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CHÙA HUYỀN KHÔNG (Xuan Kong Si) Ngôi Chùa Treo ( Hanging Buddhist Monastery) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CHÙA HUYỀN KHÔNG (Xuan Kong Si) Ngôi Chùa Treo ( Hanging Buddhist Monastery) Hình ảnh lấy từ Google Earth ĐVGiáp thực hiện. Xuan Kong Si : Hanging Chinese Buddhist Monastery The Hanging Temple is a temple built into a sheer cliff above

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CHÙA HUYỀN KHÔNG (Xuan Kong Si) Ngôi Chùa Treo ( Hanging Buddhist Monastery)

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Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

CHÙA HUYỀN KHÔNG

(Xuan Kong Si)

Ngôi Chùa Treo

(Hanging Buddhist Monastery)

Hình ảnh lấy từ Google Earth

ĐVGiáp thực hiện


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Xuan Kong Si : Hanging Chinese Buddhist Monastery

The Hanging Temple is a temple built into a sheer cliff above

Jinlong Canyon, near Mount Heng in the province of Shanxi.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Its halls and pavilions are built along the contours

of the cliff face using the natural hollows and outcrops.

The buildings are connected by corridors, bridges and boardwalks.

The closest city is Datong, 65 kilometers to the northwest.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Along with the Yungang Grottoes,

the Hanging Temple is one of the

main tourist attractions and historical

sites in the Datong area.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Built more than 1400 years ago, this temple is unique not only

for its location on a sheer precipice but also because it includes

Buddhist, Taoist, and Confucian elements.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Hanging Monastery, built in 491, has survived more than 1400 years.

The extant monastery was largely rebuilt and maintained

in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

How could a building like this withstand the winds and storms of so many years? Hanging Monastery is an architectural wonder.

A unique mechanical theory was applied to building the framework.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Crossbeams were half-inserted into the rock as the

foundation, while the rock in back became its support.

Seen from below, Hanging Monastery appears

to be a tumble-down castle in the air.

Inside, Hanging Monastery provides the

same scene as other temples.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Construction experts from countries including Britain, Germany, and Italy,

come to see the monastery. In their words, Hanging Monastery,

which mixes mechanics, aesthetics, and Buddhism, is rare.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

The monastery and everything it symbolizes embodies a

great cultural achievement of Chinese people.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

The second attraction of Hanging Monastery is that it includes Buddhism,

Taoism and Confucianism. Inside the monastery, the sculptures of Sakyamuni,

Confucius and Laotzu appear together, which is unusual.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

There are 40 halls and cabinets, which contain about 80 sculptures made of copper, iron, terracotta, and stone. The features are vividly carved.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Why build a monastery like this? Location is the first reason; building a monastery on the cliff could shield it from floods.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

In addition, the mountain peak protects it from rain and snow; and the mountain around it also diminishes damage from long-time sunshine.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

The second reason is that the builders followed a principle in Taoism: no noises, including those from rooster crowing and dog baying; so from the upper ground, all noises drop away.


Ch a huy n kh ng xuan kong si ng i ch a treo hanging buddhist monastery

Hình ảnh lấy từ Google Earth

ĐỗVănGiáp thực hiện


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