oecd korea policy centre
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
OECD /KOREA POLICY CENTRE

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

OECD /KOREA POLICY CENTRE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 135 Views
  • Uploaded on

OECD /KOREA POLICY CENTRE. PAKISTAN: FAILURE OF POVERTY REDUCTION EFFORTS by Saifur Rahman Sherani. PAKISTAN PROFILE. Area 796,000 Sq. km Population 164 million Population Average Annual Growth Rate 1.7% GNI US$ 144 Billion GNI per Capita US$ 770

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' OECD /KOREA POLICY CENTRE' - ollie


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
oecd korea policy centre
OECD /KOREA POLICY CENTRE

PAKISTAN: FAILURE OF POVERTY REDUCTION EFFORTS

by

Saifur Rahman Sherani

pakistan profile
PAKISTAN PROFILE

Area 796,000 Sq. km

Population 164 million

Population Average Annual Growth Rate 1.7%

GNI US$ 144 Billion

GNI per Capita US$ 770

Domestic Debt Rs. 1,787 Billion (US$ 28 billion)

External Debt US$ 45 billion

poverty profile
POVERTY PROFILE
  • Poverty Line 2,350 calories per adult equivalent (Rs. 944 in 2006 prices)
  • Population Below Poverty Line: 23.9%
  • Regional variations:
  • NWFP (rural) and FATA 44%
  • Balochistan 47%
  • Punjab (rural) 32%
  • Below $ 1 a day 17%
  • Below S 2 a day 74%
poverty reduction strategy 2003
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY 2003
  • Accelerating economic growth while maintaining macroeconomic stability.
  • Improving governance.
  • Investing in human capital.
  • Targeting the poor and the vulnerable.
social indicators 2007
SOCIAL INDICATORS 2007
  • Adult Literacy Rate 50%
  • Combined Gross Enrolment ratio 40%
  • Net Primary enrolment ratio 68%
  • Life Expectancy 64 years
  • Newborn with Low birth weight 37%
  • Children Underweight 30%
  • Infant Mortality 77
  • Under 5 Mortality 99
  • Maternal Mortality per 100,000 320
budgetary expenditure as of gdp 2007
Budgetary Expenditure as % of GDP2007
  • Education 1.86%
  • Health 0.61%
  • Water supply and Sanitation 0.19%
  • Rural Development 0.25%
  • Food Subsidies 0.06%
  • Food Support Programme 0.04%
  • Population Planning 0.08%
increasing poverty
INCREASING POVERTY
  • Food Crisis
  • Energy Crisis – 4,000 MW power shortage
  • Cottage Industry Shutdown
  • Textile units: 70% closed
  • Increasing Unemployment
  • Inflation 23%
  • Food Prices Increased 200%
government management
Government Management
  • Shortage of wheat - four fold increase in prices
  • (2007 Wheat production 24 million tonnes)
  • Exported 1.5 million tonnes – $208 /tonne
  • Imported 2.5 million tonnes - $400 / tonne
  • Shortage of Power and industrial shut down
  • Load Shedding
  • Shortage of gas and increasing prices of fuel
political turmoil and instability
POLITICAL TURMOIL AND INSTABILITY
  • Military Rule October 1999 to 2008
  • Popular Leadership Exiled and imprisoned
  • Emergency PLUS 2007
  • End of Supreme Court March 2007
  • Superior Judiciary in Chains
  • Army Operation in Balochistan 2005 to 2008
  • Army Operation in Islamabad 2007
  • Wave of Suicide Bombings
  • Political Murders – [Former Prime Minister, Governor, Chief Minister]
war on terror
War on Terror
  • US Attacks in FATA 2003 – to date
  • Military Operation in NWFP 2007
  • Military Operation in FATA 2004 to date
  • Internal Displacement About 2 million people
  • [Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre – No estimates]
return to civilian rule
RETURN TO CIVILIAN RULE
  • Elections February 2008
  • Resignation of Military Ruler August 2008
  • Constitutional Amendments not Reversed
  • New Political Government - 55 federal ministers – 20 more to be appointed
  • Foreign Exchange Reserves Depleted
  • Financial Crisis
  • IMF loan obtained
from discontent to despair
FROM DISCONTENT TO DESPAIR
  • Poverty and Destitution Increasing
  • Ever increasing Food Prices
  • Increasing Unemployment
  • Social Assistance as Political Patronage through elected representatives
  • Federal cabinet of 55 ministers
  • Import of 250 bullet proof vehicles
private social assistance
PRIVATE SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
  • EDHILangar (soup-kitchen) in all major cities
  • Imran Khan 50% Subsidy on baked Bread
  • Private Charities – Food distribution
  • Zakat
government initiatives planned in april 2008 yet to be implemented
Government InitiativesPlanned in April 2008 yet to be Implemented
  • Federal Programme:
  • Benezir Income Support Programme Federal Government - Rs.34 billion
  • Rs. 1,000 per month to 2.83 million poor
  • Provincial Government:
  • Punjab Government Food Stamp Rs. 21.9 billion for 1.8 million Poor
disasters
DISASTERS
  • Drought 1999 - 2003
  • Floods in Balochistan and NWFP 2005 and 2007
  • Earthquake in Northern Pakistan 2005 100,000 killed
  • Earthquake in Balochistan 2008
  • Suicide Bomb Attacks 116
public policy issues
Public Policy Issues
  • Respect and Acceptance of Constitutional Rights of Individuals by the State
  • Restoration of Independent Judiciary
  • Bring Transparency and End Corruption
  • Pro-poor Public Policy
  • Strengthening of Planning
  • Preparation of PRSP - 2
ad