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Chapter 14. The Roman Republic. 753 B.C. 753-715 B.C. 745-612 B.C. That just happened!. Founding of Rome by Romulus. Romulus is King of Rome. Assyrian Empire. Time of Jewish Prophet Isaiah. By: Michelangelo. 722 B.C. 724 B.C. 718 B.C. Diaulos (foot Race) added

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Chapter 14

Chapter 14

The Roman Republic


That just happened

753 B.C.

753-715 B.C.

745-612 B.C.

That just happened!

Founding of Rome

by Romulus

Romulus is

King of Rome

Assyrian

Empire

Time of

Jewish

Prophet Isaiah

By:

Michelangelo


722 B.C.

724 B.C.

718 B.C.

Diaulos (foot

Race) added

to Olympics

Samaria, Israel

Capital, falls to

Sargon

The Eternal

Flame of Rome

is ignited

   718 BC - The Eternal Flame of Rome is ignited, tended by the Vestal Virgins.  It was the longest lasting fire, continuing to burn for 1112 years until it was allowed to die-out in 394 AD


715-663 B.C.

708 B.C.

705 B.C.

Numa  Pompilius-

King of Rome

Pentathlon

added

to Olympics

Death of

Sargon II, King

Of Assyria


700 B.C.

690-630 B.C.

689 B.C.

Early Rome at

odds with neighbors

“Sabines”

Roman & Sabine

Kings rule over

Roman Territories

Babylon

destroyed by

Assyrians


688 B.C.

680 B.C.

673-642 B.C.

Boxing added

to Olympics

Etruscan Tarquins

take control

of Rome

Tullus Hostilius,

King of Rome

Four-horse

chariot race

added to

Olympics


670 B.C.

669 B.C.

666 B.C.

First major bridge

"Pons Sublicius"

(wood piles)

built across the

Tiber River to the

Temple to Jupiter

Ashurbanipal

becomes King

of Assyria

Ashurbanipal

establishes

world’s 1st

library


648 B.C.

642-617 B.C.

627 B.C.

Pankration

(boxing/wrestling)

added to

Olympics

Ancus Martius,

King of

Rome

Ashurbanipal

dies


616-510 B.C.

616-579 B.C.

612 B.C.

Rome

dominated by

Etruscan culture

Lucius Tarquinius

(Tarquin I), 1st Etruscan King

of Rome, takes

peaceful control

of Rome

Ninevah is

captured; end

of Assyria


605-562 B.C.

600 B.C.

586 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar,

King of Babylonia

Public Square

“The Forum

Romanum” is

created in

Rome

Destruction

of Jerusalem

and Temple

of Solomon


580 B.C.

578-535 B.C.

570 B.C.

Birth of Cyrus

the Great of

Persia

Servius Tarquinius

Tullius, Latin

King of Rome

Tower of

Babel built

in Babylon


562 B.C.

559 B.C.

550 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar,

King of Babylon, dies (age 84)

Cyrus the Great

comes to power

in Persia

Temple of

Artemis built


549 B.C.

538 B.C.

526 B.C.

Belshazzar comes

to power in

Babylonia

Cyrus the Great

of Persia

conquers Babylonia

Cyrus allows

Jews to return

to Jerusalem

and begin

rebuilding temple


535 B.C.

535-510 B.C.

529 B.C.

Construction on Isle of Samos (oldest tunnel still in use: originally for water now used by pedestrians b/w Greece & Turkey

Lucius Tarquinius

Superbus, “The

Proud” (Tarquin II) – last Etruscan King of Rome

Cyrus the

Great dies


525 B.C.

525 B.C.

522-484 B.C.

Persia conquers

Egypt

Foot race (in armor)

added to Olympics

Darius I “The Great” rules

Persia


515 B.C.

510 B.C.

Temple completed in Jerusalem (only “Western Wall” remains today)

Tarquinius Superbus & other “Tarquins” expelled from Rome


Section 1

Section 1

The Government


What s happening now
What’s happening now???

  • 509 B.C. – Romans overthrew Tarquin the Proud (Etruscan King)

  • Set up a republic


The republic
The Republic

Form of government where citizens choose their rulers



Patricians
Patricians

  • Oldest and richest families

  • Only ones who could hold office

  • Only ones who performed certain rituals


Plebians
Plebians

  • Poorer citizens: merchants, farmers, artisans

  • Paid taxes

  • Served in army

  • Could not hold office

  • Could not marry patricians

  • Could be sold into slavery


Provincials
Provincials

  • Inhabitants of Roman Empire (conquered territories)

  • Some moved to Italian peninsula

  • Not a Roman citizen

  • Few rights

  • Heavily taxed


Slaves
Slaves

  • Not citizens

  • Slaves grew as empire grew

  • Racial and ethnic diversity

  • Could obtain freedom and citizenship


Freedmen
Freedmen

  • Ex-slaves

  • Could be granted citizenship

  • Children were Roman citizens



Consuls
Consuls

  • At the head was 2 consuls

  • Chosen yearly

  • Administrators and military leaders

  • Had power to veto the acts of the other

  • Both had to agree before laws could be passed


The senate
The Senate

  • Made up of 300 senators

  • Chosen for life

  • Handled daily problems of the government

  • Advised consuls

  • Handled problems with other countries

  • Proposed laws

  • Approved public contracts


Government officials
Government Officials

Protected

the rights of

plebians

  • Judges

  • Assemblies

  • Tribunes


Plebians were part of government
Plebians were Part of Government

  • Belonged to assemblies

  • Could declare war & settle on peace terms


Roman law
Roman Law

  • Not written until 450 B.C.

  • Laws were carved on 12 bronze tablets known as The Twelve Tables.

  • Became foundation for future Roman law


Reforms
Reforms

  • Reforms will be made continuously

  • Eventually tribunes will be elected

  • By 250 B.C. no one could be sold into slavery because of debt

  • Plebians will eventually hold office


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