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Lecture 8. PHIL 2525 Contemporary Moral Issues. Beginning with basics... What are values?. Beginning with basics... What are values?. Promise keeping Equality Friendship Fairness Honesty Good health Honour Bravery Kindness Owning things A lucrative job A challenging career Etc…….

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Lecture 8

Lecture 8

PHIL 2525 Contemporary Moral Issues


Beginning with basics what are values
Beginning with basics...What are values?


Beginning with basics what are values1
Beginning with basics...What are values?

  • Promise keeping

  • Equality

  • Friendship

  • Fairness

  • Honesty

  • Good health

  • Honour

  • Bravery

  • Kindness

  • Owning things

  • A lucrative job

  • A challenging career

  • Etc……


Beginning with basics what are values2
Beginning with basics...What are values?

  • Promise keeping

  • Equality

  • Friendship

  • Fairness

  • Honesty

  • Good health

  • Honour

  • Bravery

  • Kindness

  • Owning things

  • A lucrative job

  • A challenging career

  • Etc……

  • Which are moral values?


The ten commandments
The Ten Commandments.

JosipTurkalj

Notre Dame Campus



What i learned in kindergarten1
What I learned in Kindergarten....

  • Don’t take things that don’t belong to you

  • Return what you borrow

  • Take turns

  • Don’t hit or bite or bully

  • Don’t lie

  • Respect other people

  • Respect yourself

  • Mind your own business

  • Don’t tattle-tale







The sermon on the mount
The Sermon on the Mount...

The moral teaching of Jesus

Eight Beatitudes (blessings)

But then....



Friedrich nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche...

Master and Slave Morality

Nietzsche condemns the

triumph of slave morality in

the West...


Friedrich nietzsche1
Friedrich Nietzsche...

  • “The Christian resolution to find the world ugly and bad has made the world ugly and bad.”

    The Gay Science, section 130German philosopher (1844 - 1900)


Rachels conclusion
Rachels’ conclusion...

  • Religious considerations do not provide definitive solutions to most of the specific moral issues we face

    • Demonstrated in regards to homosexuality

    • Demonstrated in regards to abortion


Rachels conclusion1
Rachels’ conclusion...

  • Religion doesn’t have a special place at the discussion

    • No special insight

    • No special knowledge

    • No special gift



Communism oed definition
Communism....OED definition...

  • A theory which advocates a state of society in which there should be no private ownership, all property being vested in the community and labour organized for the common benefit of all members; the professed principle being that each should work according to his capacity, and receive according to his wants.

  • (originally called Equalitarianism...)


Communism other defs
Communism...other defs...

A Maoist view:

  • Communism is the abolition of power of people over people. This means abolishing "oppression," whether the oppression be of nations by nations, classes by classes, women by men or any other division in society. Communism is based on mutual cooperation, peace and justice instead of oppression.


Communism other defs1
Communism...other defs...

A Capitalist view:

  • Communism is a type of totalitarianism.  It has the following characteristics:

  • a massive repression system run by a well established secret police force

  • an official and far-reaching system for denunciatory activities, single party rule, censorship

  • imposition of an official (“the only correct”) state ideology and appearance of newspeak


Early communist christians
Early (communist) Christians...

  • "Now the whole group of those who believed were of one heart and soul, and no one claimed private ownership of any possessions, but everything they owned was held in common.....There was not a needy person among them, for as many as owned lands or houses sold them and brought the proceeds of what was sold. They laid it at the apostles' feet, and it was distributed to each as any had need." [Acts 4:32-5]




Dorothy day2
Dorothy Day

  • Social Activist, Journalist, 1897-1980

  • "The biggest mistake sometimes is to play things very safe in this life and end up being moral failures."


The condom aids debate
The condom // AIDS debate

What values are the

participants calling

on?


The condom aids debate1
The condom // AIDS debate

What values are the

participants calling

on?

  • Right to health

  • Obedience

  • First, do no harm

  • Free choice

  • Untrammelled information

  • Fairness



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