chapter 12
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chapter 12

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 29

The Age of Jackson 1824-1840 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Chapter 12. The Age of Jackson 1824-1840. Section 1. Politics of the People. The Election of 1824. 4 men run John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and William Crawford Jackson won popular vote but not electoral The “corrupt bargain” House of Representatives choose Adams

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Age of Jackson 1824-1840' - oliver

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 12

Chapter 12

The Age of Jackson


section 1

Section 1

Politics of the People

the election of 1824
The Election of 1824
  • 4 men run
    • John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and William Crawford
  • Jackson won popular vote but not electoral
  • The “corrupt bargain”
    • House of Representatives choose Adams
    • Clay was charged with helping Adams get the Presidency in return for a position in the cabinet
jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracy
  • 2 parties form
    • Democrats: supporters of Jackson and the common man
    • National Republicans: supporters of Adams and the wealthy
  • Jacksonian Democracy: implement majority rule by spreading political power to all people
    • Government should be ruled by all, not the educated elite

Andrew Jackson with the Tennessee forces on the Hickory Grounds (Ala) A.D. 1814, (between 1834 and 1845) unknown

the people s president
The People’s President
  • Jackson elected in 1828
  • First president not from Massachusetts or Virginia
  • Rose form a humble beginning to a man of power
    • Represented every American’s dreams
  • Threw an inauguration party on the White House lawn
a new political era begins
A New Political Era Begins
  • Jackson’s election marked the beginning of a new political era
  • Spoils System
    • Giving of government jobs to political backers
    • Jackson began this practice in America
    • Creates a strong government for the President
  • Will face 3 main issues
    • Status of Native Americans
    • Rights of the States
    • Role of the bank in the U.S.
section 2

Section 2

Jackson’s Policy Toward Native Americans

native americans in the southeast
Native Americans in the Southeast
  • Members of the Five Civilized Tribes held good farming land in the Southeast
  • Most whites wanted to remove them form the land
  • The Cherokee Nation
    • Adopted white customs
    • Acquired a written language, a constitution, and some held slaves
jackson s removal policy
Jackson’s Removal Policy
  • Wanted to remove Indians west of the Mississippi River
  • Indian Removal Act (1830)
    • Called for the government to negotiate treaties with the tribes to relocate west
the trail of tears
The Trail of Tears
  • Land was set aside in Oklahoma for the Indians
    • Became known as Indian Territory
  • Removals began in 1831 with the Choctaws
  • Cherokees
    • Sued the state of Georgia in 1832
    • John Marshal ruled that states cannot make laws governing the Indians
    • Jackson ignored the ruling
    • Cherokees began removal in 1838
    • Journey became known as the Trail of Tears

Painting by Robert Lindneux, retrieved from

native american resistance
Native American Resistance
  • The Second Seminole War (1835-1842)
    • Seminoles refused to leave Florida
    • Led by Osceola
    • Part of the Seminoles were removed while others were allowed to remain in Florida
  • Black Hawk War (1832)
    • Sauk chief Black Hawk led a group of Indians back to their land in Illinois
    • Militia and the U.S. army crush the uprising


Black Hawk

Permission Chicago Historical Society

section 3

Section 3

Conflicts Over States Rights

rising sectional differences
Rising Sectional Differences
  • 3 major economic issues
    • Sale of public lands
    • Internal improvements
    • Tariffs
  • Led to a rise in sectionalism
tariff of abominations
Tariff of Abominations
  • Southerners felt Northern economic interest was controlling national policy
  • Southerners had to sell cotton at lower prices and pay higher prices for manufactured goods
nullification crises
Nullification Crises

John C. Calhoun

  • Jackson’s Vice President
  • From South Carolina
  • Favored states rights
  • Introduced doctrine of nullification
    • states have the right to declare a law unconstitutional within its borders
the state s rights debate
The State’s Rights Debate
  • Webster-Hayne debate
    • Senate debate over who should have more power, the states or the federal government
  • Andrew Jackson favored strong federal government
  • John Calhoun favored states rights
  • Major political issue that divides the nation
south carolina threatens to secede
South Carolina Threatens to Secede
  • South Carolina nullifies the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832
    • Threatens secession
  • Jackson wins reelection in 1832
    • Henry Clay is new vice president
  • Clay introduced a compromise treaty in 1833
    • Treaty ended the crises
  • This crises lays the roots for the Civil War
section 4

Section 4

Prosperity and Panic

mr biddle s bank
Mr. Biddle’s Bank
  • Biddle
    • President of the Second Bank of the U.S.
    • Set policies that controlled the money supply
    • Asked Congress to renew bank charter in 1834
  • Jackson believed bank policies favored the rich
    • Thought bank had to much power
jackson s war on the bank
Jackson’s War on the Bank
  • Jackson vetoes charter renewal in 1832
    • Called the bank unconstitutional
    • Made the bank the central issue of his 1832 election campaign
    • Believed his reelection gave him public support to destroy the bank
    • Deposited government money in state banks
  • Biddle makes it harder to borrow money
  • Bank goes out of business
prosperity becomes panic
Prosperity Becomes Panic
  • Banks issued too much paper money
    • Caused inflation
    • Jackson demands all land must be bought in gold or silver
  • Panic of 1837
    • Banks ran out of gold and silver
    • Banks close
    • Country goes into a depression
    • 90% of Eastern factories closed in 1837
    • Americans blame Jackson’s successor Van Buren for the depression
rise of the whig party
Rise of the Whig Party
  • Van Buren thought government should stay out of economics
  • Clay and Webster begin the Whig Party
    • Opposed a powerful president
    • Nominated William Harrison for President in 1840
election of 1840
Election of 1840
  • Whigs emphasized personalities in the election
    • Appeal to the common people
    • Appeal to the West
  • Harrison wins
    • Dies on April 4, 1841 from pneumonia
    • First president to die in office
    • John Tyler assumes the Presidency