Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie
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Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie. Robbin te Velde Utrecht, 27 september 2007. Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie. Waar hebben we het over?. The Psilosopher’s Stone. Government is a major producer of information.

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Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Robbin te Velde

Utrecht, 27 september 2007


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Waar hebben we het over?


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

The Psilosopher’s Stone

  • Government is a major producer of information.

  • There is a lot of money involved in the commercial exploitation of information.

  • Public sector information is a potential pot of gold.


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

‘cost recovery model’

‘open access model’

0.8% of GDP

7.7 % of GDP

PIRA (2000). Or the Origin of PSI Wealth

Economic Potential of PSI in Europe and US (billions of Euro)


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

The Deflation of PSI Wealth, overview

Economic Potential of PSI in Europe (billions of Euro)


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Overheid versus markt


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Public Sector

Body

Private firm

Private firm

Use versus re-use

Public sector

USE

Private sector

information holder

Private sector

RE-USE


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Public Mine and Private Thine

Ministry of Economic Affairs (1997). Market and government. Rules of game for fair competition between public organisations and private enterprises [NL] :

  • PSI should be made available to third parties on a non-discriminatory basis at uniform prices.

  • Information services directly linked to the ‘public task’ are allowed, all other (commercial or value-added) services are forbidden.

  • Additional (value-added) information services may only be provided by the public sector when there is a public need for such services, and no private company is already (or soon will be) providing a similar service.


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Informatie is een raar goedje


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Basic characteristics of information goods(a.k.a. priceless PSI)

  • Very costly to produce first copy, very cheap to produce subsequent copies (MC=MR=0, VC=big)

  • This implies that information goods are inherently nonrival and also nonexcludable.

  • Hence information goods can only be priced if they are made excludable. But this results in substantial enforcement costs.

  • Willingness-to-pay usually differs across customers. From a social welfare point of view it is then advantageous to charge different users different prices (versioning).

  • Knowledge about the preferences of the (many) different user groups is key.


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Cost-recovery versus open access


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

Private sector

information holder

Public Sector

Information Holder

Private firm

Private firm

Non-commercial

Commercial

Indirect (and non-)economic effects

Direct economic effects

So were did all the money go ?

Public sector

Private sector

Data creation

Public Sector Body

Upgrading

Public Sector Body

Re-use

Final

consumption

End user

End user


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

US has a much stronger private information industry [A] than the EU.

B

A

B

A

But how much is that due to differences in PSI [B]?

B

A

X

B

A

PIRA (2000). At second glance

Economic Potential of PSI in Europe and US (billions of Euro)


Economische effecten van hergebruik van overheidsinformatie

The Psilosopher’s Stone revisited

  • Government is a major producer of information.

  • There is a lot of money involved in the commercial exploitation of information.

  • Public sector information is important in its own right (Freedom of Information ― indirect economic effects).

  • Boost the performance of the EU private sector information industry (competition law, industrial policy ― direct economic effects).


Q a robbin te velde 31 0 30 2150580 tevelde@dialogic nl www dialogic nl

Q & ARobbin te Velde+31(0)30 [email protected]


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