schizophrenia. HOW MANY MARKS FOR THIS OPTION ON EXAM?. The Schizophrenia option will constitute between 5-8 marks on the exam. This schizophrenic option will only be examined in the SHORT ANSWER section of the exam. KEY KNOWLEDGE:. This knowledge includes:
Most psychotic disorders develop gradually, although some can occur abruptly.
In order to be diagnosed an individual must have some symptoms persisting for at least 6 months
interest in activities and socialising
rather it is a variety of genes that
prefrontal cortex is
reduced – This is
known as hypofrontality
lobes. Activation of
auditory cortices during
is a contributing factor to delusions.
The cognitive component of CBT in the management of schizophrenia often involves helping the client to become aware that in some situations they may be ‘jumping to conclusions’, identify the thoughts that may be misinterpretations of situations, carefully examine each thought and evaluate how realistic it is, and to try to generate alternative thoughts that are more realistic, helpful and balanced
The behavioural component of CBT in the management of schizophrenia may consist of two components called behavioural experiments and behavioural strategies
The social causation hypothesis proposes that membership of a low SES group can trigger the development or onset of schizophrenia
Research has shown that the more educated a person is about their mental disorder and how it affects their own life and the lives of others, the more control that person has over their disorder.psychoeducation
Research evidence indicates that the social support provided by members of a person’s social network outside their immediate family is also important in the management of schizophrenia and can reduce the risk of relapse.Social networks