Space policy issues
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Space Policy Issues. - Space Choke Points -. 12 December, 2012. Traditional Orbital View. >13,000 Space Objects Confuses Users as to Possible Attack Patterns Developing. Satellite Attack Warning (SAW).

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Space Policy Issues

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Space policy issues

Space Policy Issues

- Space Choke Points -

12 December, 2012

UNCLASSIFIED


Traditional orbital view

Traditional Orbital View

UNCLASSIFIED

>13,000 Space Objects Confuses Users as to Possible Attack Patterns Developing


Satellite attack warning saw

Satellite Attack Warning (SAW)

Military Choke Point:A region of earth or space where systems of military consequence concentrate due to operational, environmental or geophysical constraints.

GEO

Red Objects In Normally Blue Zone

MEO

LEO

Space Has Choke Points As In Terrestrial Systems – They Just Are Not Stationary

UNCLASSIFIED


Saw icons

SAW – Icons

  • Based on Mil-Std-2525B

  • 220 New Space Icons

Friend

Neutral

Unknown

Adversary

Make SAW Maps Similar to Terrestrial Situation Maps

UNCLASSIFIED


Saw view 1

SAW – View 1

Satellite Altitude Increase

Space Objects Orbital Changes Are Easy to Identify

UNCLASSIFIED


Saw view 2

SAW – View 2

COSMOS 2421 Breakup

UNCLASSIFIED

Space Debris Clouds & Their Source Can Easily be Viewed


Saw sdiz

SAW – SDIZ

Space Defense ID Zones (SDIZ)

SSA Detection Zones Help Partial Out Operational Responsibility

UNCLASSIFIED


Saw simulated attack against gps

SAW – Simulated Attack Against GPS

New Space Objects Conducting GEO Transfer Orbital Maneuvers

Red Objects Approaching Blue GPS Zone

Major Maneuvers of Space Objects are Easily Visualized

UNCLASSIFIED


Saw dead stages as anti satellites asats

SAW – “Dead” Stages as Anti-Satellites (ASATS)

Launch Vehicle Stages With Hidden ASAT Capabilities

Orbital Change Over Time

Simultaneous Attack Maneuvers Can Easily be Detected

UNCLASSIFIED


Saw multiple attacks against one gps

SAW – Multiple Attacks Against One GPS

Red Rocket Stages Have Large State Change Scores for RADAR Cross Sections (RCS)[Stages Have Changed Orientation]

Space Objects Playing Dead Can be Detected With Unusual Movements

UNCLASSIFIED


Space choke points

Space Choke Points

NOAA 18

Red Satellite-1

USA 106

USA 172

SAUDISAT 2

RADARSAT-I

ORBVIEW-02

Red Satellite-2

SNAP-1

Space Junk

CERISE

Hohmann Maneuver Envelopeat 100 M/sec Delta-V

There are Many Potential Sources of Attack

UNCLASSIFIED


Sun synchronous choke points

Sun-Synchronous Choke Points

80 m/s Delta-V

500 m/s Delta-V

3607 m/s Delta-V

2826 m/s Delta-V

523 m/s Delta-V

Delta-V Required for2-Burn HohmannTransfer Rendezvous

to Appear LikeAnother Satellite

2543 m/s Delta-V

641 m/s Delta-V

144 m/s Delta-V

448 m/s Delta-V

1317 m/s Delta-V

430 m/s Delta-V

26 m/s Delta-V

688 m/s Delta-V

459 m/s Delta-V

Satellites Can Maneuver to Confuse Targeting Assets

UNCLASSIFIED


Example attack locations optimized for space surveillance

Example Attack LocationsOptimized for Space Surveillance

Some Parts of a Satellite's Orbit May Be More Vulnerable than Others

UNCLASSIFIED


Threat envelope chart tec view 1

Threat Envelope Chart (TEC) View 1

Some Orbits are Easier to Maneuver to Than Others

UNCLASSIFIED


Example threat envelope view 2

Example Threat Envelope View 2

Circle Size Denotes Amount of Delta-V to Reach Target From This Position In Space

Gray Boxes DenoteLocations of Dead Space Objects

Black Boxes DenoteLocations of Live Satellites

Red Asterisk DenotesLocation of Target

Color of Circle Denotes Amount of Time to Reach Target From This Position In Space

Some Regions of Space May be More Threatening than Others

UNCLASSIFIED


Example threat envelope view 3

Example Threat Envelope View 3

UNCLASSIFIED


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