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Countermarked Coins From Around The World . Introduction. The marking of coins after minting: Common practice for as long as coinage has existed Define Countermark Reasons for adding marks and stamps Look at the design, form and meaning . Definition. Counterstamp/Countermark:

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Countermarked coins from around the world

Countermarked Coins From Around The World


Introduction
Introduction

  • The marking of coins after minting:

  • Common practice for as long as coinage has existed

  • Define Countermark

  • Reasons for adding marks and stamps

  • Look at the design, form and meaning


Definition
Definition

  • Counterstamp/Countermark:

  • A mark added to a coin

  • Subsequent to minting

  • With a purpose

  • Usually incuse into the design

  • Bears some kind of recognizable design, text, initials, or picture.


Reasons to add a counterstamp
Reasons to add a Counterstamp

  • Assayer’s mark-Validate weight, metal content and purity

  • Satisfy a shortage- use someone else’s coins

  • Political or Economic Takeover

  • Establish Independent State

  • Status- Indicate ownership



Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc aegina
Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC- Aegina

Aegina- Island Nation south of Athens, Greece

http://www.ancient-greece.org/images/maps/ancient-greece101.swf


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc aegina1
Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC- Aegina

Aegina- “Greek Turtle” Silver- 550 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc
Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC

Aegina- Greek Turtle circa 500 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc1
Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc2
Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc3
Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC

Aegina- Greek Turtle with counterstamp


Archaic greek 6 th bc to 479 bc4
Archaic Greek - 6th BC to 479 BC

..

Aegina- Greek Turtle with arrow counterstamp


Archaic coin from lydia darius iii 450 330 bc
Archaic- Coin from Lydia - Darius III 450 -330 BC

Kneeling King with bow- No countermark

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm


Archaic kingdom of lydia 450 bc
Archaic- Kingdom of Lydia 450 BC

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm


Archaic siglos of lydia 450 bc
Archaic- Siglos of Lydia 450 BC

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm


Archaic siglos of lydia 450 bc1
Archaic- Siglos of Lydia- 450 BC

http://worldcoincatalog.com/AC/C4/Lydia/Lydia.htm



Archaic period
Archaic Period

Siglos- Lydia- 450 BC



Classical period pamphylia turkey city of perge
Classical Period- Pamphylia (Turkey)- City of Perge

http://www.mapofturkey.info/d/3_1.asp


Greek classical period gold stater side
Greek Classical Period Gold Stater- Side

.

Side c.400-380 BC, Stater Athena/ standing left, rev Pamphylian legend, naked Apollo standing left-

2 counterstamps- four legged animal


Classical period
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm-Pamphylia- no counterstamp 300-200 BC

Athena/Nike


Classical period1
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia 333BC Obv-Athena facing right, Nike Advancing- Rev Seleukid Counterstamp (anchor)


Classical period2
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia – Anchor C/M


Classical period3
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia (Side)

Anchor C/M


Classical period4
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia

Counterstamp- Bow in Bowcase


Classical period5
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- C/M- Bow in Bowcase


Classical period6
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia (Side) C/M- Lyre


Classical period7
Classical Period

Silver Tetradrachm- Pamphylia Countermark-Bee & Bowcase


Classical period8
Classical Period

.

PAMPHYLIA Side. 3rd - 2nd century B.C.:

AR drachm (3.76 g). Bee countermark.


Classical period9
Classical Period

KINGS of MACEDON. Alexander III ‘the Great’. 336-323 BC. Tetradrachm . (195/4 BC).

Head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin/ Zeus enthroned left.

TRAL and bowcase in circular incuse


Classical period alexander the great tetradrachm 190 bc
Classical Period- Alexander the Great- Tetradrachm (190 BC)

  • The TRAL countermark was applied in Tralles, Lydia.

  • Other bow and bowcase countermarks on to Pergamon, Ephesos, Sardes, Tralles, Laodikeia, and Apameia.

  • Linked to the introduction of the cistophoric coinage circa 180 BC.

  • Permitted the circulation of Attic weight coins in the years following political reform.


