-1821)

1894 Charles IV 8-Reales with “16-Bitt” countermark both sides and serrated punch- From Dominica (Santo Domingo)-1813 issue


Assayer s marks bust 8 reales 1772 1821

Assayer’s marks- Bust 8-Reales (1772-1821)

1794- 8-Reales from Mexico with George III Countermark (England)


Assayer s marks bust 8 reales 1772 18211

Assayer’s marks- Bust 8-Reales (1772-1821)

1806- 8-Reales from Lima with Minas Gerais (Brazil) Countermark- both sides


Assayer s marks bust 8 reales 1772 18212

Assayer’s marks- Bust 8-Reales (1772-1821)

1809- 8-Reales with Chopmarks


Chopmarks mexican eagle dollars 1824 1897

Chopmarks- Mexican Eagle Dollars (1824-1897)

1895 Mexico Eagle Dollar- Without Chopmarks Cap and rays


Chopmarks mexican eagle dollars 1824 18971

Chopmarks- Mexican Eagle Dollars (1824-1897)

1868 Mexico Eagle Dollar- Chinese Chopmarks


Assayer s marks mexican eagle dollars

Assayer’s marks- Mexican Eagle Dollars

1885 Mexico- Eagle Dollar


Various chopmarks

Various Chopmarks

http://www.chopmarks.com/catalogo/serie_c/c.htm


U s trade dollar 1873 1885

U.S. Trade Dollar- 1873-1885

1880 Trade Dollar- No Chopmarks


U s trade dollar 1873 18851

U.S. Trade Dollar- 1873-1885

1880 Trade Dollar- Chopmarks (China)


Chopmarks u s trade dollar 1873 1885

Chopmarks- U.S. Trade Dollar- 1873-1885

1874 Trade Dollar- Deeply Chopmarked


Chopmarks us trade dollar

Chopmarks- US Trade Dollar


Chopmarks us trade dollar1

Chopmarks- US Trade Dollar


Assayer s marks half eagle

Assayer’s marks- Half Eagle

Rare 1880 U.S. Half eagle with Counterstamp


Assayer s marks2

Assayer’s marks

1766 Portuguese “Golden Joe” King John V of Portugal

Counterstamped by Ephraim Brasher


A brasher doubloon 1787 a counterstamped coin

A Brasher Doubloon- 1787 A Counterstamped coin

Ephraim Brasher was authorized to issue coins- this is an original design- Brasher is designer and assayer


Brasher doubloons 1787

Brasher Doubloons- 1787

Yale, National Numismatic Collection, and Garrett Specimens

Countermark placement varies


Assayer s marks3

Assayer’s marks

8 Escudo 1797 Gold


Assayer s marks william hollingshead

Assayer’s marks-William Hollingshead

Brazilian 6400 Reis dated 1751 minted at Rio De Janeiro. Counterstamped on the reverse "WH“ for William Hollingshead


Part 3 other countermarks

Part 3- Other Countermarks

  • Monarchial

  • Political

  • Shortages

  • Independent State

  • Ownership


Monarchial succession brazil

Monarchial Succession- Brazil

The coat of Arms of Joao- Prince Regent 1799-1818 on Earlier 1796 Maria “The Widow” 20 Reales Coin


Monarchial succesion

Monarchial Succesion

1812- 960 Reis- Brazil- The Coat of Arms of Joao- Seen as Counterstamp on 1796 Coin (Prior Slide)


Political

Political

1761- North Wales “Fox” Half Penny with inscription “LIBERTY”


Political1

Political

Mexico- 1812- 8 Reales with Morelos Counterstamp and Cut-out


Shortages britain george iii

Shortages- Britain- George III

“The head of a fool in the neck of an ass”

“Two heads not worth a crown”

Mexico 8 Reales 1795 with British Counterstamp


Shortages and trade guatemala over peru

Shortages and Trade- Guatemala over Peru

1888 Peru One Sol- Guatemala Counterstamp


Independent state republica de piratina brazil

Independent State- Republica de Piratina (Brazil)

Brazil Gold 20,000 Reis, 1726, Countermarked 1835


Independent state anguilla

Independent State:Anguilla


Independent states state of hejaz lawrence of arabia

Independent States-State of Hejaz (Lawrence of Arabia)

T. E. Lawrence, (Lawrence of Arabia), assisted Husain ibn Ali, the Amir of Mecca, lead a revolt against the Ottoman Turks during WW I. 40 Para Coin with Counterstamp of Hejaz (1916-21)


Ownership

Ownership

Renaissance times- Eagle of Gonzaga on Æ Sestertius PLOTINA, wife of Trajan. Augusta, 105-123 AD. Struck 112 AD.

The Gonzagas were the rulers of Mantua, a city with an important ancient Roman connection


Countermarked coins a broad interesting theme for collecting and studying

Countermarked Coins A Broad ,interesting theme for collecting and studying


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