Qin dynasty
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Qin Dynasty. Chinas classical age. Shi Huangdi. First emperor Conquered warring states Abolished feudal states Divided China into military districts. His spies reported on officials Divided nobles lands among peasants Peasants paid high taxes. Positives. Standard weights and measures

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Qin Dynasty

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Qin dynasty

Qin Dynasty

Chinas classical age


Shi huangdi

Shi Huangdi

  • First emperor

  • Conquered warring states

  • Abolished feudal states

  • Divided China into military districts


Qin dynasty

  • His spies reported on officials

  • Divided nobles lands among peasants

  • Peasants paid high taxes


Positives

Positives

  • Standard weights and measures

  • Standardized money

  • Roads and canals for transportation


Negatives

Negatives

  • Jailed/killed critics

  • Targeted feudal nobles & Confucian scholars

  • Book burning of literature and philosophy


Built great wall

Built great wall

  • Joined previous walls together

  • Hundreds of thousands of workers

  • 25” tall with road on top


Qin dynasty

  • Wall extended over centuries

  • Became symbol

  • Divided Chinas civilized world from “barbarians”


Collapse of qin dynasty

Collapse of Qin Dynasty

  • Died 210 BC

  • Revolts over heavy taxes, forced labor & cruel policies

  • Illiterate peasant leader defeated armies and began the Han Dynasty


Han dynasty

Han Dynasty

  • Wudi - Most famous emperor

  • Strengthened gov. & econ.

  • Confucian officials

  • University at Xian


Improved economy

Improved economy

  • Improving canals & roads

  • Granaries for selling grain

  • Gov. monopoly on iron & salt to reduce taxes


Wudi the warrior emperor

Wudi -The Warrior Emperor

  • Expanded Chinas borders

  • Outposts in other parts of Asia

  • Spread Chinese influence

  • political marriages for alliances


Opened trade route silk road

Opened trade route: silk road

  • Linked China with west for centuries

  • exported: silk, jewels, or spices

  • Imported: grapes, figs, cucumbers & walnuts


Han society

Han society

  • Confucianism made the official belief system of the state

  • Scholars ran the bureaucracy

  • Officials required to match the Confucian ideal: courteous, dignified and highly educated


Civil service examinations

Civil service examinations

  • Officials got positions on merit

  • Exams given on local and national level

  • needed to study Confucian classics, history, poetry and customs based on Confucius

  • Exams open to all


However

However:

  • Only those who could afford years of study could take exam

  • Occasionally wealthy family would “sponsor” a brilliant peasant boy

  • Maintained Confucian ideals for 2000 years.


Women

women

  • Cant take civil service exams

  • Few women received an education

  • Role was: obedience and submission


Achievements

Achievements

  • Astronomy/time

  • Technology

  • Paper

  • Medicine & acupuncture

  • Arts and architecture


Collapse of the han dynasty

Collapse of the Han Dynasty

  • Deterioration of dynasty

  • Loss of control over warlords

  • Weak rulers

  • Heavy taxes

  • Peasant revolts

  • Eventually broke into several kingdoms


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