Classical period10
Classical Period

MACEDONIAN KINGS Alexander the Great. 336-323 B.C.:AR tetradrachm (28 mm, 16.82 g). Aspendus mint. Head of Heracles/ Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and sceptre. Countermark: head of Helios facing front


Hellenistic period
Hellenistic Period

.

Tetradrachm- 320 BC Basileos


Hellenistic period 336 bc 30 bc
Hellenistic Period (336 BC-30 BC)

.

305 BC Paphos Mint-Basileos Ptolemy I and II AR Tetradrachm Multiple Bankers Marks Date: 305-284 BCObverse: Diademed bust righteverse: Eagle standing left 26.97 mm


Hellenistic period1
Hellenistic Period

After 250 BC. AR Didrachm (8.16g). Turreted head of Nymph Sinope left; countermark: radiate head of Helios facing, ΣΙΝΟΠΕΩΝ

Rev Poseidon sitting on throne left, holding dolphin and trident; countermark: laureate head of horned Poseidon left.


Hellenistic period2
Hellenistic Period

Bythinia-228BC Three Countermarks: Altar, Lyre, Goddess


Hellenistic period3
Hellenistic Period

Lycia Termessus Minor AE22 / Bee CounterstampDate: 1st century BCObverse: Laureate head of Zeus right, sceptre behindReverse: Legend above and beneath winged thunderbolt, Bee countermark Size: 22.8 mm weight: 3.9 grams


Roman
Roman

Tiberius-(Twelve Caesars) Countermarks


Roman counterstamped coins
Roman Counterstamped Coins

  • Counterstamped Roman Coins are of great historical value.

  • Help trace the movement of Roman Legions across Europe

  • Shed Light on political uprisings and successions

  • Edwin Howgego- British

  • Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins


Roman1
Roman

Æ Sestertius (24.75 gm). Struck 8-10 AD..XLI for countermark.

Æ As (10.63gm). Struck 12-14 AD. TIB in incuse oval.


Roman2
Roman

AUGUSTUS. A Pair of Augustan denarii, both with Vespasian counterstamps. Countermarked at Ephesos, circa 74-79 AD. both with bold counterstamps. Both Howgego 839


Roman3
Roman

CILICIA, Tarsus. Hadrian. 117-138 AD. AR Tetradrachm

Countermarked under Caracalla, 215-217 AD. laureate head of Caracalla right, AMK:Prwth Megisth Kallisth (First, Greatest, Most Beautiful), epithets granted to the city of Tarsus upon Caracalla's arrival there in 215 AD.


Roman coin expert christopher howgego
Roman Coin Expert- Christopher Howgego

Project director, Roman Provincial Coinage in the Antonine Period

University Lecturer in Numismatics, Reader in Greek and Roman Numismatics., Faculty of ClassicsSenior Assistant Keeper, The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, UK.

1994: ''Coin circulation and the integration of the Roman economy'', 1995: ''The circulation of silver coins, models of the Roman economy” 1995: Ancient History from Coins, Routledge, London, 176.



Roman x legion
Roman- X Legion

"X" for LEGIO X GEMINA on Nero Dupondius, Pannonia Superior, possible applied later during Vespasianus


Roman xii legion
Roman- XII Legion

Two well-worn coins with XII Legion Fulminata Countermark (Turkey)

For List of Roman Legions: http://www.romancoins.info/Legions.html


Roman 42 nummi denominational counterstamp
Roman- 42 NummiDenominational Counterstamp

"XLII" on Galba As, such countermarks are known to have been used by the Ostrogoths and Vandals to mark Dupondi

as 42 Nummi (XLII). They prove coins being in circulation some 400 years or more after their initial issue.


