10 mental blocks roger von oech
Download
1 / 55

10 Mental Blocks Roger von Oech - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 425 Views
  • Uploaded on

10 Mental Blocks Roger von Oech. Ten Mental Locks. The right answer That’s not logical Follow the rules Be practical Play is frivolous That’s not my area Don’t be foolish Avoid ambiguity To err is wrong I’m not creative. Conceptual/Mental Blocks. The right answer

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '10 Mental Blocks Roger von Oech' - omer


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
10 mental blocks roger von oech

10 Mental BlocksRoger von Oech


Ten mental locks
Ten Mental Locks

  • The right answer

  • That’s not logical

  • Follow the rules

  • Be practical

  • Play is frivolous

  • That’s not my area

  • Don’t be foolish

  • Avoid ambiguity

  • To err is wrong

  • I’m not creative


Conceptual mental blocks
Conceptual/Mental Blocks

  • The right answer

    • Nothing is more dangerous than an idea when it is the only one we have

    • Look for the second right answer, then…

    • e.g., five figures at start of chapter


Conceptual mental blocks cont
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.)

  • That’s not logical

    • We need a combination of “hard” and “soft” thinking

    • Two main phases in the development of new ideas: an imaginative phase (thinking something different) and a practical one (getting something done)


Exercise p 46 50 62
Exercise (p.46/50/62)

  • Make a metaphor for a current problem

  • Compare your concept to something else, then see what similarities you can find

  • See how far you can extend the comparison

  • e.g., disciplining a ten-year old is like performing a magic trick


Metaphor exercise
Metaphor Exercise

  • Look at metaphor examples p.48/52/66

  • Make at least two of your own (re the meaning of life)

  • Share in groups, discuss briefly

  • Report out


Conceptual mental blocks cont1
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.)

  • Follow the rules

    • Rules, patterns, and the past are both useful and constraining

    • Creative thinking may simply mean the realization that there is no particular virtue in doing things the way they have always been done

    • Consider the stance: every rule here can be challenged except this one


Triplets
TRIPLETS

  • A triplet is a set of three words that are linked by a common fourth word, consider, e.g.: ELEPHANT - HOUSE - SNOW

  • What word could link these three words? (it can appear either of before or after each of the three words to form well-known compound words or phrases)

  • An answer for this triplet is WHITE, as in: WHITE ELEPHANT, WHITE HOUSE, & SNOW WHITE


Some triplets to try
Some Triplets to Try

  • BOARD - HOLE - JACK

  • DOUBLE - ROAD - STITCH

  • MAKER - TENNIS – STICK


Triplet exercise
Triplet Exercise

  • All teams have the same puzzle sheet but each team has a different set of clues.

  • Find the link word for each triplet and write it in the appropriate blank.

  • Scoring (time to solve & points):

    • 3 minutes, 100 points

    • 4 minutes, 80 points

    • 5 minutes, 60 points

    • 6 minutes, 40 points

    • 7 minutes, 20 points

    • >8 minutes, 10 points

  • Copy the first letters of the link words to see an important message about teams.


  • 1. REIN - HUNTER - SKIN

  • 2. RIG - CRUDE - SNAKE

  • 3. BAD - BULLETIN - FLASH

  • 4. ROBBERY - EXPRESS - WAGON

  • 5. CHEESE - ICE - SOUR

  • 6. SECOND - POLL - PUBLIC

  • 7. BELT - BLOOD - ORDER

  • 8. BRUSH - OIL - SPRAY

  • 9. DOUBLE - LEVEL - BLANK

  • 10. AGREEMENT - FREE - SECRET

  • 11. FIRE - ARTIST - NARROW

  • 12. DUTY - RADIO - VOICE


  • 13. WEAR - WATER - TAKER

  • 14. GROUP - GUIDE - PACKAGE

  • 15. COUPLE - JOB - NUMBER

  • 16. MAN - BITTER - CABINET

  • 17. INSURANCE - ORANGE - SECRET

  • 18. LIFE - LIMIT - PART

  • 19. AGE - PUMPING - WAFFLE

  • 20. INSTANT - READY - VIDEO

  • 21. FARM - CRACKERS - PARTY

  • 22. READING - STICK - UPPER

  • 23. PAINS - UNION - MANUAL

  • 24. SUBMARINE - FEVER - JACKET


Conceptual mental blocks cont2
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.)

  • Be practical

    • Ask what if?

    • The impractical can be a stepping stone

    • Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist after growing up


Exercise avoiding be practical lock
Exercise Avoiding Be Practical Lock

  • Pick a problem you are trying to solve or idea you are trying to develop

  • Apply one or more of the techniques in this chapter to the problem

    • What if someone else were solving your problem?

    • What if you were the problem or idea?

    • What could be a stepping-stone?


Conceptual mental blocks cont3
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.)

  • Play is frivolous

    • If necessity is the mother of invention, play is the father; use it to fertilize your thinking

    • Play is what I do for a living. The work comes in organizing the results of the play.


Play is frivolous cont
Play is Frivolous (cont.)

  • Consider a Möbius strip

    • One-sided surface

    • Interesting properties

    • Practical applications, e.g.:

      • Conveyor belts

      • Continuous-loop recording tapes

      • Superconductors with high transition temperature

      • Nano-graphite with new electronic characteristics, such as helical magnetism


Conceptual mental blocks cont4
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.)

