The abolitionist movement
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The Abolitionist Movement. Slavery. all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself [herself] voluntarily Control through violence or threat of violence Exploitation for profit Loss of free will .

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The Abolitionist Movement

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The abolitionist movement

The Abolitionist Movement


Slavery

Slavery

  • all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself [herself] voluntarily

  • Control through violence or threat of violence

  • Exploitation for profit

  • Loss of free will


Abolition

Abolition

  • Definition: A complete end to slavery

  • Abolitionist: some one that works toward a complete end to slavery.

  • Emancipation: The immediate freedom from the control of another person.


History

History

  • Quakers fought for an end to slavery from colonial times

  • In the Second Great Awakening Christians pushed for change on moral grounds.

  • Words of the Declaration of Independence included equality for all.


Spreading the message

Spreading the Message

  • Newspapers/Books

    • The Liberator: poetry and literature

    • The North Star & Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

  • Speaking Tours

    • Some white activist: Angelina and Sarah Grimke

    • Freed African Americans: Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth and Charles Remond

  • Groups

    • American Anti-Slavery Society: wanted an end to slavery immediately


Underground railroad

Underground Railroad

  • A network of people that arrange transportation and hiding places for African Americans as they try to escape from slavery.

  • Spread path information in songs & other cultural tools

  • Wore disguises and moved along the trails at night.

  • Sometimes they were transported by hiding in boxes or wagons


Songs follow the drinking gourd

Songs (Follow the Drinking Gourd)

  • When the Sun comes backAnd the first quail callsFollow the Drinking Gourd,For the old man is a-waiting for to carry you to freedomIf you follow the Drinking Gourd

  • The riverbank makes a very good road.The dead trees will show you the way.Left foot, peg foot, travelling on,Follow the Drinking Gourd.

  • The river ends between two hillsFollow the Drinking Gourd.There’s another river on the other sideFollow the Drinking Gourd.

  • When the great big river meets the little riverFollow the Drinking Gourd.For the old man is a-waiting for to carry to freedomIf you follow the Drinking Gourd.


Songs

Songs

http://pathways.thinkport.org/secrets/music1.cfm


Quilt patterns

Quilt Patterns

  • Monkey WrenchDrunkard’s Path

  • Bow tieBear Claw Trail


Underground railroad1

Underground Railroad

  • Trail known as the “railroad”

  • The hiding places during the day were called “stations”

  • The abolitionists who traveled with the fugitives Conductors”…offered there home for protection were known as “station managers”

  • Over 40,000 African Americans saved


Harriet tubman

Harriet Tubman

  • Escaped from slavery in 1849

  • Went back to the south 19 times to help others escape slavery

  • She successfully led her family and 300 other African Americans to safety in the North and Canada.

  • At one point the bounty for her capture was $40,000


Opposition

Opposition

  • Government: placed a gag rule on discussing emancipation petitions from 1836-1844.

  • Northern politicians: some thought African Americans would take jobs from whites.

  • Southern whites: They believed slavery was vital to their economy. Used racism to validate their ideas.


The abolitionist movement

  • http://www.history.com/videos/abolitionists-and-the-underground-railroad


Slavery today

Slavery Today?

  • Does slavery still exist today?

  • http://www.freedomcenter.org/slavery-today/#


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