Roman thrace
Roman- Thrace

THRACE Imbros. Augustus 27 B.C. - A.D. 14.: AE 14. Bare head right. COUNTERMARK (Howgego 431)


Museum of countermarks on roman coins online museum
Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins (online museum)

http://www.romancoins.info/Countermarks-start.html


Part 2 spain mexico and the new world
PART 2- Spain, Mexico and the New World

  • Starting in 1500’s

  • Coins used for trade

  • Banker’s marks

  • Chopmarks

  • Assayer’s marks

  • Spanish Cobs

  • Pillar Dollars

  • BustDollars

  • Mexico Eagle Dollars

  • U.S Trade Dollar


Assayer s marks
Assayer’s marks

  •     Chinese chopmarked foreign silver coins to:

    • Identify the payers who handed out the coin as payment

    • Guarantee the fineness of the coins by the merchant or local bank who chopped

    • Assay the coin for its silver fineness and authenticate it by deep chopping

http://www.chopmarks.com/stai/stai2/stai2-3.htm

http://www.sycee-on-line.com


Assayer s marks cob coinage 1580 1732
Assayer’s marks- Cob Coinage 1580-1732

1730 Cob- Mexico 8 Reales- With Countermarks from Island of Madura, Sultnate of Soumanap


Assayer s marks cob coinage 1530 1732
Assayer’s marks- Cob Coinage 1530-1732

1653 Cob- Mexico 8 Reales


Assayer s marks cob coinage 1530 17321
Assayer’s marks- Cob Coinage 1530-1732

Spanish Colonial Mexico, 4 Reales Cob. Cast from 1634-1665

http://www.sycee-on-line.com/Spanis38.jpg


Assayer s marks1
Assayer’s marks

Spanish 8-reales Cob

http://www.sycee-on-line.com/Spanis38.jpg


Mexico pillar dollar 8 reales 1732 1789
Mexico- Pillar Dollar 8 Reales (1732-1789)

1733 Pillar Dollar- Without Countermarks


Assayer s marks pillar dollar 1732 1789
Assayer’s marks- Pillar Dollar (1732-1789)

1736 Pillar Dollar- Mexico- Oriental Chopmarks


Assayer s marks pillar dollar 1732 17891
Assayer’s marks-Pillar Dollar- (1732-1789)

1744 Pillar Dollar- Mexico- Oriental Chopmarks


Assayer s marks pillar dollar eight reales 1732 1789
Assayer’s marks- Pillar Dollar (eight Reales- 1732-1789)


Countermarks pillar dollar eight reales 1732 1789
Countermarks - Pillar Dollar (eight Reales- 1732-1789)

Mexico 1757 8-Reales Pillar Dollar

Jamaican George III Countermark-both sides


Assayer s marks pillar dollar eight reales 1732 17891
Assayer’s marks- Pillar Dollar (eight Reales- 1732-1789)

Piece of eight with Curacao countermark- Large 3 in serrate incuse punch – Applied circa 1819-25


Assayer s marks bust mexico eight reales 1772 1821
Assayer’s marks- Bust Mexico Eight Reales (1772-1821)

1776 Charles III 8-Reales- No Countermark


Assayer s marks bust mexico 8 reales
Assayer’s Marks- Bust Mexico 8 Reales

1778 8 Reales-Mexico. Counterstamped-Java 1775 – 8R- Sumatra


Assayer s marks bust mexico eight reales 1772 18211
Assayer’s marks- Bust Mexico Eight Reales (1772-1821)

1791 Charles IIII 8-Reales- With Villa Gran (Mexico??) Countermark


Assayer s marks bust mexico eight reales 1772 18212
Assayer’s marks- Bust Mexico Eight Reales (1772-1821)

1894 Charles IV 8-Reales with “16-Bitt” countermark both sides and serrated punch- From Dominica (Santo Domingo)-1813 issue


Assayer s marks bust 8 reales 1772 1821
Assayer’s marks- Bust 8-Reales (1772-1821)

1794- 8-Reales from Mexico with George III Countermark (England)


Assayer s marks bust 8 reales 1772 18211
Assayer’s marks- Bust 8-Reales (1772-1821)

1806- 8-Reales from Lima with Minas Gerais (Brazil) Countermark- both sides


Assayer s marks bust 8 reales 1772 18212
Assayer’s marks- Bust 8-Reales (1772-1821)

