Chapter 14
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Chapter 14. The Roman Republic. 753 B.C. 753-715 B.C. 745-612 B.C. That just happened!. Founding of Rome by Romulus. Romulus is King of Rome. Assyrian Empire. Time of Jewish Prophet Isaiah. By: Michelangelo. 722 B.C. 724 B.C. 718 B.C. Diaulos (foot Race) added

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Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

The Roman Republic

753 B.C.

753-715 B.C.

745-612 B.C.

That just happened!

Founding of Rome

by Romulus

Romulus is

King of Rome



Time of


Prophet Isaiah



722 B.C.

724 B.C.

718 B.C.

Diaulos (foot

Race) added

to Olympics

Samaria, Israel

Capital, falls to


The Eternal

Flame of Rome

is ignited

   718 BC - The Eternal Flame of Rome is ignited, tended by the Vestal Virgins.  It was the longest lasting fire, continuing to burn for 1112 years until it was allowed to die-out in 394 AD

715-663 B.C.

708 B.C.

705 B.C.

Numa  Pompilius-

King of Rome



to Olympics

Death of

Sargon II, King

Of Assyria

700 B.C.

690-630 B.C.

689 B.C.

Early Rome at

odds with neighbors


Roman & Sabine

Kings rule over

Roman Territories


destroyed by


688 B.C.

680 B.C.

673-642 B.C.

Boxing added

to Olympics

Etruscan Tarquins

take control

of Rome

Tullus Hostilius,

King of Rome


chariot race

added to


670 B.C.

669 B.C.

666 B.C.

First major bridge

"Pons Sublicius"

(wood piles)

built across the

Tiber River to the

Temple to Jupiter


becomes King

of Assyria



world’s 1st


648 B.C.

642-617 B.C.

627 B.C.



added to


Ancus Martius,

King of




616-510 B.C.

616-579 B.C.

612 B.C.


dominated by

Etruscan culture

Lucius Tarquinius

(Tarquin I), 1st Etruscan King

of Rome, takes

peaceful control

of Rome

Ninevah is

captured; end

of Assyria

605-562 B.C.

600 B.C.

586 B.C.


King of Babylonia

Public Square

“The Forum

Romanum” is

created in



of Jerusalem

and Temple

of Solomon

580 B.C.

578-535 B.C.

570 B.C.

Birth of Cyrus

the Great of


Servius Tarquinius

Tullius, Latin

King of Rome

Tower of

Babel built

in Babylon

562 B.C.

559 B.C.

550 B.C.


King of Babylon, dies (age 84)

Cyrus the Great

comes to power

in Persia

Temple of

Artemis built

549 B.C.

538 B.C.

526 B.C.

Belshazzar comes

to power in


Cyrus the Great

of Persia

conquers Babylonia

Cyrus allows

Jews to return

to Jerusalem

and begin

rebuilding temple

535 B.C.

535-510 B.C.

529 B.C.

Construction on Isle of Samos (oldest tunnel still in use: originally for water now used by pedestrians b/w Greece & Turkey

Lucius Tarquinius

Superbus, “The

Proud” (Tarquin II) – last Etruscan King of Rome

Cyrus the

Great dies

525 B.C.

525 B.C.

522-484 B.C.

Persia conquers


Foot race (in armor)

added to Olympics

Darius I “The Great” rules


515 B.C.

510 B.C.

Temple completed in Jerusalem (only “Western Wall” remains today)

Tarquinius Superbus & other “Tarquins” expelled from Rome

Section 1

The Government

What’s happening now???

  • 509 B.C. – Romans overthrew Tarquin the Proud (Etruscan King)

  • Set up a republic

The Republic

Form of government where citizens choose their rulers

However, not everyone had a say in the choice

  • Patricians

  • Plebians


  • Oldest and richest families

  • Only ones who could hold office

  • Only ones who performed certain rituals


  • Poorer citizens: merchants, farmers, artisans

  • Paid taxes

  • Served in army

  • Could not hold office

  • Could not marry patricians

  • Could be sold into slavery


  • Inhabitants of Roman Empire (conquered territories)

  • Some moved to Italian peninsula

  • Not a Roman citizen

  • Few rights

  • Heavily taxed


  • Not citizens

  • Slaves grew as empire grew

  • Racial and ethnic diversity

  • Could obtain freedom and citizenship


  • Ex-slaves

  • Could be granted citizenship

  • Children were Roman citizens

Organization of early Roman Republic


  • At the head was 2 consuls

  • Chosen yearly

  • Administrators and military leaders

  • Had power to veto the acts of the other

  • Both had to agree before laws could be passed

The Senate

  • Made up of 300 senators

  • Chosen for life

  • Handled daily problems of the government

  • Advised consuls

  • Handled problems with other countries

  • Proposed laws

  • Approved public contracts

Government Officials


the rights of


  • Judges

  • Assemblies

  • Tribunes

Plebians were Part of Government

  • Belonged to assemblies

  • Could declare war & settle on peace terms

Roman Law

  • Not written until 450 B.C.

  • Laws were carved on 12 bronze tablets known as The Twelve Tables.

  • Became foundation for future Roman law


  • Reforms will be made continuously

  • Eventually tribunes will be elected

  • By 250 B.C. no one could be sold into slavery because of debt

  • Plebians will eventually hold office

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