  • That’s not my area

    • Specialization can not only overly limit problems we consider, but block ideas from other fields

    • “Make it a point to keep on the lookout for novel and interesting ideas that others have used successfully. Your idea has to be original only in its adaptation to the problem you are currently working on.” (Edison)


Lunch with someone different
Lunch with someone different

  • In group of 2-3

  • Use one of pairings on p.139 or your choice of two lunch partners

  • Brainstorm what they might learn from each other about “the meaning of life”

  • If you have time, repeat with a different pairing



Bionics borrow from nature

Elm tree seeds unexpected.”

Hooked spines on burr

Snake thermoscopic vision (0.002 C)

Bamboo stalk (composite fibers)

Bee eyes (facets filter polarized light)

Seals’ hearing apparatus

Beehive hexagonal construction

Reliable celestial compass

Infrared photography

Velcro

Improved helicopters

Stronger, lighter pool tables

Improved hydrophone design

Fiberglass-reinforced plastics

Bionics (borrow from nature)


Conceptual mental blocks cont5
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.) unexpected.”

  • Don’t be foolish

    • Resist excessive group pressures for conformity

    • Occasionally, turn your “stupid monitor” down, play the fool, and see what crazy ideas you can come up with


When in rome do as the romans do
When in Rome, do as the Romans do. unexpected.”

But watch out for groupthink


Alfred sloan in gm board meeting
Alfred Sloan in GM board meeting unexpected.”

  • “That makes it unanimous, so I’m going to table it… We’re looking at this idea in just one way, and this is a dangerous way to make decisions. When everyone thinks, alike, no one is doing very much thinking.”(p.155)


Exercise playing the fool
Exercise – Playing the Fool unexpected.”

  • In groups, someone puts out briefly a difficult situation they are puzzling about

  • All help view it from a different/reverse viewpoint

  • If time permits, repeat with a different situation


Participation assignment for next time
Participation assignment for next time unexpected.”

  • Read and think about Heraclitus’ epigrams about life, nature, and the cosmos (p.200/202)

  • Pick a favorite and discuss (write) what you think it means, possibly with more than one interpretation

  • Turn in at beginning of next class


Conceptual mental blocks cont6
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.) unexpected.”

  • Avoid ambiguity

    • “If you tell people where to go, but not how to get there, you’ll be amazed at the results.” (George S. Patton)

    • Take advantage of the ambiguity in the world. Look at something and think about what else it might be.


Paradoxes
Paradoxes unexpected.”

  • Real knowledge is knowing the extent of one’s ignorance. -Confucius

  • Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth. -Picasso

  • There is no surer way to misread any document than to read it literally. –(Judge) Learned Hand

  • Happiness is the absence of striving for happiness. –Chang Tzu


Exercise random cues
Exercise – Random Cues unexpected.”

  • Follow Oech p. 140/148/190:

  • Pick some project decision, or problem you have right now

  • Pick a random number and go to that word on next page

  • Think about how the random thing applies to your situation


Heraclitus epigrams 200 202
Heraclitus’ Epigrams unexpected.”(200/202)

  • What was one of your favorites?

  • Talk a bit about it

  • Other thoughts about the same one?

  • Another favorite one:


Conceptual mental blocks cont7
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.) unexpected.”

  • To err is wrong

    • If you hit every time, the target is too near or too big

    • You miss 100% of the shots you never take (Wayne Gretzky)

    • Differentiate between errors of commission and those of omission - learn how to fail intelligently


Conceptual mental blocks cont8
Conceptual/Mental Blocks (cont.) unexpected.”

  • I’m not creative

    • Visualization and self-fulfilling prophecies

    • “What concerns me is not the way things are, but rather the way people think things are.” (Epictetus)


There is a natural tendency to compare ourselves with others. Unfortunately, when we make these comparisons, we tend to compare our weakest attributes with someone else’s strongest… It is obvious that these kinds of comparisons are destructive and only reinforce the fear that somehow we don’t measure up. (Marvin Ashton)



Successful visualization
Successful Visualization else will

  • Three elements within you that determine how successfully creative visualization will work for you in any given situation:

    • Desire

    • Belief (that preparation and visualization can help you have the result you seek)

    • Acceptance (of that which you are seeking)

  • Net effect of these three is intention


Discover your own creative self
Discover your own creative self else will

  • Look at von Oech’s ten p.222

  • Identify some things about your creative style, for example:

    • Situations when you are/have been more creative

    • Things that help you be creative

    • Blocks to overcome…

  • Take notes for yourself


Successful, creative people are able to shift flexibly among four types of rolesEach involves a different type of thinking

  • Explorer

  • Artist

  • Judge

  • Warrior


Explorer
Explorer four types of roles

  • Search for new information and resources

  • Facts, concepts, experiences, knowledge, feelings...

  • Look off the beaten path, outside the usual


Artist
Artist four types of roles

  • Turn these resources into new ideas

  • Experiment with a variety of approaches, follow your intuition

  • Rearrange things, look at things backwards

  • Ask “what if” questions, look for hidden analogies and connections

  • Break rules


Judge
Judge four types of roles

  • Evaluate the merits of an idea and decide what to do with it

  • Weigh evidence critically, look for drawbacks in the idea, ask if the timing is right, question assumptions

  • Make a decision


Warrior
Warrior four types of roles

  • Carry your idea into action

  • Implement your idea, develop strategy, commit yourself

  • Overcome excuses, obstacles, setbacks

  • Have courage to do whatever it takes


Take a whack at it
Take a whack at it four types of roles


Take a whack at it springboard off von oech s ideas starting on p 237
Take a whack at it four types of rolesspringboard off von Oech’s ideas starting on p.237


ad