Functional theory of social stratification
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Functional Theory of Social Stratification. Basic assumption: Social inequality is universal, therefore inequality must help society survive. Aspects of Functionalism. Society must make certain that all roles are filled. Some roles are more important than others.

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Functional theory of social stratification
Functional Theory of Social Stratification

Basic assumption:

Social inequality is universal, therefore inequality must help society survive


Aspects of functionalism
Aspects of Functionalism

  • Society must make certain that all roles are filled.

  • Some roles are more important than others.

  • Some roles must be filled by more qualified people.

  • To motivate more qualified people, society must offer greater rewards.


Flaws of functionalism
Flaws of functionalism

  • Society does not provide equal access to education and jobs.

  • Rewards do not always reflect the “social values” of roles.


Conflict theory of social stratification
Conflict Theory of Social Stratification

Basic assumption:

Social inequality results from the constant struggle for scare resources.


Aspects of conflict theory
Aspects of Conflict Theory

  • From the struggle winners (elite class) and losers (lower class) emerge.

  • By exploiting the lower class, the elite are able to maintain their dominance in society.


Flaws in conflict theory
Flaws in Conflict Theory

  • Unequal rewards are based in part by differences in talents and skills.

  • Desire to improve and motivation to achieve play a role in mobility among the classes.


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