1809- 8-Reales with Chopmarks


Chopmarks mexican eagle dollars 1824 1897
Chopmarks- Mexican Eagle Dollars (1824-1897)

1895 Mexico Eagle Dollar- Without Chopmarks Cap and rays


Chopmarks mexican eagle dollars 1824 18971
Chopmarks- Mexican Eagle Dollars (1824-1897)

1868 Mexico Eagle Dollar- Chinese Chopmarks


Assayer s marks mexican eagle dollars
Assayer’s marks- Mexican Eagle Dollars

1885 Mexico- Eagle Dollar


Various chopmarks
Various Chopmarks

http://www.chopmarks.com/catalogo/serie_c/c.htm


U s trade dollar 1873 1885
U.S. Trade Dollar- 1873-1885

1880 Trade Dollar- No Chopmarks


U s trade dollar 1873 18851
U.S. Trade Dollar- 1873-1885

1880 Trade Dollar- Chopmarks (China)


Chopmarks u s trade dollar 1873 1885
Chopmarks- U.S. Trade Dollar- 1873-1885

1874 Trade Dollar- Deeply Chopmarked




Assayer s marks half eagle
Assayer’s marks- Half Eagle

Rare 1880 U.S. Half eagle with Counterstamp


Assayer s marks2
Assayer’s marks

1766 Portuguese “Golden Joe” King John V of Portugal

Counterstamped by Ephraim Brasher


A brasher doubloon 1787 a counterstamped coin
A Brasher Doubloon- 1787 A Counterstamped coin

Ephraim Brasher was authorized to issue coins- this is an original design- Brasher is designer and assayer


Brasher doubloons 1787
Brasher Doubloons- 1787

Yale, National Numismatic Collection, and Garrett Specimens

Countermark placement varies


Assayer s marks3
Assayer’s marks

8 Escudo 1797 Gold


Assayer s marks william hollingshead
Assayer’s marks-William Hollingshead

Brazilian 6400 Reis dated 1751 minted at Rio De Janeiro. Counterstamped on the reverse "WH“ for William Hollingshead


Part 3 other countermarks
Part 3- Other Countermarks

  • Monarchial

  • Political

  • Shortages

  • Independent State

  • Ownership


Monarchial succession brazil
Monarchial Succession- Brazil

The coat of Arms of Joao- Prince Regent 1799-1818 on Earlier 1796 Maria “The Widow” 20 Reales Coin


Monarchial succesion
Monarchial Succesion

1812- 960 Reis- Brazil- The Coat of Arms of Joao- Seen as Counterstamp on 1796 Coin (Prior Slide)


Political
Political

1761- North Wales “Fox” Half Penny with inscription “LIBERTY”


Political1
Political

Mexico- 1812- 8 Reales with Morelos Counterstamp and Cut-out


Shortages britain george iii
Shortages- Britain- George III

“The head of a fool in the neck of an ass”

“Two heads not worth a crown”

Mexico 8 Reales 1795 with British Counterstamp


Shortages and trade guatemala over peru
Shortages and Trade- Guatemala over Peru

1888 Peru One Sol- Guatemala Counterstamp


Independent state republica de piratina brazil
Independent State- Republica de Piratina (Brazil)

Brazil Gold 20,000 Reis, 1726, Countermarked 1835



Independent states state of hejaz lawrence of arabia
Independent States-State of Hejaz (Lawrence of Arabia)

T. E. Lawrence, (Lawrence of Arabia), assisted Husain ibn Ali, the Amir of Mecca, lead a revolt against the Ottoman Turks during WW I. 40 Para Coin with Counterstamp of Hejaz (1916-21)


Ownership
Ownership

Renaissance times- Eagle of Gonzaga on Æ Sestertius PLOTINA, wife of Trajan. Augusta, 105-123 AD. Struck 112 AD.

The Gonzagas were the rulers of Mantua, a city with an important ancient Roman connection


Countermarked coins a broad interesting theme for collecting and studying

Countermarked Coins A Broad ,interesting theme for collecting and studying


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