An Overview of Solar & Wind Energy in the Kingdom of Bahrain and the GCC States
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An Overview of Solar & Wind Energy in the Kingdom of Bahrain and the GCC States Amman 27-28 March 2012 Khalid A. Burashid. Arabian Gulf. Energy Consumption GWh. Energy Demand Forecast (MW). 6500.

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An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

An Overview of Solar & Wind Energy in the Kingdom of Bahrain and the GCC States

Amman 27-28 March 2012

Khalid A. Burashid


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Arabian Gulf


Energy consumption gwh

Energy Consumption GWh


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Energy Demand Forecast (MW)

6500

5503

4803

3539

2812

2015

2025

2020

2030

2011

4


Energy consumption by sector

Energy consumption by sector


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

The Study

Contents

Solar Energy

Wind Energy

Bahrain’s Development Project


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Coverage Zone

Bahrain

E 50o 33` N 26o 1` 39”


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Coverage Zone

E 47o 58` N 29o 22`

Kuwait

Bahrain

E 50o 33` N 26o 1` 39”

Doha

E 51o 32` 0” N 25o 17`12”

Al Hufuf

E 49o 35` N 25o 23`

Abu Dhabi

Muscat

E 58.54o 33` N 23.61


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Coverage Zone

E 47o 58` N 29o 22`

Kuwait

Qaysuma

Bahrain

E 50o 33` N 26o 1` 39”

Doha

E 51o 32` 0” N 25o 17`12”

Al Hufuf

E 49o 35` N 25o 23`

Abu Dhabi

Muscat

E 58.54o 33` N 23.61

Solar

Wind


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Coverage Zone

E 38o 39`11” N 31o 40` 39”

E 47o 58` N 29o 22`

Turaif

Kuwait

Qaysuma

Bahrain

E 50o 33` N 26o 1` 39”

E 36o 25` 0 ” N 26o 17 ` 0 ”

Doha

Al Wajh

E 51o 32` 0” N 25o 17`12”

Al Hufuf

E 49o 35` N 25o 23`

Abu Dhabi

Muscat

E 58.54o 33` N 23.61

Gizan

E 42o 33`40” N16o 53`21”

Solar

Wind


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Annual direct normal irradiance “GCC”


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Global Cloud Cover

Source: NASA MODIS TerraSat


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly Average Daily Global Radiation and average

Sunshine hours in Bahrain

9.2 hrs

5180 Whr/m2


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly average daily global radiation and Sunshine hours in Qatar (Doha)

9.3 hrs

5260 Whr/m2


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly average daily global radiation and sunshine hours in Saudi Arabia (Al Hufuf)

8.7 hrs

5670 Whr/m2


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly average daily global radiation and Sunshine hours in Kuwait

8.9 hrs

5990 Whr/m2


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly average daily global radiation and Sunshine hours in Oman (Al Sib)

9.6 hrs

5410 Whr/m2


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Daily average solar radiation in the G.C.C Countries


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly average Irradiance on tilted plane (Bahrain)


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Mathematical Model for Monthly Average Daily Global Radiation in Bahrain


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Bahrain’s monthly variation of the fraction of possible duration of sunshine hours and the Clearness Index

June 0.635

H =Ho [A + B (S/So)]


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

The Radiation Model

For the Kingdom of Bahrain

H/Ho = 0.45186 S/So - 0.00924 RH - 0.00788 T + 1.03452

T : monthly mean daily temperature in oC.

RH : monthly mean relative humidity


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Comparison between the proposed H/Ho model and other models for Bahrain

23


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Comparison of the proposed model with the measured values for some GCC locations


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Wind Energy


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Mean Annual Wind Speeds in Bahrain


Wind summary bahrain

Wind summary - Bahrain


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Mean Annual Wind Speeds in Qatar


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Mean Annual Wind Speeds in UAE

29


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Mean Annual Wind Speeds in Kuwait

m/sec


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Solar versus wind powers in the Arabian Gulf Countries (W/m2)

!!


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly average wind speeds in Bahrain

and selected GCC locations


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Monthly average wind speeds in Bahrain

and selected GCC locations


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Bahrain's Demonstration Project

Solar and Wind

Bahrain's Vision for Renewal energy

Why solar & wind

Implementation Program


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Onshore potential areas were defined after subtracting from the total areas of Bahrain:

• Residential and touristic areas with a minimum distance of 500m from them

• Industrial and agricultural areas were excluded only when infrastructure existed

• Airports and their surroundings following guidelines from ICAO Protected areas (wild life sanctuary, parks etc.)

Net area available is 218 km2


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Offshore potential areas

were defined by subtracting from the total exclusive economical zone of Bahrain:

• All areas with a water depth larger than 30m

• Areas with visual impact on onshore facilities (10km facing touristic areas and 5km facing residential areas)

• Main shipping lane entering the port with a buffer region around it and all the ‘Bahrain Port Limit’ as specified by the ‘General Organization of Sea Ports’.

Net available area is 4,980 km2


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Possible sites for wind

generators

Wind speed measured at 80 meters height


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Wind speed measured at 100 meters height


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

The solar resources in Bahrain are relatively uniform, locations with better wind speed may also be better for solar panels to control the temperature. This means location criteria for Wind and Solar energy are similar


Initial proposed site assessment for the observation plant

Initial Proposed Site Assessment for the Observation Plant

  • Capital Cost : US $ 12 Million

EWA proposed a site located south East. A = 13 hectars


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Conclusion

Solar Energy:

Bahrain and the rest of the GCC states are subjected to very high solar radiation levels during summer months reaching up to 7200 Whr/m2 with an annual mean radiation of 5200 Whr/m2which justifies the use of this energy for small/medium size power generation

Despite the availability of such enormous energy, which is clean and renewable, applications are still very limited in this region. There are only a few ambitious programs for research and development aimed to expand the usage of these energies.

Electricity production and Sea water desalination utilizing Reverse Osmosis process powered by Solar and wind turbines may also be considered for small and medium size plants in remote areas.


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Wind Energy:

Preliminary results show that the average wind ranges between 4.0 and 5.5 m/s. In a windy day wind power is equivalent to about 225 Watt/m2 distributed over 24 hours period.

Because of the frequency of calms, wind power can not contribute significantly to a firm power generation, however, it could be efficiently used in a hybrid wind/solar scheme.

Further research and Studies on wind potential is recommended for developing experience with turbine generators performance and their economics in this region


An overview of solar wind energy in the kingdom of bahrain and the gcc states

Thank You

Khalid Burashid


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