Wp 7 cultural and spiritual vulnerability
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WP 7: Cultural and Spiritual Vulnerability. K. J. Joy and Suhas Paranjape SOPPECOM, Pune 17 March 2010. Presentation Overview. Objectives of the WP Demarcating the boundaries for the WP Areas of enquiry and data needs Instruments/tools for data collection Various steps

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WP 7: Cultural and Spiritual Vulnerability

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Wp 7 cultural and spiritual vulnerability

WP 7:Cultural and Spiritual Vulnerability

K. J. Joy and Suhas Paranjape

SOPPECOM, Pune

17 March 2010


Presentation overview

Presentation Overview

  • Objectives of the WP

  • Demarcating the boundaries for the WP

  • Areas of enquiry and data needs

  • Instruments/tools for data collection

  • Various steps

  • Analysis: vulnerability matrix

  • Timeline


Objectives of the wp

Objectives of the WP

  • To understand the interconnections between cultural and spiritual practices, beliefs and attitudes of different representative groups with different livelihood patterns and biodiversity with which they interact

  • To identify the various contextual factors and developments in the area that are likely to generate cultural and spiritual vulnerability

    • by directly threatening cultural and spiritual diversity

    • by threatening biodiversity through the above interconnections


Objectives of the wp1

Objectives of the WP

To explore in a participative mode coping mechanisms and policies for dealing with cultural and spiritual vulnerability through scenarios


Demarcating the boundaries for the wp

Demarcating the boundaries for the WP

  • Difference between WP4 and WP7

    • WP4 dealing with public beliefs, perceptions, attitudes and preferences is much wider in scope

    • WP7 dealing with culture and spirituality could be a sub-set of WP4

    • In WP7 we focus on cultural and spiritual practices/traditions and institutions in the case basins

    • The key concepts are diversity and vulnerability

    • Our orientation would be to identify vulnerabilities in the context of the drivers for the scenarios


Demarcating the boundaries for the wp1

Demarcating the boundaries for the WP

Not getting into the definitional/conceptual issues related to culture, spirituality, religion, ethnicity, etc., here; would focus more on the practices, traditions, institutions that we want to study


Demarcating the boundaries for the wp2

Demarcating the boundaries for the WP

Shared cultural and spiritual practices, traditions, institutions

Religion

Ethnicity

Castes

Indigenous people

Sects

We are not bringing in the issue of territorial dimension here

Communities do get dispersed over time for various reasons; still they do share in common practices/traditions


Areas of enquiry and data needs

Areas of enquiry and data needs

Number of distinct cultural/spiritual groupings in the case basins

Distribution/locations on GIS

Prepare a separate profile for each group

Rituals and ceremonies around important milestones in the life cycle

Birth, marriage, death and so on

To be captured separately for men, women and any other hierarchy (example: chiefs)


Areas of enquiry and data needs1

Areas of enquiry and data needs

Preparation of the profile

Ways of dressing

Day to day and ceremonial (festivals, events)

Sacred entities and associated practices

Sacred groves, water bodies (Lake Fundudzi), Animals (crocodile), plants, etc.

Practices and taboos around these

Gender distinctions and issue of exclusions

Institutions around all of these

How they get organised? Who are all involved? What roles do they play? Etc.

Formal and informal institutions


Areas of enquiry and data needs2

Areas of enquiry and data needs

These are the main areas where there is a set of shared practices which distinguishes each group

Another set of groupings could be around livelihoods

Groups based on the ways one earn one’s livelihoods

These groups may not have the same degree of shared practices/traditions for various reasons

We need a broad mapping of various livelihood groups in the case areas

Two areas:

Housework (various household activities, rearing of children and so on – reproductive arena

Activities directly related to earning livelihoods – productive arena

Gender division of labour/practices/traditions

Need to capture trends and historical contexts


Areas of enquiry and data needs3

Areas of enquiry and data needs

To sum up what all should go into the profile:

