Functional Review IN Cambodia Shelley Flam consultant. German Technical Cooperation Administrative Reform and Decentralization Program Implemented by GTZ. About this Presentation. This presentation – Looks at how functional review fits into D&D reform process
German Technical Cooperation
Administrative Reform and Decentralization Program
Implemented by GTZ
This presentation –
Each council, therefore, will be transferred and will implement specific functions, and will have corresponding resources to do so
Will look next at definitions of –
Decentralization = the transfer/”assignment” of functions and resources to elected sub-national councils that have local discretion to implement the functions and utilize the resources, and that are accountable to citizens(highest level of local discretion)
Delegation = the transfer of a function to sub-national councils to be carried out on behalf of the delegating authority, i.e. a ministry (less local discretion)
Deconcentration= the transfer of tasks from a ministry to its sub-national units,i.e. provincial departments or district offices (often no/little scope to make decisions)
The process of analyzing a sector in order to identify its functions, then determining whether each function should be allocated to a level of sub-national council
For functions that are to be allocated to councils, the process determines whether the function is obligatory or permissive, whether it should be assigned (decentralized) or delegated, and what resources & capacity development are required
The process also identifies what functions should be retained as national level functions, and which of those national level functions should be deconcentrated to line ministry sub-national units
What are some key considerations for designing a process for functional review?
What entry points for consensus building (key consideration #1) might the NCDD offer in terms of its composition and the composition of its structures?
Three-step process is proposed here for functional review –
The Organic Law (Article 215) suggests that the following sectors will be reviewed first –
These sectors are consistent with the priorities set out in the National Development Strategic Plan
Part 2 of the presentation looks at the following key concepts –
primary education versus building primary schools
The RGC database on powers and functions, supported by ARDP, will be an important tool to assist in identifying functions, determining where they are currently implemented, and, where applicable, for suggestions about future arrangements
Some criteria for applying the concept of subsidiarity include –
Rationale was discussed in another presentation. To summarize the potential benefits –
How to maximize chances that the benefits will be realized?