The family development project a university of michigan and detroit head start partnership
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The Family Development Project: A University of Michigan and Detroit Head Start Partnership. Michael S. Spencer Laura P. Kohn. Special Thanks. The W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the UM School of Social Work Global Program on Youth The Ginsberg Center for Community Service Learning

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The family development project a university of michigan and detroit head start partnership

The Family Development Project: A University of Michigan and Detroit Head Start Partnership

Michael S. Spencer

Laura P. Kohn


Special thanks
Special Thanks and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • The W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the UM School of Social Work Global Program on Youth

  • The Ginsberg Center for Community Service Learning

  • UM Undergraduate Research Opportunity Program (UROP)

  • NIMH Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health


The family development project
The Family Development Project and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Goal: Improve early screening and intervention for behavioral and emotional problems in Detroit Head Start programs.

  • Development of collaborative partnership with Detroit Head Start agencies.

    • University of Michigan faculty: Michael Spencer, Laura Kohn, Oscar Barbarin.

    • Detroit Head Start Partners: Detroit Public Schools, New St. Paul Tabernacle, City of Detroit Department of Human Services, Vistas Nuevas Agency.


Background and purpose of research
Background and Purpose of Research and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Increasing rates of serious mental health problems among children (Bird, 1996; Richters, 1993; Shaffer, 1996).

  • Large numbers of children do not receive services (UNOCAPP, 1998).

  • Availability, accessibility in urban, low-income,ethnic minority communities.

  • Research for social change.


Transformative research process
Transformative Research Process and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Original research focus on risk factors for mental health problems.

  • Skepticism and negotiation.

  • Re-examination of research paradigm.

  • Listening to needs of Head Start program.

  • Evolution of community-based research and service learning project.


Value based multicultural community research approach
Value-based, Multicultural, Community Research Approach and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Collaboration on all phases of research.

  • Integrates knowledge/action for mutual benefit.

  • Incorporates cyclical and iterative process.

  • Disseminates findings by all partners.

  • Builds on strengths/resources in community.

  • Health from positive/ecological perspective.

  • Promotes co-learning and reciprocal transfer of knowledge, skills, capacity and power.


Integrating service learning
Integrating Service Learning and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Need for tangible and immediate benefits.

    • Greatest need in the classrooms

    • Attention to emotional/behavioral problems

  • Undergraduate Volunteer Assistants

    • Assist in classroom

    • Assist with research protocols

  • Graduate Student Field Placement

    • Research project liaisons

    • Practice Fieldwork

    • Supervision of undergraduates


Goals of fdp service learning
Goals of FDP service learning and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Develop students’ academic interest in children’s mental health, cultural studies, community psychology and social work.

  • Develop students’ sense of citizenship and community service.

  • Promote values of equality and social justice.


Fdp service learning approach
FDP Service Learning Approach and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Undergraduate students work one-half day session per week in Head Start Classrooms.

  • Graduate students spend several hours per week in fluid roles, depending on needs.

  • Students attend weekly seminar with readings and critical dialogues.

    • Pedagogical method to foster student identity development and critical consciousness.


Successes
Successes and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Ongoing research partnership with increasing trust and collaboration.

  • Collection of qualitative and quantitative data useful for parents and teachers.

  • Provision of unique educational experiences for undergraduate and graduate students in an economically-disadvantaged community.


Challenges and obstacles
Challenges and Obstacles and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Manifestation of mistrust.

    • Initial & Individual

  • Congruency between research and immediate needs.

  • Administrative realities of partnership agency.

  • Role of investigators.

    • Realities of tenure-track.

    • Values as faculty of color.


Results of our research
Results of our research and Detroit Head Start Partnership


Next steps for screening
Next steps for screening and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Follow up with teacher screen for students in the 75% or above

  • Provide strategies for parenting for each of the subscales

  • Provide list of resources for parents and children

  • Secondary analyses with demographic data

  • Revise screener based on exploratory analyses and qualitative data


Qualitative results
Qualitative results and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Analyses based on pre-determined set of codes developed from hypotheses

  • Transcripts have been entered and coded in Atlas TI

  • Currently, conducting analyses on data

  • Use interviews to validate screener and to develop interventions for children and parents


Service utilization example
Service utilization—example and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Teachers emphasize formal systems,

    • Specifically the Head Start mental health system (teachers, specialists, assistants, coordinators)

    • More specific of the process

    • Parent denial—source of mistrust

  • Parents emphasis informal systems

    • including friends/neighbors, ministers, church pastors, other parents, co-workers

    • Less specificity—just the who/where, not how

    • Crisis oriented—police

    • Parent blame as source of mistrust


Other project activities
Other project activities and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Presentations to mental health coordinators, parent policy committees, teachers, and parent interest groups

  • Provide information on specific children’s mental health issues, e.g., selective mutism, parent depression

  • Resources—parenting strategies, 9-11, dance/movement, gifted children


Future directions
Future directions and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Developing curriculum for family advocacy through our service learning program

  • Developing an intervention for parents with a mental illness (depression) and in crisis

  • Refinement of screening tool

  • Development of an ACCESS database for DPS

  • Survey of service utilization

  • Feasibility and appropriateness of interventions


Summary
Summary and Detroit Head Start Partnership

  • Analysis and Dissemination of Research

    • Qualitative parent and teacher interviews

    • Quantitative data

    • Manuscripts on lessons learned, stigmatization of African American children

  • Nurturing collaborative partnership

    • Service learning component

    • Intervention development

    • Adherence to principles of CBR


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