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Fifty years of innovation and cooperation in satellite meteorology. J érô me Lafeuille World Meteorological Organization. Space-based Global Observing System. 1961. 1978. 1990. 2009. A visionary approach: from science to applications. Crossroads of Science and Engineering. Science

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fifty years of innovation and cooperation in satellite meteorology

Fifty years of innovation and cooperation in satellite meteorology

Jérôme Lafeuille

World Meteorological Organization

space based global observing system
Space-based Global Observing System

1961

1978

1990

2009

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

crossroads of science and engineering
Crossroads of Science and Engineering
  • Science

Radiative transfer

Product algorithms

Data assimilation

  • Engineering

Sensor design

and performances

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

visionary projects
Visionary projects
  • Flat Plate Radiometer: opened 50 years of Earth Radiation measurements for climate monitoring
  • Geostationary imagery: unique vantage point for weather monitoring and nowcasting
  • Education and user tools : McIdas

Courtesy of Meteo-France

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

satellites in the global meteorological infrastructure
Satellites in the global meteorological infrastructure

Coordinated Satellite Activities

Global Observing System

Global Data Processing and Forecasting

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

slide7

Major data source for NWP

LEO Sounders

LEO Imagers

GEO imagers

Scatterometers

GPS Radio Occultation

Satellite Winds (AMVs)

Courtesy of ECMWF

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

data products

QuikSCAT

Data Products

EUMETSAT

NOAA

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

NOAA

data products applications
Data Products Applications

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

required continuity
Required continuity…
  • Operational continuity with near-real time global coverage data
  • Comprehensive and sustained monitoring of Essential Climate Variables

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

international cooperation satellite meteorology

First APT reception from Tiros-5 in Lannion, France, 24 Dec 1962

International cooperation & satellite meteorology
  • 1961:Launch of Tiros-2 with FPR on board UN Resol.1721 on cooperation in satellite meteorology
  • 1963: WMO establishes World Weather Watch and the GOS Launch of Tiros-5 with APT
  • 66-73: Launch of scanning camera aboard geostationary ATS-1 Global Atmospheric Research programme (GARP) Coordination of Geostationary satellites: CGMS
  • 1978: First Global GARP Experiment (FGGE) involves 5 GEOFirst contingency relocation of a satellite (Indian ocean)
  • 79-09: India (79), China (89), Korea (05) joined CGMSSatellite back-up operations in 84, 91, 92, 98, 03
  • 1998: USA & Europe sign Initial Joint Polar System agreement
  • 2006: Response to GCOS by CGMS & CEOS (virtual constellations)

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

coordination group for meteorological satellites cgms
Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS)
  • 37 years
  • 12 satellite operators
  • Geostationary constellation of 10-15 satellites
  • 3 polar-orbiting constellations of 2-3 satellites
  • Other missions (altimetry, GPS RO)in transition from R&D to operations
  • Contingency plan
  • Technical standards
  • Intercalibration
  • Products
  • Training

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

challenges1
Challenges
  • Continuity and improvement of operational constellations
  • Sustained observation of ALL Essential Climate Variables observable from space
  • Transition Research to Operations for priority, mature observaions
  • Generation of QC products
  • Integration : network optimization, composite products, system interoperability

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

slide16

Thank you !

Fifty years of Satellite Meteorology

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