An Introduction to Human Geography The Cultural Landscape, 9e James M. Rubenstein. Chapter 13. Urban Patterns. Geog 1050 Victoria Alapo, Instructor. Urban Settlements. Urbanization Worldwide Increasing urban percentage & populations
The Cultural Landscape, 9e
James M. Rubenstein
Victoria Alapo, Instructor
The Boston–Washington corridor contains about one-quarter of U.S. population – on 2% of U.S. land area! This area is called Megalopolis.
Cities with 2 million or more people. Many qualifying cities are NOT shown.
Note that of the 50 largest cities in the world, 5 of them are in Africa.
In the concentric zone model, a city grows in a series of rings surrounding the CBD.
In the sector model, a city grows in a series of wedges or
corridors extending out from the CBD.
The multiple nuclei model views a city as a collection of individual centers,
around which different people and activities cluster.
The central city is surrounded by a ring road, around which are suburban areas
and edge cities, shopping malls, office parks, industrial areas, and service complexes.
Top professionals in Glasgow, Scotland, are more likely to live near the center of the city,
in contrast to most U.S. cities, where the wealthy mostly live in suburbs.
New housing in the U.K. is likely to be in planned new towns (in a compact manner).
I also noticed this while flying over Canada. On the other hand, growth in the U.S. occurs
in discontinuous developments. See photo and caption on pg 455.
In many Latin American cities, the
wealthy live in the inner city and in a
sector extending along a commercial
spine, while the poor live on the
outskirts of the city (or “suburbs”).
The Latin American model is in
direct contrast to the U.S., where the
poor tend to live close to downtown,
and the wealthy live in the suburbs.
There were many Pre-Colonial Cities in Africa, many of which STILL do exist as the modern cities of today. This photo shows the ruins of the Great Zimbabwe, which existed prior to the colonial period. Some pre-colonial cities that still exist today include Ibadan, Kano, etc (Nigeria); Timbuktu (Mali); Kumasi (Ghana), and so on.
This pre-colonial old city in North Africa has narrow winding streets and dense population.
The French laid out a new district to the west with a geometric street pattern
(thus showing a “dual city” pattern).
The following few slides contain photographs of some of today’s African cities (unfortunately usually not seen in popular media).
This photo shows a section of Nairobi, Kenya.
The City of Abidjan, Cote d’ Ivoire (Ivory Coast) today’s African cities (unfortunately usually not seen in popular media).
Top: Windhoek, Namibia today’s African cities (unfortunately usually not seen in popular media).
Bottom: Nairobi, Kenya
In Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), the French demolished the previous city and
replaced it with a colonial design with boulevards and public squares.
Gentrification is when wealthy & middle class people move back into downtown. Any examples in Omaha?
The problems of urbanization include urban primacy, housing, sanitation, traffic, unemployment, inadequate services, etc. Problems in this city (Lagos) are similar to those you will find in South America or Asia. See video.
In your textbook, this figure of Brussels (Belgium) illustrates the integration of heavy rail and
light rail in public transport, which might reduce the need for driving individual cars.
New York City is trying to work in that direction too.