Evaluation of Testicular Disorders. Richard E. Freeman MD MPH 2013 Lock Haven University. Section 1. TESTICULAR EVALUATION. Testicular Anatomy. History . Age of Patient helpful in limiting differential and determining responsible organisms : Nature of Pain: Severity Quality Radiation
Richard E. Freeman MD MPH
Lock Haven University
Abdominal Exam - Complete
Retrograde infection from the urinary tract.
failure of patent processusvaginalis to close & failure of peritoneal fluid to be re-absorbed
Common in newborns 1-6/100 boys
Rarer in Adult males 1/100
Certain medical conditions: cystic fibrosis
Chronic constipation. Straining during bowel movements
Excess weight: moderately to severely overweight puts extra pressure on abdomen.
Pregnancy: This can both weaken the abdominal muscles and cause increased pressure inside your abdomen.
Certain occupations: Having a job that requires standing for long periods or doing heavy physical labor increases risk of developing an inguinal hernia.
Premature birth: Infants who are born early are more likely to have inguinal hernias.
History of hernias: one inguinal hernia, it's much more likely develop another — usually on the opposite side.