Rituals and ceremonies around important milestones in the life cycle

Dressing

Sacred entities and associated practices

Institutions around all of these

Livelihoods and associated practices

Trends and historical contexts with regard to all of these


Sources instruments and tools

Sources, instruments and tools

Secondary data and sources

The demographic profile and distribution – time series data

Government records, census data, communities’ own documents, gazetteers, historical records, articles, ethnographic studies on communities, and so on


Sources instruments and tools1

Sources, instruments and tools

Primary data

Interviews and focus groups

Interviews

For the detailed profile of the cultural and spiritual groups we have interviews with key informants in the groups

About 4 to 5 interviews per group

Male

Female

It would also be good to have an interview with the chief, leader and so on

Here we cover the issues that go into the preparation of the profile of the groups


Sources instruments and tools2

Sources, instruments and tools

Focus group discussions (FGDs)

Basically to capture changes and trends, drivers, isolate practices that could be taken forward, perceived vulnerabilities, future visions and so on

Two focus group discussions per settlement

We would prepare guidelines/checklists for both interviews and FGDs and circulate

Including the questions related to WP 7 in the HH survey is optional

We could draw on the HH survey for the livelihood groupings


Cultural spiritual practices and biodiversity

Cultural spiritual practices and biodiversity

Not a perception analysis

Basis is the detailed profile of shared cultural and spiritual practices and institutions

The entire set may then be analysed in relation to biodiversity

Isolate practices that may require or depend on biodiversity (food habits, types of dress, livelihood patterns)


Cultural spiritual practices and biodiversity1

Cultural spiritual practices and biodiversity

Isolate practices that may bring about biodiversity conservation (Sacred groves, bans or taboos related to species, preservation of sacred place, etc.)

Isolate a set of best practices that may contribute to sustainable development


A vulnerability matrix

A vulnerability matrix

It is suggested to develop a vulnerability matrix for analysing vulnerability.

It is also a useful tool for the purposes of scenario building.

A matrix rather than a linear scale is suggested to capture the complexity of cultural spiritual practices.


A vulnerability matrix1

A vulnerability matrix

Along the rows, we have the cultural spiritual practices that the community shares

Along the columns we have the main drivers or the proximate drivers that are important for the case study area and the particular community.

Each cell then has a vulnerability value that represents the vulnerability of that practice (row) to that driver (column)


A vulnerability matrix2

A vulnerability matrix

Along the rows, we have the cultural spiritual practices that the community shares

Along the columns we have the main drivers or the proximate drivers that are important for the case study area and the particular community.

Each cell then has a vulnerability value that represents the vulnerability of that practice (row) to that driver (column)


A vulnerability matrix3

A vulnerability matrix

A scale of 1 to 5 is suggested, but it is not a linear scale and may be best translated into categories : for example [Slight or none, Mild, Moderate, High, Very High]

The vulnerabilities here are not necessarily perceived vulnerabilities, but an assessment based on data that includes community perceptions but is not aimed at them.


A vulnerability matrix4

A vulnerability matrix


Sectional vulnerabilities

Sectional vulnerabilities

The matrix described above relates to the vulnerability of the community as a whole. It does not take account of internal variations within the community. For example, women and chiefs may be very differently vulnerable in some respects. That would require a separate analysis.

It is not yet clear whether we should indicate it within the matrix or have a separate analysis for them which points out how they are differently vulnerable.


Steps

Steps

Secondary data collection

Preparation of a preliminary report based on this

Interviews

Preparation of profiles for each cultural-spiritual groups

Focus Groups

Preparation of a report that captures historical trends, perception by he groups about vulnerabilities, drivers, future visions

Analysis and preparation of the vulnerability matrix along with drivers


Timeline

Timeline

List of main cultural spiritual groups within the case study area [Case study partners] [April 15]

Guidelines for FGDs and interviews [WP 7] [April 15]

Preliminary report based on secondary data (distribution, demography, etc.) [Case study partners] [April 30]

Field work [Case study partners and WP 7] [July 31]


Timeline1

Timeline

Draft Reports [Case study partners] [August 31]

Consolidated draft report [WP 7] [September 30]


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